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From the County of Putnam. Benjamin B. Benedict.

From the County of Queens. Wessell S. Smith.

From the County of Rensselaer. Amos K. Hadley, Joseph Gregory. David S. McNamara,

From the County of Richmond. George H. Cole.

From the County of Rockland. John A. Haring.

From the County of St. Lawrenee. Bishop Perkins,

Phineas Attwater. Henry Barber,

From the County of Saratoga. Joseph Daniels,

Thomas C. Morgan. From the County of Schenectady. David Caw.

From the County of Schoharie. Thomas Smith,

Elisha Hammond. From the County of Seneca. Ansel Bascom.

From the County of Steuben. William Hunter,

William Diven, Hiram Chapman,

From the County of Suffolk. Henry Landon,

John L. Smith. Froin the County of Sullivan. William B. Wright.

From the County of Tioga. Charles R Barstow.

From the County of Tompkins. Henry W. Sage,

Samuel Lawrence. From the County of Ulster. Jacob H. De Witt, John D. L. Montange.

From the County of Warren. John Hodgson, 2d.

From the County of Washington. Samuel McDoual, Adolphus F. Hitchcock.

From the County of Wayne. Israel R. Southard, Samuel Moore.

From the County of Westchester. James E. Beers,

Ezra Marshall. From the County of Wyoming. Arden Woodruff.

From the County of Yates. Nehemiah Raplee.

On Charitable and Religious Societies. Mr. Crosby,

Mr. Southard, Mr. S. Moore,

Mr. Benedict. Mr. Orton,

On Agriculture. Mr. Beckwith,

Mr. McGonegal, Mr. Lawrence,

Mr. Temple. Mr. Vanderbilt,

On Expiring Laws. Mr. Weeden,

Mr. Brown, Mr. Crowley,

Mr. Lakin. Mr. Daniels,

On Public Printing. Mr. Orton,

Mr. Howe, Mr. Diven,

Mr. Henderson. Mr. C. J. Green,

On Expenditures in the Executive Deparlment. Mr. Bloss,

Mr. M. Pratt, Mr. Peck,

Mr. Haring. Mr. Gray,

On Expenditures of the Assembly. Mr. Russell,

Mr. Fuller, Mr. McDoual,

Mr. Landon. Mr. Van Valkenburgh,

Joint Library Commiltee. Mr. Sage,

Mr. Allaben, Mr. Sonthard,

Mr. Heaton. Mr. J. Lawrence Smith,

STATE OFFICERS. N. S. Bexton, Secretary of State. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, Deputy Secretary of State. Azariah C. Flagg, Comptroller. Philip Phelps, Deputy Comptroller. BENJAMIN Exos, Treasurer. John VAN BEUREN, Attorney General. Hugh Halsey, Surveyor General.

On Railroads. Mr. Leavens,

Mr. Maxwell, Mr. Wenman,

Mr. Hodgson. Mr. Wright,

On Banks and Insurance Companies. Mr. Hadley,

Mr. Maxwell, Mr. Crosby,

Mr. Gallup. Mr. Dewitt,

On Two-third Bills. Mr. Bascom,

Mr. Carpentier, Mr. W. 8. Smith,

Mr. Cole. Mr. Shaw,

On Colleges, Academies and Common Schools. Mr. Burchard,

Mr. Watson, Mr. Woodruff,

Mr. Chapman. Mr. Beers,

On Grievances. Mr. Dean,

Mr. S. J. Davis, Mr. McNamara,

Mr. Hammond. Mr. N. B. Smith,

On Privileges and Elections. Mr. T. Smith,

Mr. Watson, Mr. Upham,

Mr. Raplee. Mr. Woodruff,

On Petitions of Aliens. Mr. Adams,

Mr. Small, Mr. Skeele,

Mr. Alling. Mr. Hodgson,

On Erection and Division of Towns and Counties. Mr. Treadwell,

Mr. Chandler, Mr. Bowdish,

Mr. Rutherford. Mr. T. Green,

On Claims. Mr. Beers,

Mr. Marks, Mr. Barstow.

