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ings) the committee on Los Angeles Times con January 1, 1902, not one of the three daily test recommended “that the executive council beunion newspapers deemed it wise either to advoinstructed to furnish such finances from the de cate or defend the principles of organized labor, fense fund as in its wisdom may be necessary for which for years had been vilified almost daily by the continuance of the contest." This recom the Times. mendation was unanimously adopted by the con Today the Record is ultra-friendly, carries the vention. In accordance therewith, in September, union label on its editorial page, and extends the 1904, the executive council reduced the amount use of its columns for replies to attacks of the allowed for the Times contest to $600 a month. Times. The Express is doing much to discredit

All funds for the Times contest prior to March the influence of H. G. Otis and his paper. The I, 1903, were handled by the financial secretaries Iierald is fair in its treatment of labor. of No. 174. On that date the funds were deposited in a national bank in the names of the January 1, 1902, as a result of the continuous president and financial secretary of Typographical misrepresentation of the Times, coupled with the Union No. 174, as “trustees of the International negative policy of the union newspapers and the Typographical Union fund," and the financial sec. character of the population--comprised largely of retary was placed under $3,000 bonds. All money health-seekers, transients and persons of wealthis drawn by check signed by the two trustees. A a sentiment distinctly hostile to union labor per. financial report, containing an itemized statement vaded the community. of and original receipts for all expenditures, is Today, owing to the change in policy of the filed monthly with the secretary-treasures of the Record and the Express, the advent of the ExInternational Typographical Union, and each aminer, and the consequent education of the peomonth the president and secretary of No. 174 ple along trades union lines, much of the prejudice audit the books and accounts of the committee. heretofore existing on the part of the general

So much for the financial part of the contest. public against organized labor has been removed.

Now as to the conditions obtaining January 1, 1902, and those which obtain today:

January 1, 1902, San Diego was dominated by the printers' protective fraternity; no unions ex. isted in Redlands, Santa Ana, Pasadena, Long Beach, San Pedro, Ocean Park, Santa Monica-all contiguous to Los Angeles.

Today there is not one member of the printers' protective fraternity working in San Diego. The Morning Union, for fourteen years a fraternity stronghold, now is in complete harmony with the International Typographical Union. Unions have been organized in Redlands, Santa Ana, Pasadena, Long Beach and San Pedro, and in each place the condition of the craft has been materially improved.

January 1, 1902, neither of the three union daily newspapers was a formidable competitor of the Times-the Herald (morning) being about half the size . and having about half the circulation; the Express and the Record (both evening) even smaller and having less circulation than the Herald.

Today the Express is an aggressive competitor of the Times, showing a constant increase both in circulation and advertising, drawn principally from the Times. The Record has doubled both in size and circulation. The Herald has changed ownership, and now is upon a sounder financial basis than ever before in its history. Beyond all doubt, the Examiner has relegated the Times to second place in circulation, a fact that is patent to any resident of Los Angeles.'

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and are sparing no effort or expense to maintain the supremacy of the Times in local advertising. However, it is contrary to sound reasoning to suppose that this condition can exist long. When the fact becomes thoroughly understood-and it is bound to be in timethat the Examiner has the largest and a steadily increasing circulation, while that of the Times is slowly but steadily decreasing, the local advertising condition will adjust itself.

fifteen months, paying in that time to our mein. bers alone more than $91,000.

With the recent voluntary increase in wages granted by Mr. Hearst and the ever-increasing number of employes, the assertion can safely be made that the establishment of the Los Angeles Examiner will bring to members of the International Typographical Union more than $100,000 every year.

When one considers the comparatively small amount of money expended in bringing about these results; when the fact is borne in mind that the newspaper and job scales in Los Angeles have been increased; that the membership of Los Angeles union has been increased 55 per cent; that charters of the International Typographical Union are being placed in every town of southern California subject to organization, and that the International Typographical Union now is upon friendly terms with every newspaper publisher, with one exception, in this section of the jurisdiction, the anti-Times committee is confident that the membership at large will approve the progress made.

