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Perhaps the time has not yet come for a just and philosophical analysis of Campbell's genius and character; when that time comes, when the hundred years that Horace playfully allots as the test of the claim of poetry to immortality have elapsed, the work of Dr. Beattie will furnish abundant material for the critic's use. It is pleasing to learn that the poet, who has borne witness so often in his works to the reality and power of Christianity, was sustained by its promises and hopes when passing through the valley of death. He seems to have been cheered in his last hours by the immortal anticipations which he had described so beautifully in the “Last Man':
“This spirit shall return to Him
That gave its heavenly spark;
When thou thyself art dark.
By Him recalled to breath,
Rural Hrurs. By a Lady.
By a Lady. New-York : George P. Putnam.
This volume, dedicated to the author of the Deerslayer," is understood to be the production of a daughter of J. Fenimore Cooper, Esq. • The following notes," says the fair author, “ contain, in a journal form, the simple record of those little events which make up the course of the seasons in rural life, and were commenced two years since, in the spring of 1848, for the writer's amusement. In wandering about the fields, during a long, unbroken residence in the country, one naturally gleans many trifling observations on rustic matters, which are afterwards remembered with pleasure by the fireside, and gladly shared, perhaps, with one's friends." It would be difficult to find language more delicate in which to to introduce such a volume, but its delicacy too far conceals the real character of the book. The book is, as it purports to be, a volume of notes, jotted down from day to day, relating to rural scenes which thousands have looked upon with little interest all their lives,—but these notes are the productions of a gifted and highly accomplished mind, which has not only observed the outward form and phase of nature, as seen by common eyes, but has minutely and successfully studied its inner life and its modes of operation. It has been given to her to see in nature what cultivated minds alone can see, and her descriptions, while they have often the life and beauty of poetry, are not less remarkable for the extent and accuracy of the scientific knowledge which they develope. Her book contains likewise incidental sketches of rustic life and manners, interesting for their truthfulness, and doubly so because in the shifting character of American society, there will soon be nothing to answer to such descriptions.
Much do we admire the book, and we need no spirit of prophecy to assure the author that her simple offering to the literature of her country, as she would modestly estimate it, will outlive inany more ambitious volumes. The trees and flowers which she has described will be as fresh and beautiful in the lifetime of coming generations as now; the birds will sing as sweetly around her native hills ;-and because she has been true to nature, nature will be true to her. Those who are to see the light in far distant times will dwell on her pages with unfailing interest, following her step by step over the scenes which she has described, and blessing her for
the beautiful memorial which she has left of “ rustic matters” in ancient days. And as we have read this book, we have yielded a tribute of admiration to the father who has trained a daughter with tastes and habits, such as are here developed, rather than making her a batterfly, to attract for a few days the admiration of the drawing-room, and then pass away to be for ever forgotten.
The Autobiography of Leigh Hunt. With Reminiscences of Friends and
Contemporaries. In two volumes, 12mo, 299 and 333 pages. NewYork: Published by Harper & Brothers.
Leigh Hunt is an easy, gossipping, and generally pleasing writer. In these volumes of personal history and recollections of contemporaries, the egotism for which Hunt has ever been notorious contributes to the interest of the reader. The author's parentage, education at Christ's Hospital, so celebrated in the writings of Lamb and Coleridge, his successes and mishaps as an author, his imprisonment for a libel on the Prince Regent, his literary partnership with Byron in the publication of the “Liberal,” his numerous acquaintances, some of them of high rank in literature, are all described with the greatest freedom, and perhaps with as much fidelity as it is possible for any man to describe what pertains so nearly to himself. His opinions on the gravest subjects are given as freely as the facts of his life. In politics he is a sort of royalist republican; in religion he partakes of all the characteristics of an English free-thinker. He takes special pains to express his disbelief in future retribution, and also to affirm that he believes in no doctrine of the Bible on the ground that it is a revelation, and rejects everything that does not commend itself to the head and heart of Mr. Leigh Hunt, neither of which is understood to be remarkable for its soundness. Lamennais, Robert Owen, Theodore Parker, and Newman, the author of " Nemesis of Faith,” he regards as sustaining the relation to the world that the apostles and first Christians did in their day. He thinks it no matter what a man believes, provided he is “hearty, earnest, and sympathizing." We suppose he would trust his purse with a Jack Shepard, or his life with a Thug, though the one might have peculiar notions of the rights of property, and the other might hold murder to be a religious duty, if only these personages were "hearty, earnest, and sympathizing” in their respective creeds! We can admire these volumes as a piece of literary history, but it is certainly painful to witness such perversions of truth on matters pertaining to man's immortal interests.
Select Orations of M. Tullius Cicero; with Notes. For the use of Schools
and Colleges. By E. A. Johnson, Professor of Latin in the University of the city of New York. New-York: D. Appleton & Co. 1850.