Mr. Soper. Mr. Treadwell,

On Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties. Mr. Curry,

Mr. S. J. Davis, Mr. J. Davis,

Mr. Chandler. Mr. McWhorter,

On Medical Societies and Colleges. Mr. Sill,

Mr. Hunter, Mr. W. H. Pratt,

Mr. Davison. Mr. J. B. Smith,

On Incorporation of Cities aud Villages. Mr. Blodgett,

Mr. Morgan, Mr. Taylor,

Mr. Barber. Mr. Barstow,

On the Manufacture of Salt. Mr. Bell,

Mr. Atwater, Mr. Prinule,

Mr. Garrison. Mr. Keyser,

On Trade and Manufactures. Mr. McFarlan,

Mr. Van Valkenberg, Mr. Butrick,

Mr. Candee. Mr. Upham,

On State Prisons. Mr. Rathbun,

Mr. Hadley, Mr. Gould.

Mr. Walsh. Mr. McFarlin,

On Engrossed Bills. Mr. Caw,

Mr. Chatfield, Mr. Earl,

Mr. Sickles. Mr. Crocker,

On Mililia and Public Defence. Mr. Fullerton,

Mr. Morgan, Mr. Hubbard,

Mr. Bowie, Mr. McDoual,

On Roads and Bridges. Mr. Lee,

Mr. Allaben, Mr. D. Moore,

Mr. Marshall. Mr. Sherman,

On Public Lands. Mr. S. Moore,

Mr. Miller, Mr. Pierce,

Mr. Emmans. Mr. D. L. Montanye,

On Indian Affairs. Mr. Hubbard,

Mr. Tillinghast, Mr. Gregory,

Mr. Stewart. Mr. Boyden,

PREROGATIVE OF MERCY. Governor Young has granted a pardon to the Anti-Renters confined in the State Prison, and they have been set at liberty. The exercise of the pardoning power is vested in the Executive, and he is accountable to a higher power than man for its exercise.

There are none of our species, no not one that can hope for future happiness except by the exercise of the pardoning power by that Being who is the CREATOR and GOVERNOR of the universe, and he who denies it to others has no claim to ask pardon for himself. No doubt, every one of the unfortunate men convicted in Delaware and Columbia Counties regretted the commission of the act for which they respectively suffered, and no doubt will hereafter be careful how they give offence. Many a fond wise, anxious parent and dear brother and sister has been made glad by their release. Governor Young will find a softer pillow, sweeter sleep, and in his feeble state of health an increased consolation in the accomplishment of this work of mercy and of clemency.

OFFICERS OF THE ASSEMBLY. Philander B. Prindle, Clerk, Congress Hall. William E, Mills, Deputy Clerk. Carlton. Friend W. Humphrey, do., 203 State Street, Edgar A. Barber, do. Delavan House. Daniel B. Davis, Sergeant, &c. Broadway House. Asa W. Carpenter, Doorkeeper, Franklin House, Dewitt C. Crooker, Assistant do., Carlton House. Robert Grant, do. do., American Hotel.



Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Wright,

Mr. Perkins, Mr. T. Smith,

Mr. J. Lawrence Smith. Mr. Blodgett,

On Canals. Mr. Cornwell,

Mr. Hitchcock, Mr. Carpenter,

Mr. Baker. Mr. Sage,

On the Judiciary. Mr. Burnell,

Mr. Develin, Mr. Shumway,

Mr. Fenno, Mr. Pottle,

Mr. Flanders. Mr. Balcolm,

LEGISLATIVE POWER. The Senate and Assembly of this State cannot delegate legislative power to any man or body of men except in the single case provided for in section 17 of art. 3 of the Constitution, which authorises the Legislature of the State to delegate local legislative power to Supervisors of Counties.

As well might the Executive Delegate the Pardoning Power, or the power to approve, or veto bills passed by the Legislature.

The absence of any provision in the Constitution to authorise the Senate and Assembly of this State to delegate legislative power to Common Councils of Cities, is clear, and besides this, there is an implied restriction in the provision of section 17 of art. 3, as to Common Councils of Cities, in the reason that that section makes express provision for delegating such power to Boards of County Supervisors.

