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the alumni and friends of the institu- the Harvard Corporation and overtion, as exceedingly favorable for its seers, may receive into their classes usefulness and wide influence. The students in the Divinity School and terms agreed upon by the Andover post-graduate department; and in some trustees and the Harvard Corporation cases undergraduates; and courses preserve the "autonomy and indepen- thus taken may be counted for Hardence” of the seminary. They affirm vard degrees. On the other hand, Anthat “the organization of the seminary dover students may, with the approval shall be maintained without change, of their faculty, take courses under the all its trusts being executed as at pres- professors in the Divinity School and ent.” The trustees affirm, in their final

in the Department of Arts and Sciaction in removing the seminary, taken ences. This gives both unity and dion the twelfth day of March, 1908: versity to their theological discipline, “The terms of alliance involve no and provides excellent instruction in change in the charter, constitution, or every department which any man preganization or independent status of the paring for the ministry may feel that seminary." As from the first, the pro he needs. Besides this, the great librafessors are elected by the board of ries and other facilities of the univer

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trustees and confirmed or rejected by sity are open to Andover teachers and the board of visitors, and Harvard students, upon the same terms upon University has no part in their nomi which they are offered to those connation or election to the Andover fac- nected with the university. They enulty. The seminary will own land and joy also all the educational and social buildings in Cambridge, and will have privileges and the opportunities for ample accommodations for all its Christian culture and service which work. The faculty controls the studies close contact with the varied and inof all Andover students, and every can- . spiring life of a university town and didate for its degree must take at least the centre of a great population offers. one course under each Andover pro Nearly a year and a half have passed fessor, and his choice of other courses since the professors of Andover Semmust be approved by the Andover fac- inary began to give instruction under ulty.

these conditions in Cambridge-a peAt the same time, the affiliation with riod long enough to make somewhat Harvard University is quite complete. definite impressions, and to provide Andover professors, when approved by some data for forming opinions con

cerning the probable outcome of this callings. The seminary is certainly experiment. It may be profitable to put fulfilling the hope of its founders if it certain facts and impressions on record. trains such men to become intelligent

The reception which has been given leaders and members of the Christian to the Andover men by those con- churches, and quickens in them the nected with the Harvard Divinity passion for Christian service. School, and by all officers of the uni Sixteen months of actual experience versity with whom they have had to may not demonstrate the wisdom of do, has been most cordial and gratify- this change, or prove that Andover in ing. They have been treated, not as Cambridge is to render so large a serstrangers, nor even as guests, but as vice in the future as it has rendered in members of one household, working its illustrious past. But this brief extogether for one common end. There perience has quieted fears and kindled has been no evidence of anxiety or sus hopes in the minds and hearts of all picion, and no suggestion that any the- who have shared in it. When the new ological instructor should feel the least building is done and occupied; when limitation or embarrassment in teach- the library is removed and the work of ing his own views in his own way. the seminary thoroughly organized; They have been made to feel that they when the friends of the seminary have share fully in all the religious and in- learned where to find it, and the semtellectual opportunities of the univer- inary can make abundant provision for sity. During this period, in which the their reception and entertainment, seminary has had no building of its there is reason to anticipate a large inown, the Divinity School has opened crease in its influence and usefulness. its lecture rooms to their classes, and It is the confident hope of those conprovided rooms for Andover students nected with it that it may not only inin its dormitory.

struct a goodly number of young men During the first year, as was antici- to become, as its pious founders hoped, pated, the number of students regis- "learned and able defenders of the gostered as Andover students was small— pel of Christ,” but will also be a centre but five names appear in the catalogue. from which inspiration and instruction But the Andover professors gave in- shall go forth to the churches and to struction to twenty-four men, a larger men already in the ministry. It is exnumber than has appeared in their pected that its library will attract classes since the year 1900. This year scholars, and will continue to render eleven are enrolled, and from thirty to increasing service to the pastors of forty are receiving instruction. The New England churches, and that much majority of these expect to enter the may be done in the way of seminary ministry. Others, post-graduate and extension to increase the knowledge undergraduate students in the univer- and stimulate and guide the labors of sity, will enter other professions and ministers and other Christian workers.

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A MEMORIAL HOSPITAL FOR INFANTS

AS A CENTRE OF EDUCATION FOR THE STUDY OF

EARLY LIFE

By THOMAS MORGAN ROTCH, M. D.

N connection with a national move- most incredible, that the wonderful ment directed especially to child discoveries in matters scientific and

labor, which has been growing in the almost miraculous application of strength throughout the country for such discoveries for the use, comfort the past few years, a number of ques- and good of developed human beings tions of an allied nature have arisen have for centuries been carried on with and have come into prominence. In ever-increasing impetus, while so little order to understand these questions as brain work has been applied to developa whole, and to see clearly to what ing the very hands that must take they are gradually leading, we should charge of all these discoveries in the study the entire field covered by child future. life. We should then take up each fac The world is more ignorant totor of the child problem, and thus pre- day of the beginning of its own living pare the way for arriving at the de- kind than it was of inanimate nature sired goal, which is manifestly vital, a century ago. Millions of dollars are not only for the rights of the child it- expended on inventing and developing self, but for the performance of our a complicated piece of machinery duties toward the world in general, by which in cotton mills or steel plants wisely training young human beings will bring comfort and luxury, work to be physically and mentally good and profit to developed men and citizens.

women. Brains and money without There is no question but that thou- limit are expended on scientific obsersands of children throughout our land vations of the heavens to gratify, have, for many years, been treated sometimes perhaps practically, the cushamefully, and that this is still going riosity of developed man. on at the present time. If we intelli Money without stint and ingenious gently look at the different stages of a brains are being devoted to explorachild's life, from the time when it is tions of the air, of extreme interest and born until it has become an adult, we satisfaction to individual scientists and cannot but be struck with the almost pleasure-seekers, but of questionable brutal inadequacy of the time and at- world utility. Millions, again, are betention given to these stages. We also ing expended on naval armaments to shall appreciate how neglected is the satisfy the pride of nations in overstudy of the best methods to protect, awing other nations.

