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State or Territory.























New Hampshire....

New Jersey.

New Mexico.....

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Agricultural and Mechanical Col- Normal.
lege for Negroes.

University of Arizona..

College of Agriculture of the Uni

versity of Arkansas.

Branch Normal College.....

College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of California.

The State Agricultural College of

Connecticut Agricultural College...
Delaware College..

State College for Colored Students.
College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Florida.

Florida Agricultural and Mechan-
ical College for Negroes.
Georgia State College of Agricul-

Georgia State Industrial College...
College of Hawaii.

College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Idaho.

College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Illinois.

School of Agriculture of Purdue

Iowa State College of Agriculture
and Mechanic Arts.
Kansas State Agricultural College..
The College of Agriculture of the
State University.

The Kentucky Normal and Indus-
trial Institute for Colored Per-

Louisiana State University and
Agricultural and

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Southern University and Agricul- New Orleans.
tural and Mechanical College.
College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Maine.

Maryland Agricultural College..
Princess Anne Academy for Col-
ored Persons, Eastern Branch of
the Maryland Agricultural Col-

Massachusetts Agricultural College.
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-

Michigan Agricultural College...
College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota.

Mississippi Agricultural and Me-
chanical College.

Alcorn Agricultural and Mechan-
ical College.

College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Missouri.

School of Mines and Metallurgy of
the University of Missouri.
Lincoln Institute..

Montana State College of Agricul-
ture and Mechanic Arts.
College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Nebraska.

College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Nevada.

New Hampshire College of Agri-
culture and the Mechanic Arts.
Rutgers Scientific School (The
New Jersey State College for the
Benefit of Agriculture and the
Mechanic Arts).


College Park.
Princess Anne..


East Lansing.
University Farm, St.

H. A. Hill.

R. J. Aley.

T. H. Spence.2
T. H. Kiah.

K. L. Butterfield.
R. C. Maclaurin.

J. L. Snyder.
A. F. Woods.1

Agricultural College... G. R. Hightower.
J. A. Martin.

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1 Dean.

and Mechanic Arts.

2 Acting president.

W. E. Garrison.

Does not maintain courses in agriculture. 4 Director.

State or Territory.

New York..

North Carolina....

North Dakota..

Porto Rico..

Rhode Island..
South Carolina.

South Dakota..........



Utah.. Vermont.


West Virginia...

Agricultural colleges in the United States-Continued.

Name of institution.



L. H. Bailey.1

West Raleigh...

New York State College of Agri- Ithaca.
culture at Cornell University.
The North Carolina College of Agri-
culture and Mechanic Arts.
The Agricultural and Mechanical
College for the Colored Race.
North Dakota Agricultural College.
College of Agriculture of the Ohio
State University.

Oklahoma Agricultural and Me-
chanical College.
Agricultural and Normal Univer-

Oregon State Agricultural College.
The Pennsylvania State College..
College of Agriculture and Mechan-
ic Arts of the University of Porte

Rhode Island State College...
The Clemson Agricultural College
of South Carolina.

The Colored Normal, Industrial,
Agricultural, and Mechanical
College of South Carolina.

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D. H. Hill.
J. B. Dudley.

J. H. Worst.
H. C. Price,2

J. H. Connell.

I. E. Page.

W. J. Kerr
E. E. Sparks.
F. L. Stevens.

Howard Edwards.
W. M. Riggs.

R. S. Wilkinson.

Robert L. Slagle.

Brown Ayers.

R. T. Milner.
E. L. Blackshear.
J. A. Widtsoe.
J. L. Hills.*

P. B. Barringer.

H. B. Frissell.

E. A. Bryan.
E. D. Sanderson.2

The West Virginia Colored Insti


Byrd Prillerman.

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H. L. Russell.2
C. A. Duniway.

chanic Arts of the University of

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1 Special agent in charge. ? Address: Island of Guam, via San Francisco. 3 Acting director.

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Pennsylvania (Institute of Animal Nutrition),

State College: H. P. Armsby.