Sec. 17.


proper and necessary laws for the imposi- sion after the adoption of this ConstituEXTRAORDINARY PETITION

tion, assessment, and collection of the city tion, shall appoint three commissioners, For unlimited and unrestricted increase of power to taces on any property, real and personal, whose duty it shall be to reduce into a be given to the Corporation of the City of Nero-York.

in the city: for the regulation and collec- written and systematic code the whole TO THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, &c. tion of the city revenue, and all moneys | body of the law of this State, or so

much and such parts thereof as to the Respectfully represents That an act was passed due to the city ; for the care, regulation by the Legislature of this state, at its last Session, improvement and sale of the city proper

said commissioners shall seem practica

ble and expedient. And the said comvention at the City Hall, in said City, on the first ty, real and personal ; for the laying out Monday of July last, “for forming a new or revising making, opening, widening, regulating,

missioners shall specify such alterations and amending the present Charter of the City of and keeping in repair all streets, roads,

and amendments therein as they shall and assembled in Convention on the said first Mon- bridges, ferries, public places and grounds, deem proper, and they shall at all times day of July last, and applied themselves diligently to wharves, docks, piers, slips, sewers, wells, make reports of their proceedings to the the discharge of the important duties devolved upon

Legislature, when called upon to do so ; them. That by reason of the length of time occupied and alleys, and for making the assessby the Convention in preparing said amendments, the ments therefor; for regulating and col

and the Legislature shall pass laws reConvention did not complete this work until on the lecting whárfage, dockage, and cranage gulating the tenure of office, the filling

of vacancies therein, and the compensaone week before the last annual election at which from and upon all waier craft, and all said amendments were to be voted upon ; that the goods landed ; for licensing and regula

tion of the said commissioners ; and

shall also provide for the publication of mode and manner in which said amendments should ting all such vehicles, TRADES, ARTS, be voted on, through inadvertence were never pub- OCCUPATIONS, PROFESSIONS, the said code, prior to its being presenlished, and at the time of the election a large number and EMPLOYMENTS as the public ted the Legislature for adoption. of our citizens were unacquainted with the character

Art. 3., Sec. 16. of said amendments, and the manner of voting on good may require, and for revoking such the same, consequently, great misapprehension pre- licenses ; for regulating the arriving, No private or local bill, which may be vailed in relation to said unendments, thereby prej landing, bonding, and commutation of passed by the Legislature, shall embrace yote was therefore polled upon said amendments, passengers ; and all such other laws for the more than one subject, and that shall be being 13,457 out of a vote cast at said election, amoun

management, good government, and expressed in the title. ting in all to 44,769. Your memorialists believe that a very general sen

general welfare of said city, as are or timent prevails in favor of said amendments, and that may not be prohibited by or inconsistent The Legislature may confer upon the if the same were again submitted to the Electors with the constitution of the United States, they would be adopted by a large vote.

boards of supervisors of the several Your Memorialist therefore pray:

that your honor

or the constitution of this State, or any counties of the State, such further powable body will pass an act submitting said amend

said amend. law'thereof; and to affix penalties to the ers of local legislation and administraments to the Electors of this City, to be voted on at a Special Election, to be held on the first Tuesday of

violation of any city law, but such penal- | tion, as they shall from time to time February next, and if the same shall be approved of ties shall in no instance exceed imprison- prescribe. by a majority of votes then cast, and subsequently ment in the city prison for sixty days and

Art 8., Sec. 9. ratified by the Legislature, that the same shall thenceforth be part of the Charter of the City of a fine of two hundred and fifty dollars. It shall be the duty of the Legislature New-York.

From Page 13.

to provide for the organization of cities Dated New-York, Jan. 2nd, 1847.

“Ş 22. All such parts of the charter and incorporated villages, and to restrict BENJ. F. SHERMAN, J. H. M COUN, A. G. ROGERS, LEWIS H. SANDFORD,

of the city of New-York, and the several their power of taxation, assessment, borJAMES W. TITUS, WM. WESTON,

acts of the Legislature amending or in rowing money, contracting debts and R. EMMET,

G. DE BEVOISE, any manner affecting the same, as are loaning their credit, so as to prevent P. MILSPAUGH, JAMES S. SANDFORD,

inconsistent with this act are hereby reJ. H. GRAHAM,

abuses in assessments, and in contractREMARKS.

pealed, but so much and such parts there- ing debt by such municipal corporations. 595 and 596, ante., is a of as are not inconsistent with this act

Art. 7., Sec. 13. good, very good Charter, drawn by the such parts thereof as are not inconsisare hereby repealed, but so much and

Every law which imposes, continues Hon. STEPHEN ALLEN, at his own ex

or revives a tax, shall distinctly state the tent with the provisions of this law, shall pense—whereas this Convention Charter not be construed as repealed, altered,

tax and the object to which it is to be apcost the City $15,000, and besides that, modified, or in any form affected there

plied; and it shall not be suffieient to itis worse than useless-it is ruinous. by ; but shall continue and remain in

refer to any other law to fix such tax or Extracts from the amendments of the city charter full force and virtue.

object. from the official copy published by the city convention.