The orations of Cicero will never lose the place they have so long occupied among the best instruments of intellectual discipline and culture, which are employed in modern education. Every one must read them who aspires even to the most moderate scholarship, and no one can understand and appreciate them without feeling his own intellectual nature quickened and exalted by the influence which they exert over every faculty with which he is endowed. We are therefore happy to welcome every well-directed endeavor that is made, to render these delightful productions more accessible and more useful to the minds of the classical students of the country.
The edition before us forms an agreable volume of four hundred and fifty
pages, and belongs to the admirable classical series now publishing by Messrs. Appleton & Co.-a series, which taken as a whole, we believe to be preferable to any other issued from the American press. It is founded in part on the English edition of Mr. T. K. Arnold, and both in its well collated text and in its judicious and discriminating notes, it bears the marks of the critical taste and rich professional experience of Professor Johnson, the accomplished editor. In schools and colleges it will undoubtedly take the place of every other edition now in use, and we trust will be a means of awakening new interest in the beautiful oratory which it enshrines, and of extending more widely among the youth of our country, those ennobling studies without which, even amidst the proudest achievements of science, scholarship and high intellectual culture-we had almost said civilization itself-will be likely to dwindle and decline.
The Oration of Æschines against Cleiphon. With Notes. By J. T.
CHAMPLIN, Professor of Greek and Latin in Waterville College. Cambridge. Published by John Bartlett, Bookseller to the University. 1850.
This beautiful edition of an admired classic was laid on our table early in the summer and we intended to review it at length in a preceding number. It has, however, since received an elaborate and commendatory criticism in a contemporary journal, and has become widely and favorably known to classical scholars in all parts of our country. Both the Greek text and the English notes are printed with remarkable clearness and beauty, and the long experience and well-known scholarship of Professor Champlin are a sufficient guarantee that the edition is accurate and well suited to the class of scholars for whom it is designed.
The Theology of the Intellect and of the Feelings. A Discourse, delivered before the Convention
of the Congregational Ministers of Massachusetts, May 30, 1850. By EDWARDS A. PARK, Abbot Professor in the Andover Theological Seminary. Boston: Perkins & Whipple. 1850.
This is a discourse of rare eloquence and power, and before we have had an opportunity of calling to it the attention of our readers, it has been spread before them in the pages of the “ Bibliotheca Sacra,” for July, and in a separate edition, published by Messrs. Perkins and Whipple in Boston. It has been sought for with an eagerness which is seldom awakened by a production of the kind, and has been read with the deepest interest by Christian people in all parts of the land. In paragraphs of earnest and glowing rhetoric, it presents views, which, however bold and startling they may at first appear, will, we are persuaded, commend themselves to thoughtful minds as in the main just and sound. Such a discourse could have proceeded only from a fearless and independent thinker, and it will have a tendency both to improve the style of preaching among ministerg and to unite the disciples of Christ of every name, by the ties of those common sympathies and common feelings, which are inspired by the sublime truths and the affecting scenes contained in the gospel narrative. We have been wholly unable to detect the latent heresy, which some of the newspaper critics profess to have found in the doctrines it contains, while we freely confess ourselves fascinated by the vigorous English and the rich and varied illustrations in which these doctrines are enforced. We should be glad, both as readers and hearers, frequently to meet with sermons, breathing the same spirit and possessing the same inherent power.
Genrge Castriot, surnamed Scanderberg, King of Albania. By CLEMENT
c. Moore, LL. D. New-York : D. Appleton & Co. Philadelphia, Geo. S. Appleton. 1850.
This work, from the pen of ex-President Moore, late of Columbia College, narrates the story of that remarkable Grecian Prioce, who in the fifteenth century so successfully withstood the arms of the Turks, and for a time delayed the appointed doom of the Eastern Empire. The story has been before told by Knolles, in his “ History of the Turks," and referred to by Gibbon, in the “ History of the Decline and Fall of Roman Empire," but it has never before been so fully presented in a modern English style. The exploits of Scanderberg in his campaigns against the Ottomans, forma an interesting passage in the history of the middle ages, and the manner in which they are here narrated by Mr. Moore, will attract the attention of the reader, and abundantly reward a diligent perusal of the work.
English Grammar. The English Language in its Elements and forms,
with a History of its origin and development. Designed for use in Schools. By William C. Fowler, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst Col lege. New-York: Harper & Brothers. 8vo, pp. 675.