Porto Rico (Federal), Mayaguez: D. W. May.1
Porto Rico (Sugar), Rio Piedras: J. T. Crawley.
Rhode Island, Kingston: B. L. Hartwell.
South Carolina, Clemson College: J. N. Harper.
South Dakota, Brookings: J. W. Wilson.
Tennessee, Knoxville: H. A. Morgan.
Texas, College Station: B. Youngblood.
Utah, Logan: E. D. Ball.

Vermont, Burlington: J. L. Hills.

Virginia (College), Blacksburg: S. W. Fletcher.
Virginia (Truck), Norfolk: T. C. Johnson.
Washington, Pullman: R. W. Thatcher.
West Virginia, Morgantown: E. D. Sanderson.
Wisconsin, Madison: H. L. Russell.
Wyoming, Laramie: H. G. Knight.


Alabama: Commissioner of Agriculture, Montgomery.

Alaska: Special Agent in Charge of Experiment Stations, Sitka.

Arizona: Director of Experiment Station, Tucson. Arkansas: Commissioner of Agriculture, Little Rock.

California: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Sacramento.

Colorado: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Fort Collins.

Connecticut: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Hartford.

Delaware: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Dover.

Florida: Commissioner of Agriculture, Tallahassee. Georgia: Commissioner of Agriculture, Atlanta. Hawaii: Secretary of Territorial Board of Agriculture, Honolulu.

Idaho: Commissioner of Immigration, Labor, and Statistics, Boise.

Illinois: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Springfield.

Indiana: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Indianapolis.

Jowa: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Des Moines.

Kansas: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Topeka.

Kentucky: Commissioner of Agriculture, Frankfort.

Louisiana: Commissioner of Agriculture, Baton Rouge.

Maine: Commissioner of Agriculture, Augusta. Maryland: Director of Experiment Station, College Park.

Massachusetts: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Boston.

Michigan: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, East Lansing.

Minnesota: Secretary of State Agricultural Society,

St. Paul.

Mississippi: Commissioner of Agriculture, Jackson. Missouri: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Columbia.

Montana: Commissioner of Agriculture, Helena.

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North Dakota: Commissioner of Agriculture, Bismarck.

Ohio: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Columbus.

Oklahoma: President of State Board of Agriculture, Oklahoma.

Oregon: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture Salem.

Pennsylvania: Secretary of Agriculture, Harrisburg.

Philippine Islands: Director of Agriculture, Manila. Porto Rico: Director of Experiment Station, Mayaguez.

Rhode Island: Secretary of State Board of Agricul ture, Providence.

South Carolina: Commissioner of Agriculture, Columbia.

South Dakota: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Huron.

Tennessee: Commissioner of Agriculture, Nashville. Texas: Commissioner of Agriculture, Austin. Utah: Director of Experiment Station, Logan. Vermont: Commissioner of Agriculture, Plainfield. Virginia: Commissioner of Agriculture, Richmond. Washington: Director of Experiment Station, Pull


West Virginia: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Charleston.

Wisconsin: Secretary of State Board of Agriculture, Madison.

Wyoming: Director of Experiment Station, Laramie.

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By P. C. DAY, Climatologist and Chief of Division, Weather Bureau. The following summary of the weather for 1912 conforms largely with that appearing in the several numbers of the National Weather Bulletin, issued by months during January, February, March, October, November, and December, and by weeks during the principal crop-growing period, April to September, inclusive.

The most important departure of weather conditions from the normal for the year 1912 was the unusually severe cold that prevailed during the first three months in the districts to the eastward of the Rocky Mountains. Extreme cold was not more marked than has occurred in previous years, but for length of time during which severe cold was almost continuous the months of January, February, and March, 1912, are probably unsurpassed during the past 40 years. The period was especially cold in the central valleys and Lake region, and the amount of ice that formed on the rivers and lakes of those districts was far in excess of the normal, and in the Great Lakes region especially the ice was reported as being the heaviest within its recorded history.