Art, 12., Sec. 2.
§ 23. Whencver any amendment to
From page 3 to 5.
this charter shall have been passed by a

All county officers whose election or
vote of two-thirds of the members elec-

appointment is not provided for, by this " And continue to exercise and enjoy ted to each board, it may be submitted

Constitution, shall be elected by the all the rights, immunities, powers, privi- to the electors of the city, and if appro

electors of the respective counties, or leges and franchises heretofore und hithved of by a majority of them at any

appointed by the boards of supervisors, .

or other county authorities, as the Legiser to make all needful laws, by-laws, and general or charter election, it shall be

lature shall direct. All city, town and come a part of the city charter. regulations for the municipal government The amended Charter is on pages

village officers.” &c. of said city, and for the laying, assess

See Constitution, ante. p. 625. 614 to 618, this series. See sec. 15 of ing, and collecting all taxes necessary for Art. 2, page 616 five first lines of Sec.

The ninth, fifteenth, seventeenth, nineteenth, twenthe payment of the expenses of the city 17, same page.

ty-sixth, and twenty seventh sections of Art. 2, of the

amendments of the City Charter are highly objectiongovernment.

EXTRACTS FROM THE STATE CONSTITU. able for which sections see ante. pages 615 and 616. From pages 8 and 9.


There are numerous other sections that are bad, ". The common council shall have power,

Art. 1., Sec. 17.

and indeed very bad. The amendments in the whole

are worthess, Mr. Allen's amendments, see ante. and it shall be their duty, to pass all And the Legislature, at its first ses

pages 595 and 596, are millions of times better.



Letter to His Excellency Gov. Young To Owners of Real Estate in the

City of New-York, January 25, 1847. City of New-York; to Merchants To His Excellency John Young,

Governor of the State of New-York. in the City of New York ;—to the Dear sir,—The undersigned have been informed,

that a Bill has been passed by the Senate, and sent to Officers of Incorporated Compa- the Assembly for their concurrence, providing that

the amendments to the New York City Charter renies ;—to men of all Trades, Pro

cently adopted by the City Convention, and subsefessions and Employments ;-to

quently rejected by the People, shall be again submitted to the same people, at a special election, to be

held for that purpose. Merchants throughout the State

A printed copy of the amendments, published by sending Produce to New York, authority of said City Convention, is herewith, and

the undersigned desire to call your attention to the and to the State Canal Commis- provisions of section 1, on pages 3 and 4, as under

scored, to that portion of section 11, on pages 8 and sioners, &c. &c.......EXAMINE 9, underscored ; also to section 22 and 23, on page

13; and also to the third paragraph on page 83, in the THE FOLLOWING

address of the Members of the Convention to the

People. AMENDMENTS TO THE NEW-YORK The undersigned refer you to the act entitled “ An

Act to provide for calling a Convention in relation to CITY CHARTER.

the Charter of the City of New-York, passed May 9, Tax on Country Produce; License

1846," and to section 1 of that act, which provides for

a special election on the 1st day of June, 23 days required for all persons doing busi- thereafter, for delegates, as providing a very short

notice for so important a matter. ness ; Power to make penal laws

The undersigned are informed that but few votes and enforce them by fine and im- were polled at said election.

The undersigned again call your attention to the prisonment, see sec. 11, pg. 614, provision of sec. 22 and 23 of page 13 of the amendante. Merchants to make written inents in connection with the provisions of the New

Constitution. statements of their business. See The arbitrary exercise of power by the Corporation

of the City of New-York has been, and justly comsec. 3, p. 657, ante. Ist column ;

plained of, and that body should be restrained by leControl over all Incorporated Com- gislative enactments, as provided in sec. 9, of art, 8,

of the Constitution. panies doing business in the city

The undersigned express the opinion that the trade of New-York. See Sec. 11 of pg: jured by the grant of powers contained in section 11,

and commerce of the City of New-York would be in614, ante. Unlimited power of of pages 8 and 9; that a wharf tax on goods, and import Taxation, same section; Wharf

tax on passengers, would not only be vexatious,

but would also be injurious to its trade and comTax to be collected by the Police. merce, and that an unlimited authority to the Corpo

ration to assess taxes will be a dangerous power to See Report of Committee, p. 620. confer on that boily, and should not be granted. Corporation to open streets and The undersigned refer you to the annual message

of the Mayor of New-York, a printed copy of which is make assessments, (See Sec. 11 herewith, and to page 10 of said document, and to of pg. 614, ante.,) and to possess

that portion of it, which is underscored, in relation to

the wharf tax, &c. all the powers ever heretofore at The undersigned ask that your Excellency will be any time possessed. See Sec. 1.

pleased to transmit this cominunication, with the ac

companying documents, to the Honorable the House p. 3 and 4. The whole sovereignty of Assembly, that the Committee to whom the Bill in of the State over this county to be

question has been referred, may have these docu

ments also before them prior to making a report in delegated to the City, to be exer

the premises.