Arthur A. Hay, Representing Interna-

national Typographical Union,
FRANCIS DRAKE, Secretary Committee.
B. C. ROBINSON, Alles Job Chapel,
E. J. HICKMAN, Record Chapel,
D. C. HANNA, Express Chapel,
T. D. FENNESSY, Examiner Chapel,
C. E. Brown, Herald Chapel,

Anti-Times Committee.
B. C. ROBINSON, President Typograph-

ical Union No. 174,
G. W. Bowman, Secretary Typograph-
ical Union No. 174,


Last year the Times, through methods known to itself, secured the contract for the printing of the official proceedings of the city council. At the time of the award, members of the anti- Times committee protested to the city council without avail. The charter of the city of Los Angeles provides for the recall of recreant public officials. Immediately after the award of the city printing, the anti- Times committee circulated petitions and secured thereto more than a sufficient number of signatures of qualified voters demanding that the chairman of the printing committee of the city council be recalled. This petition was rejected by the city clerk purely upon technical grounds. A second petition was circulated, which was accepted by the city council. The Times carried this petition to the courts, where again it was rejected on a technicality. A third petition was at once circu. lated, and presented to the city council. Again the Times appealed to the courts. This time the same judge upheld the petition in every respect. The city council was compelled to order a special election, at which the Times' satellite was recalled by a vote of nearly 3 to 1, and a member of the electrical workers' union elected to fill the vacancy.

At the Washington convention of the International Typographical Union an exhaustive report was made as to the status of affairs in Los Angeles, and the fact was pointed out that the most serious obstacle in the path of the contest with the Times was the absence of a competitor in every respect. At a conference of the executive council, the International Typographical Union representative stationed at Los Angeles, the dele. gate from the Los Angeles union and delegates from western unions, the conclusion was reached that it would be wise to request Hon. William Randolph Hearst to acquire a morning newspaper in Los Angeles. Accordingly, a resolution to this effect was introduced in the convention, and was adopted by a unanimous vote. Shortly after the adjournment of the convention, Mr. Hearst was waited upon in New York by President Lynch, and later in San Francisco by Representative Hay, and further requested to acquire a paper in Los Angeles. On December 12, 1903--four months after the Washington convention adjourned-the Los Angeles Examiner made its initial appearance, and was greeted with a huge demonstration by or ganized labor.

The records of the Examiner show that each week since its establishment members of the International Typographical Union have received in wages an average of $1,400. This does not take into account the employes identified with other organizations. The Examiner has been established

FINDLAY, OHIO. Being a student of the various topics discussed in THE JOURNAL, I feel like saying something for No. 260. The eight-hour day is one which I am particularly interested in for the craft at large, feeling that eight hours of work is quite enough for any man. No. 260, almost a year ago, brought the subject before the employers of our city, and with a raise in the scale of prices—while smallsecured the same easily. One firm, that formerly carried the label, is the only non-union shop in the city, but the writer called on him recently and he signified a desire to once more join the ranks of the "grand old union."

On April 15 we commenced work in every shop on the eight-hour day. The proprietors in signing the scale granted the increase in wages, and every three months have cut the time fifteen minutes. April 15 was the last day for No. 260 at 8:15. They are satisfied all around, and No. 260 is highly elated to be enrolled with her sister unions as an eight-hour town.

The coming International convention at Toronto is looked forward to by our membership as a good time for someone to represent No. 260 in the International body. As yet no one has announced

himself as a candidate, but several names have been suggested.

In our last JOURNAL I notice my old friend, W. H. Terrell, has launched a labor journal in “The Hut." Terrell is a hard, conscientious worker and deserves the greatest success. Here's hoping he succeeds,

Frank Rannelles, a member of No. 260, was recently appointed organizer for this district of the American Federation of Labor by President Gompers, vice Frank H. Treece.

This city will celebrate Labor day in September in grand style. Already committees have been appointed to push the work along. We will be assisted by the trades unionists of Bowling Green, Fostoria, Tiffin, and probably Kenton. No. 260 already has a neat little sum laid by for a banquet and smoker for her visiting brothers.


number of delegates from across the border. Gentlemen, get your bees busy and so-on-to-Tor-on-to.