Following close upon the record-breaking cold of the first three months of the year heavy rains and snows during the latter part of March and early April in the drainage basins of the Ohio and middle Mississippi Valleys, together with the rapid melting of a considerable body of snow already on the ground and the deeply frozen condition of the soil, caused one of the worst floods in the history of these rivers. Much land was overflowed in the lower Mississippi Valley and millions of dollars worth of property was destroyed.

The unfavorable weather of the winter greatly injured the winter-wheat crop in some of the States of the Ohio Valley, and the resulting yield at the time of harvest was in large areas scarcely 50 per cent of the usual crop. Good yields, however, in the States to the westward of the Mississippi River and in the spring-wheat States brought the total wheat crop up to the usual amount. The distribution of the rainfall during the spring and summer months was favorable for corn and other cereals, and the ideal weather conditions attending their ripening enabled the gathering of crops that on the whole were among the greatest on record.


TEMPERATURE.-The month began with cold weather over the Northwest, the center of lowest temperature overlying the Valley of the Red River of the North, while in the far Southwest the unusual cold that had prevailed during the latter part of the preceding month continued.

With slight variations the weather continued to grow colder until about the 7th of the month, when the entire country to the eastward of the Rocky Mountains was in the grip of an unusually severe cold wave, the temperatures over the Great Plains from Kansas to the Dakotas and thence eastward to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley ranging from 20° to 40° below the normal. With but slight interruptions severe cold continued till about the middle of the month, during which time the minimum temperatures approached and in some cases exceeded the lowest recorded at any time during the preceding 40 years.


During the latter half of the month there was a reaction to somewhat warmer weather over the southern and western districts, but it continued cold throughout the month from the upper Mississippi Valley eastward to New England and southeastward to the middle Atlantic coast.

During the prevalence of this severe cold over the United States and the Canadian Northwest Provinces the temperatures in Alaska were remarkably high; in fact, save on a few dates they were much higher than at points in the States.

PRECIPITATION. The precipitation was generally light. except over the East Gulf and South Atlantic States and in the far Northwest, where the fall was somewhat above normal. In the West Gulf States and thence northeastward to the Lake region there was a very general deficiency of from 1 to 2 inches or more, and there was a large deficiency over southern California and other portions of the far Southwest.

SNOW. There was generally less than the average snowfall in the upper Ohio Valley and North Atlantic States, but the amounts, were quite heavy in portions of the Plains region and middle Mississippi and lower Ohio Valleys, while in the mountain districts of the West there was nearly everywhere a general deficiency, which was most pronounced in California and the Southwest.


TEMPERATURE.-Continued cold was the rule during the first half of February, freezing weather extending into the Gulf coast region and the Florida Peninsula during the 5th to 7th, and destructive frosts in southern Florida being only averted by the timely occurrence of clouds and rain. Severe cold again prevailed from the Missouri and Mississippi Valleys eastward by the 9th, continuing several days and again extending to the Gulf coast and the Florida Peninsula.

The average temperature for the first 14 days of the month over the districts from the Rocky Mountains eastward was, as in January, far below the normal. To the westward of the mountains, however, the temperatures were more moderate, and in the extreme Northwest the period was considerably warmer than the average.

The latter half of the month was more moderate as to temperature, except that at the close a cold wave of considerable severity had overspread the central valleys and more northern districts. The temperatures in Alaska continued unusually high; in fact on but few days of the month, from observations made about 6 p. m., local time, were the temperatures below zero, and in the very heart of the Territory, near the Arctic Circle, they were frequently well above that point.

PRECIPITATION.-As in January the precipitation was generally light over much of the country. The first two decades of the month were unusually free from severe storms, and it was not until about the 20th to 22d that any general storm prevailed. This storm moved from the west Gulf and southern Plains region to the Ohio Valley, lower Lake region, and New England, accompanied by rains in the southern and snows in the northern sections of the country to the eastward of the Mississippi. A second storm moved over nearly the same course from the 25th to 27th, with some heavy snow from the middle Rocky Mountains and northern Texas eastward to lower Michigan, and heavy rains in the Ohio Valley, Middle Atlantic States, and New England.

To the westward of the Rocky Mountains generally dry weather continued. especially over California and the Southwest, where the season to date was among the driest of record.

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