With great respect, cised within its bounds by Sec. 23 Your Excellency's most obedient servants, of page 615.

N. & G. Griswold, Abraham G. Thompson,
Goodhue & Co.,

Grinnels, Minturn & Co., The following provisions are to

John Haggerty,

Brown, Brothers & Co.,

Samuel S. Howland, James G. king & Sons, be found in the amendments

William Bard.

John J. Palmer,
Sturges, Bennet & Co.,

David Leavitt, sed to the New York City Charter,

David Hadden,

A. B. Neilson, for the submission of which, again Anson G. Phelps, Jun., W. E. Dodge,

Charles H. Marshall, N. G. Rutgers. to the People, a bill is now before

On the 27th of January, His ExcELLENCY THE the State Legislature. Several Governor sent a Message to the House of Assembly, tlemen who signed in favor of the

accompanying the above letter and the Documents

referred to therein. bill for again submitting amend

To the Hon. the Legislature of the Stale of Neroments, upon having their attention

York. called to the following provisions, have anclerstood that a bill is pending in your Ilon

, contained therein, have remonstra- body, which authorises the submission of the amend. ted against it, and asked the Legis- People, at a Special Election to be held for that pur

ments of the New-York City Charter again to the ature to withdraw their names from pose. their former memorials in favor.

The undersigned respectfully remonstrate against the passage of the said bill, and hereto annex an offi

cial printed copy of said amendments published by order of the Convention which adopted them, and refer to the very objectionable provisions contained therein, as underscored.

The undersigned refer your Honorable body to the remonstrances and memorials now in the archives of the Senate, presented in 1841, 1842, 1843 and 1844, asking that the Corporation might be restricted from the exercise of arbitrary power. These memorials are very numerously signed and set forth in detail many grievances.

The undersigned refer your Honorable body to section 9 of art. 8, of the Constitution which provides for restrictions upon City Governments. Also to section 17 of article 3, of the Constitution which provides for the delegation of local legislative power to supervisors of Counties and not to Common Councils of Cities, and also to section 16 of article 3, which provides that every Legislative Bill shall set forth in its title the subject and the bill shall embrace but one subject.

The undersigned call the attention of your Ilonorable Body to the provisions the said amendments which authorises the Common Council to assess taxes on real and personal estate, to levy a wharf tax on goods, to regulate the arrival of passengers, to regulate trades, profession, occupations and employments and to pass penal laws as contained in section 11 of page 8 and 9, as being a violation of section 9 of article 8, of the constitution.

The undersigned call your attention to section 23, page 13, as containing an unlimited grant of power wholly inconsistent with the principles of a free government.

The undersigned call your attention to section 22 of page 13, as at variance with the provisions of the Constitution, which requires a codification of the laws of the State.

The undersigned express the opinion that the passage of the Bill to authorise a resubmission of the amendments to the people, would be injurious to the City.

They could point out numerous other objections to the bill, but they deem the present sufficient.

And your Memorialists &c.,

New-York, January 29th, 1847.
William B. Crossby, Peter Lorrillard Jun.,
Anson G. Phelps, Howland & Aspinwall,
Woolsey A. Woolsey, Stacey B. Collins,
E. D. Hurlbut, & Co. C.S. Woodhull,
D. H. Robertson,

Andrew Foster & Son,
Olyphant & Son, Japhet Bishop,
Lawrence & Hicks, Samuel Judd's Sons,
Woodhull & Minturn, John Bridge,
James M.Call,

S. T. Jones, & Co.
Fox & Livingston, Fisher How & Hamilton,
Thomas Hunt & Co., Benkhard & Hutton,
John C. Green.

Josiah L. Hale,
Walter R. Jones, and others.


No. 63.

Feb. 3d, 1847. (G. O. No. 65.) [Engrossedfbill from the Senate-read twice, and referred to the Committee on the incorporation of cities and villages; reported on favorably by Mr. Blodgett, from said committee, with amendments; which with the bill were ordered printed, and the bill committed to the committee of the whole.)