The paragraph below, giving the meaning of the word "journal," is taken from the Standard Dictionary. The meaning of this word is one that the members and officers of our union may well ponder over. An oldtime printer drew my attention to the fact that such a title should not be applied to any monthly magazine, above all to the printers' magazine. If the Standard Dictionary is correct then we should make a change in our name. The paragraph follows:

Journal-Directly from the French, which de. rives it from Latin diurnalis, whence also Eng. lish diurnal; properly means daily; daily journal means daily daily, while weekly journal, monthly journal, quarterly journal (weekly daily, monthly daily, quarterly daily), forms of expression in popular use and approaching very near to good liter. ary use, appear to be instances of violent catachresis. The usage has probably arisen from attaching to journal the loose meaning of a publication or record of events or news. Even one of the great quarterlies writes of "the course uniformly pursued by this journal." It would be more discriminating, and hence better to confine the word to its strict meaning of daily newspaper and to say weekly newspaper, monthly or quarterly mag. azine, or review, or simply monthly or quarterly,


LONDON, ONT. Organizer James, of Toronto, spent about seven days here the latter part of last month, urging the job printers to become better organized. The or ganizing committee is doing good work, having brought in five members last month, with several more names to be submitted at next meeting.

As predicted in our correspondence last month, the vaudeville show, under the auspices of typographical union, was a splendid success, and the treasury of No. 133 is richer by about $100. "Billy" McKenna sold $14 worth of tickets for our vaudeville show, and the union, at its last meeting, unanimously voted him an International button. Ben Parkinson, in making his report as treasurer of the vaudeville performance, said: “Now, let the members of our union work as hard for organization and we will have this town solid in three months.” If every member would work like Ben there would not be half a dozen nonunion printers in this city by the time the snow flies again.

Mr. James, International Typographical Union organizer, spoke for three-quarters of an hour at the last regular meeting. He told of the work he had done while in this city and outlined a plan he thought would be good policy for this union to pursue. His remarks were attentively listened to, and upon taking his seat he received an ovation and a rising vote of thanks for the able manner in which he had conducted his work.

The Toronto Old Boys' Association has decided to bring the full band of the Forty-Eighth Highland Regiment to the celebration in this city in August next, and the outlook is for the largest attendance from the Queen City on record. The Toronto civic holiday falls upon the same day as does that of London, and the railways will run special excursion trains to this city to accommodate the expected rush of excursionists.

The fiftieth anniversary of the London Daily Free Press this year will be signalized by the in stallation of a first-class three-deck news press.

I notice by the correspondents that the election bee is beginning to buzz in the different conştituencies. We Canadians are expecting a great

WILMINGTON, DEL. While there has been a lack of correspondence from us for a time, we can report progress.

Our meetings on the first Wednesday evening of the month still retain their interest. '

At the March meeting a resolution was passed calling for a new eight-hour committee for this union. President Walters held the committee un. der advisement until the April meeting and then named George H. Hoage, David H. Russell and J. Charles Groppe as the committee. Mr. Hoage was our representative at the St. Louis conven. tion; Mr. Russell came to us last summer from No. 2, and has been taking a considerable interest in our union, and Mr. Groppe is one of the faithful, always ready to take his share of the work. They are ready for anything interesting in the furtherance of the eight-hour day, and will have some suggestions to make after they have settled down to work.

The central labor union of this place has al. ready made an initial move for the celebration of Labor day. Committees from all branches of organized labor have been appointed, and an effort will be made to have a grand old time, possibly with a labor demonstration and end with a picnic. Our committee as named was A. R. Saylor, J. R, Pancoast and Fred Clark.

We are still working for the benefit of the label, It often looks slow to us, but it is sure, and we are having new applicants for the sign of fair wages and better conditions at almost every meeting.

Wilmington will be represented at Toronto when the convention roll is called. It is a little soon to state who will answer "Here" for No. 123.

Business is still fairly good and shows some prospects of being good all the summer.

D. H, Russell,

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DENVER, COLO. Louis J. Quinn, lately of the Republic, St. Louis, has arrived here and is showing up on the Post. The change was made on account of the health of his wife.

John Gaston's double-decker, to go in the United States Colortype Company's plant, was expected about the first of the month. It will be the first one in the town and will prove quite an attraction.

Quite a rivalry for small ads has been going on between the Post and News. Coffee, syrup, books, candy, and most every old thing has been given away as an inducement, and the amount of the "kiddos” that have come in is wonderful, espe. cially think the boys on the Post who set them, that paper winning out. It is said that bottled beer will soon be added to the prize list.