This book is an earnest effort in the right direction. It is a higher work on the grammar of our language, designed for students at that stage in their studies where grammar is generally abandoned, and as a help to teachers who desire to qualify themselves for their vocation by keeping always in advance of their pupils. It is unhappily and strangely the fact that the knowledge of our own language, of its origin, its structure, its forms, is among the branches of knowledge which are most superficially taught in our schools, and even in our colleges. Mr. Fowler seems to have been impressed with this fact, and we have mistaken the effect of his book, or it will perform an important part in working a remedy. We are glad to see within a brief compass the history of our language, illastrated by examples culled from the writers of successive ages. The provincialisms cited are curious as illustrating what has often been remarked, that the English language is more universally well-spoken in this country than in England. We have local peculiarities and offensive vulgarisms; but we have no such intolerable jargon as may be found in different counties in the mother country. We have reason to be proud of our distinction in this particular. What we need is such a knowledge of our language as shall make better writers, and this need is nowhere more noticeable than in many graduates of our colleges. More sins lie at the doors of our professors of rhetoric than can justly be laid to the charge of all other professors combined. We trust that this aid to reform from one of their brethren will stimulate them to good works.
The book before us is divided into eight parts. The first treats of the origin and history of our language, the second of its phonology, and the remaining six of its orthographical, etymological, logical, syntactical, rhetorical and poetical forms.
At a future day we hope to present to our readers an extended review of this work.
EDWARD H. FLETCHER, of New York, has given the earnest of a complete edition of Dr. Alexander Carson's works, in his Knowledge of Jesus the Most Excellent of the Sciences. It is gratifying to know that such a book is well received. Marked by the usual defects of Dr. Carson's writings, its style is diffuse, sometimes careless, but it has those sterling excellences likewise which are characteristic of him ;-it presses
towards its object with the utmost intenseness, and establishes its conclusions with irresistible force. Its design is to show that all true speculation leads to the peculiar truths of the Christian system,-that man gropes in darkness, ignorant of God and of himself, until he finds God in Christ, and his own high destiny in an obedient faith. It is a book to be commended to all classes of readers. The American Sunday-School Union has published a superb 12mo edition of The Life of Luther; with Special Reference to its Earlier Periods, and the Opening Scenes of the Reformation. By Barnas Sears, D. D. This volume has received the unqualified praise of able critics. Dr. Sears has made Luther a study for many years, and in these pages has embodied the results of all previous investigations, especially of those later ones which have illustrated the earlier portions of the Reformer's life. From the year 1517 to 1546, Luther's own letters, which are voluminous and full of details, are mado a principal source from which the materials of this work are drawn. These Dr. Sears has studied with patient care, and the results of his labors may be received with confidence. The same association has issued the second part of the Rev. Charles Overton's Cottage Lectures on Pilgrim's Progress, entitled Christiana and her Children. Mr. Overton's Lectures have been much approved for their lucid exhibitions of evangelical truth. We have seldom read any practical religious work with greater advantage than his Lectures on Pilgrim's Progress. -Gould, Kendall & Lincoln have published a work entitled Mothers of the Wise and Good, by Jabez Burns, D. D., which, without being specially profound or original, abounds in illustrations of maternal influence, and is ada pted to do great good.Tickpor, Reed & Fields have published the Confessions of an Opium-Ealer, aud Suspiria de Profundis, by Thomas De Quincey, with the intimation of their intention to issue, at intervals, a complete collection of Mr. De Quincey's writings, uniform with this handsome volume. Mr. De Quincey has written largely for periodicals, and some of his performances, such as the memoirs of Pope and Shakspeare, in the Encyclopædia Britannica, have distinguished merit. The Confessions, published in the London Magazine, in 1822, and detailing the author's personal experience as an opium-eater, with the struggles and sufferings of his deliverance, form a work as unlike all other books as the state of mind in which an opium-eater lives is uplike the ordinary experiences of mankind. The character of the work is well-known, and its striking singularity will attract numerous readers for long years to come.
-Buker & Scribner have lately issued several new works, some of which are of a bigh order. The Paradise Lost, by John Milton, with Notes, Explanatory and Critical. By Rev. James Robert Boyd. It is too true, as stated in the “ reasons" for preparing this edition, that though the Paradise Lost is found on the shelves of every domestic library, and lying in beautiful bindings on every centre-table, it is read by a few only, and by the most of that few is but imperfectly understood. There are reasons for this in the inverted style, in the learned allusions, and in the boundless range of the poet's thoughts; but these difficulties yield to patient effort, and must be overcome in order to appreciate this great masterwork of man. To enable the reader to triumph over these difficulties ; to put him into possession of the thoughts which sprung forth from the teeming mind of Milton, and clothed themselves at his will in language beautiful, stately, and overpowering, is the design of this work. It has been prepared as a labor of love, and with a generous enthusiasm. The editor has mude diligent use of all previous annotations, and given liberally his own suggestions. We have not followed him far, but we have satisfied ourselves that the most of those who talk of admiring Milton would know far more of what they admire, by studying faithfully this edition. It is.