AN ACT To amend the amendments to the charter of the city

of New-York, adopted by the recent Convention of that city; and to submit the same to the electors

thereof, for approval or disapproval. The People of the State of New-York represented in

Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

Section 1. The amendments adopted by the Convention for the purpose of forming anew, or revising and amending the present charter of the city of NewYork, in pursuance of the act of the legislature, entitled

An act to provide for the calling of a convention in relation to the charter of the city of New-York," passed May 9, 1846, are hereby amended by inserting, at the end of section sixteen, of article second thereot, the following proviso: "and provided further, that the chief engineer of the fire department, shall be nominated to the mayor by the tiremen of said


city, in the manner now prescribed by the ordinances thereof."

0 2. The said amendments, so adopted by said convention as hereby amended, shall be submitted to the qualified electors of said city to be voted on at a special election to be held therein, on the second Tuesday of Feb. next; and all laws now in force in reference to the notification, time and manner of holding and conducting elections in said city; and the duties of all officers, and the estimate, canvass, and return of votes, shall apply as far as practicable to said special election; and ihe expense thereof, shall be borne and paid out of the treasury of the city of New: York.

03. At such election, the ballots to be used thereat shall be printed or written, or partly printed, and partly written ; and each ballot shall be endorsed

City Charter," and shall contain on the inside thereof, the word “yes,” or “ no;" and if a majority of the votes cast at such election, shall have thereon the word “yes," the said amendments, as hereby amended, shall be deemed to have been approved by said electors; and if a majority of the votes cast at such election shall have thereon the word “no,” said amendments as hereby amended, shall be deemed to have been rejected by such electors. And it said amendments as hereby amended, shall be adopted by a majority of the votes cast on the question, the same shall be forthwith submitted to the Legislature, at its present session. Ø 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

Offered by Mr. Blodgett.

AMENDMENTS. Made by the Committee on the incorporation of cities and villages, to the engrossed bill from the Senate, entitled An act to amend the amendments to the charter of the city of New-York, adopted by the recent convention of that City, and to submit the same to the electors thereof, for approval or disapproval."

First Amendment. At the end of section first of this act, insert the following:

Also in the first section of article first of said amended charter, strike out the word “laying," also, in the same article, section eleven, after the word duty, insert “ with the consent of the legislature." Also in the same article and section, strike out the word “ imposition." Also in the same article and section, after the word thereof, insert " and the said assessments to be made by a jury of five men, to be drawn for in the same manner that jurors are drawn for in the Court of Common Pleas."

Second Amendment. Also in the same article and section, strike out the words“ for regulating and collecting wharfage, dockage and craneage from and upon all water craft and all goods landed.”

Third Amendment. Also in the same article and section, insert the word “ not,” after the word “ are," and before the word

out after the words heads of departments, “ under such regulations as shall be established by order of the Common Council,” and insert " at public auction, by giving at least ten days public notice thereof, in two newspapers published in said city; and all contracts shall be given to the lowest bidder or bidders, who shall furnish ample security for the performance of the same, to be approved of by the Mayor of said city.

Eighth Amendment. Also in the same article, strike out the “ twentygixth” section.

Ninth Amendment. Also in the third article, section first, strike out the words “ Common Council,” and insert “ Legislature.”

Tenth Amendment. Also in the same article, section four, strike out the words “ Common Council," and insert legislature.

Eleventh Amendment. Also in the same article, section four, strike out the word “ appointment,' and insert “ election.”

Twelfth Amendment. Also in the same article, section ten, strike out the words " in addition to the salary herein provided," and in the second section of the act licreby amended, strike out the following : a special election to be held therein, on the second Tuesday of February next," and insert the following : "the Charter Election in said City on the second Tuesday of April next; also strike out the word “special," where it occurs the second time in said section, and insert the word


Marine Society, the president and vice-president of the New-York Nautical Society, together with six other persons, of whom three shall be, or shall have been, shipmasters ; which six last mentioned persons, shall be chosen annually, by the first named 'six ex-officio trustees.

Ø 3. The trustees so appointed and chosen, shall render their services gratuitously; and shall, on the first Tuesday in June in every year, choose a president, secretary, physician, assistant physician, superintendent and chaplain.

4. The president of the said board of trustees, shall be elected from the board of trustees, shall not receive any salary as president.