Great changes are about to take place in the internal workings of the Post. A new sextuple Hoe press, forty-eight pages with auxiliary color, is in place and running. An order has gone in for a double-decker Merg., to be used as a head letter, which will be here about the first, and another single Merg. has been ordered, with pro. visional orders on tue hook for two more, to be delivered in the early fall. The composing room is to be enlarged to double its present space, most of the present composing room going into ad and makeup rooms and proofroom. The Post will have eighteen machines when the new ones arrive, and twenty when all are in. The force will also be enlarged considerably, and things run on a larger basis than at present, the office now employing more men than any other in town, and giving out more work. Three large Hoe presses are in the pressroom. When the present proprietors took hold, some ten years ago, the plant employed about ten men. They certainly go some. H. W. Carstarphen, known to many oldtimers along the Missouri, is foreman. The plant, when present improvements are made, will be the largest west of the Missouri, and still growing.

The rush at Smith-Brooks is over with the directory and legislature, and machine work is very dull; ad work dull; job work fair; plenty of men.

For a wonder, Peabody carried out his part of the deal, and after one day as governor, he resigned and was succeeded by Lieutenant-Governor McDonald. Sherman Bell has been succeeded by Wells, another swashbuckler and mine owners' pet. Peabody has gone back to his home town, disliked by everybody. Upon his arrival he could not secure an expressman to haul the family trunks to his home, and had to have it done by his son. Oh, he is popular all right, with a copper on it. What McDonald will do is not known,

McDonald will do is not known, but the prediction is made, if the occasion arises, he will follow the Peabody program, as he is a mine owner himself. The cost to the taxpayers of the state to oust legally-elected Governor Adams, seat the modern Judas one day, and, finally, leave McDonald in, was $90,000. Quite a goodly suu for the fun.

The legislature has adjourned after an unen. viable record; it is said by those that know that more than one member went home the possessors

of sums ranging up as high as $10,000; not a bad showing on $7 per for ninety days, and gives strong evidence of thrift and close attention to the people's business. But I am not jealous. No laws for labor, except an abortion of an eighthour law, were passed; a fierce anti-boycott law was enacted; the famous $800,000 bill for payment of military expenses during the past two years failed to get through, but will, probably, be laid on the taxpayers by a special levy.

Claude Logan, son of A. R. Logan, an oldtime member of No. 49, was murdered near Goldfield, Nev., lately, and his father has brought the remains home.

T. G. McClusky, ex to Cincinnati, after a tour of the coast, is back at Smith-Brooks. Denver is not so worse after all to our members.

Jimmy McConnell, who learned his trade here, but has been in Chicago for some time, couldn't stay away any longer, and is now with us, he says, for good.

George Hanson, long machinist on the Post, resigned and went to Portland, Ore., on the Journal, managed by John Carroll, formerly of the Post, and foremanized by S. C. Killen, late of No. 49. Quite a number of Denver printers and pressmen and mailers are with the Oregon sheet, which is proving a success. Hanson's place on the Post is taken by Tom McAndrews, a machinist recently taken in b; No. 49, and on the Republican before the absorption of the machinists.

Bob Davis, who forsook the humpback rule on the News for the position of news editor of the Post, evidently found the place too trying, and has gone back as makeup on the News.

Well, the appointment of commissioner of print·ing has been made, and the governor named W.

A. Platt, the incumbent under Peabody, to succeed himself. Platt is not a printer and never has been. The law provides that the occupant of the place shall be a practical printer not more than a year away from the business at the time of his appointment. He was not eligible at his first appointment. But then, what is the law between republican governors in Colorado? Quite a number of our members were candidates for the place from McDonald, among them Albert Steele, foreman of the Swedish paper, and C. J. Hylands, who also was a candidate before Adams. But “no union men need apply," seems to be the motto of this administration, and why should they? W. W. Weber, a member who served in the Philippines, was also a candidate for inspector general in the national guard, but failed. W. H. Montgomery has also been succeeded as labor commissioner by E. V. Brake, a wagonmaker. One by one the roses fall and cherished dreams evaporate.

The regular monthly change of foremen at Hoeckle's has taken place, and W. C. Ashwill succeeded Nicholson.

The campaign is on in good shape now and offices are receiving visitors that haven't known them since last year. The following have cards out for delegate: J. Vander Perel, chairman Post chapel; E. S. Sherman, ex-foreman News, now make-up on the Post, both newspaper mon; G.

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