The pleasure by efficient research and the wise adap- and self-satisfaction of the adult man tation of such research, a being, who are well supplied with money and absolutely helpless at birth and al- thought for the development and proways at our mercy for good or evil, tection of art, of music, and of luxurihas by the laws of nature come into ous transit on land and water. Finally, our power.

millions are expended all over the It is extraordinary, and, in fact, al- world for founding and expensively

supporting hospitals for the care and ate mortality of young human beings, cure of disabled adults.

have been neglected to a marked deA remarkable anomaly in the world's gree. record, however, is shown if we com From a humanitarian point of view pute how much of the world's money this is to be wondered at. From a and brains have been expended on that utilitarian standpoint it would seem intricate marvel, the human infant, that the world must be infant blind. without which the world would have We can never know that a sick baby, in it little of comparative value. however feeble or immature, is not

Is it not, then, inconceivable that the one who may become, if its life be preinventive genius and wealth of adults served, one of the greatest scientists or are not directed to the preservation of practical benefactors of future generayoung human beings, heirs to the tions. world's discoveries and final arbiters To train and wisely guide young huof the world's progress?

man beings through the different peVery little extended study and real riods of their lives, from birth to comresearch work on early life has been pleted development, would surely each done in the world in comparison with year save the world millions of exsuch study and research work in al- penditure. Weaklings, by their lack most every branch of utilitarian in- of resisting power, are a tax on the vestigation. The infant at birth is so community in which they live. Even frail, is so easily affected to its detri- if they happen to have been born ment by new external influences and with normal tissues, they have had dies so easily, that we would suppose those tissues so injured by ill-advised that every means would be employed systems of feeding and education that for protecting its life in the wisest way they become easily vulnerable to disfor our own future use and our own ease. As citizens they are handipersonal ambitions.

capped and prevented from aiding and There is no question but that the protecting their fellow-men by that real scientific study of young human be- abnormal metabolism of brain and ings, as to their anatomy, physiology, body which can destroy the usefulness vitality, resisting power, vulnerability of the best mental capacity. to disease, recuperative power and re Witness the ravages of the hookaction to treatment, has been neglected worm among the children of the South, to a great degree in the past. It cer- the terrible death rate from infant feedtainly has not to any degree kept pace ing on impure milk and patent foods, with the exhaustive research work and and the opening of portals to tucareful analytical study which have berculosis in factories, schools, mines been, and are being to-day, carried out and other improper surroundings. on adults. Fully equipped adult hos In no other philanthropic work is pitals are continually being supplied there such a self-evident need of a with funds to cover the expense of greater knowledge of all the factors of their free beds, and endowments are the problem as in the protection of continually forthcoming to allow of early life. Following the general rule the most costly operating theatres and that the real research work and study research laboratories.

of early life for its eventual good has On the other hand, very little money for centuries been neglected, the huhas been forthcoming for the building manitarian, educator and philanthroand endowment of hospitals devoted pist seek to govern the child's life, each to the young, or to special libraries in his own way. devoted to all that pertains to early So long as physicians continue to life.

take the responsibility of feeding inThe feeding and nutrition of in- fants without understanding what imfants, the study of which has so much mense strides have been made in the to do with the very high proportion- modern research work connected with

the adaptation of foodstuffs to early probably not be successful in accomlife, just so long will the death rate of plishing the desired end, namely, a infancy remain alarmingly and un- proper protection and governing of early necessarily high. So long as women life as preparatory to later usefulness. and men, who are not fitted by long As physicians well know, from their years of especial training, attempt to especial research work in development, deal with questions relating to the children in different parts of our counmental and physical welfare of early try are subject to different conditions, life, just so long will the rules in the and it is the wise adaptation of the schools and laws for the restraint of conditions to the individual which will child labor be inadequate, insufficient, do the most good for the especial child. unsatisfactory and plainly wrong. When The whole curriculum for governing a each class of child guardians realizes human being in its progress from inthat others should be consulted in their fancy to adult life, whether as to food, own lines or research, and that all must kindergarten, school, physical training, then combine in one common cause, in and out door occupation, technical the intelligent protection of early life, then school, college or terminal vocation,

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may we hope to control and finally should be adapted to the individual, eradicate the various systems of edu- and a universal curriculum for children cation and work which are now under- in general should not be countenanced mining the health of children.

as it is to-day. If the people in general understood In this sense a state should wisely the situation of the child question in arrange its laws to suit the conditions all of its details, as has been stated in which exist within its own borders. this short exposition of a very large Otherwise much time will be wasted subject, there would probably not be by the individual child, surrounded by much difficulty in doing away with ex- certain conditions, and forced to subisting wrongs.

scribe to rules made wise by an enGeneral national laws emanating tirely different environment. from those who are not trained scien- To the end that great reforms should tifically to cope with humane ques- be made in the management of child tions which they have at heart will life, capitalists should give the re

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