Ø 5. No trustee shall be eligible to the office of secretary, physician, assistant physician, or superin. tendent.

0 6. The board of trustees shall appoint nurses and attendants to the hospital or retreat; and shall fix the amount of compensation to be paid them, and pay the same out of the fund collected from the tax upon seamen aforesaid. They shall also, annually fix the amount of salary or compensation to be paid to physician, assistant physician, superintendent, and secretary, which shall be paid out of the fund aforesaid. They shall also make such rules and regulations, for the government of said hospital and retreat, as may, from time to time, be necessary or expedient.

Ø 7. The trustees shall pay to the health commissioner, for the support of all sick and disabled seamen, who may be detained in quarantine, during the time that they are detained in quarantine as aforesaid, and shall remain at the marine hospital; at the rate of twenty-five cents a day, for each seaman so detained.

Ø 8. No part of the funds or moneys arising from the tax on seamen, or which shall be collected by the said board of trustees, by virtue of this act, shall be paid or appropriated to the support, maintenance or relief, of any sick or disabled seaman, or other person, for any time during which he or they shall not be an inmate of said hospital or retreat, excepting in the case provided for by the foregoing section.

9. The necessary expenditures of the said board of trustees, including office rent, fuel and stationery, shall be paid out of the money collected from the said tax on seamen.

Ø 10. All former acts, and sections of acts, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, rre hereby repealed.

Ø 11. This act shall take effect immediately.

Note.-Section 2 should be amended by striking out the words in Italic, and inserting the words the President and Vice-President of the Seamens Savings Bank and the President and the Vice-President of the Seamen's Friend Society.

NO. 42.

FEBRUARY 3, 1847.

(G. O. No. 45.) [Reported by Mr. CLARK, from the committee on

charitable and religious societies—read twice, and committed te the committee of the whole.]

AN ACT In relation to the Seamen's Fund and Retreat in the

city of New-York, and to reduce and equalize the tax on Seamen.

SEAMAN'S BANK OF SAVINGS. BENJAMIN STRONG, President, William Nelson, Secretary, Joseph W. Alsop, Jr., Treasurer. Interest payablo first of January and July. Open daily from 11 to 2 P. M.

Office No. 82 Wall Street.


The People of the State of New-York, represented

in Senate and Assembly do enact as follows : Segtion 1. From and after the passage of this act, the president of the board of trustees of the Seamen's Fund and Retreat in the city of New York, shall demand and receive, and in case of neglect or refusal to pay, shall sue for and recover in the name of the people of this State, the following sums from the master of every vessel that shall arrive at the port of New-York, namely:

From the master of every vessel from a port in the East Indies or the Pacific, for himself, two dollars; for each mate, sailor or mariner, one dollar and fifty cents.

For each master, mate or mariner of every vessel from Africa, or from any port in South America south of the equator, eighty-seven and a half cents.

From each master, mate or mariner of every vessel arriving from any port in Europe. sixty cents.

From every master, mate and mariner of every vessel arriving from South America north of the equator, from the West Indies, and coastwise beyond St. Mary's river, thirty-seven and a-half cents.

From every master, mate and mariner of every vessel arriving from any port in the British Provinces, fifty cents.

From every master, mate and mariner of every vessel sailing under a coasting license, arriving from any port south of Hatteras and north of St. Mary's river, twenty cents per month.

From all other vessels, twenty cents per month.

$ 2. From and after the passage of this act, the trustees of the Seaman's Fund, and Retreat, in the city of New York, shall consist of the following persons, residing in the counties of New York, Kings or Richmond, to wit : the Mayor of the city and county of New-York, the health officer of the port of NewYork, the president and first vice-president of the

Fourth Amendment, Also in the same article, strike out the eighteenth section. Also in the same article, strike out the twenty-third section.

Fifth Amendment. Also in the second article and section nine, strike out the following, " and the City Surveyor, and Assistant City Surveyor, together with the Street Commissioner, or Assistant Street Commissioner, shall be the Commissioners for making all estimates and assessments for opening, widening, grading and altering all avenues and streets, also in the same article and section, after the word “and," and before the word “ shall," insert the word “they."

Sixth Amendment. Also in the same article, and section fifteen, after the word City in the first line of said section, insert “ with the consent of the legislature." Also in the same article, and section nineteen, at the end of the first sentence after the word thereof," insert“ unless appealed from, to the board of supervisors of said City."

Seventh Amendment.
Also in the same article, section twenty two, strike


Edward RICHARDSON, President, John SPAULDING and T. Hale, Secretaries. C. N. Talbot, Treasurer.

Office No. 82 Wall Street.

FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. STOCK OF FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES should be exempt from Taxation. In the City of New-York, thirty millions of property has been destroyed by fire, within twelve years, and the Capitals of Fire Insurance Companies are inadequate to afford protection, and which three Companies had obtained charters, viz: the Merchants’, Manhattan and Guardian, but so unproductive and precarious has this kind of Stock been for years past, that Capitalists will not invest, and only a few public spirited citizens among the great number came forward to subscribe, as a matter of public


EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 25, 1846. A few minutes before 5 o'clock, on the morning of the 25th of August, 1846, the shock of an Earthquake was felt in several sea coast and river towns in Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and in several river towns in Vermont.

I commence with the most distant locality in the North East which I have accounts from and from thence follow the paths of the Earthquake, South West.

Gardner, Maine, on the West side of the Kenebeck and at the mouth of the Cobbeseconte river where there is a fall was the first point shaken ; next, Portland, on Casco Bay which connects with ponds in the interior by a canal.

Portsmouth, N. H., in the Piscataqua River, three miles from the great bay, was shaken. Deerfield, N. H., on Lamprey River, which river connects with tide water at Durham, two miles from the great bay was also shaken.

My correspondent, Hon. Josiah BUTLER, of Deer. field, in a letter written the 26th, next day after this shock, says :-" The most severe of these appeared something like the Earthquake which was felt yesterday, the 25th instant, at 5, A. M., in this State, and as I learn, in some, it not all parts of Massachusetts, striking the Easterly end of the house, and passing off from North East to South West. The earth and buildings were shaken more last November than by the Earthquake yesterday."

Newburyport, Massachusetts, situate on the Merimac River, three miles from the sea, felt the shock for some seconds, from this it passed up the Merimac and all its branches and on the dividing land where the tributaries of the Connecticut and Merimac mingle in their ascending vapours it passed to and down the tributaries of the Connecticut and on reaching that river which discharges its waters into the same ocean from whence it started became extinguished, having traversed the electric circle. It also passed from the tributaries of the Merimac to the tributaries of the Blackstone, and on reaching the Blackstone which also empties into the same ocean from whence it started, it became extinct, unless we allow that the thunder and lightning storm which retraced the same path next day, was its rebound.

I will name the localities it visited on the Merimac and its tributaries. First, Concord, Massachusetts, and Westboro, Massachusetts, both on Concord River, a tributary of the Merimac and on its South side; next Concord, N. H., on the Merimac, thence up the Pimmegewasset, a tributary of the Merimac on the North side to Plymouth, N. H., from thence to and up the Winnepisogee river, a tributary of the Pimmegewasset to Winnepisogee Lake and through that lake to Centre Harbor, N. H. From the Merimac it passed up another tributary on the South side, called the Coonstocook, to Rindge, where a small ridge divides it from the head waters of Millers' River through the union of the vapor of these two streams commingling, it had a conductor down Millars River to Gardner, Athol and Orange, Massachusetts, to the Connecticut River, at Montagu. Another branch of the shock passed from a tributary of the Merimac to the Ashuelot, and gave a shock to the town of Keene, N. H., which is situate upon that stream—from thence it proceeded to Brattelboro, Vt., situate on Connecticut river near the mouth of the Ashuelot, and from thence up the Connecticut to Bellows Falls where it

gave a shock, here

cataract makes much vapor. It also passed down the Connecticut or intersected it through other tributaries. Greenfield, Amherst and Whately on the Connecticut were also shaken, and Buckland on Deerfield River, a tributary of the Connecticut, and finished at Springfield on the Con. necticut, the most South Western point of its track.

On the sea coast, 8. W. of Newbury port it visited Ipswich, and passed up Ipswich River to Wilmington, where it gave a shock.

Next, it visited Danvers and Salem on North River and the sea; next Lynn which is our Saugus River and the sea, thence it passed to Boston, which is on the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River ; to Charlestown, Cambridge, Roxbury, Newton and Dedham, also upon Charles River, to Braintree on the Maniquot a short river which empties into the sea, and last on the South visited Worcester, Massachusetts, which is on the Blackstone, which discharges its waters into Naraganset Bay, here mingling with, or returning to the same ocean from which it came.

From my encampment on the summit of Killing- noted the observations for still shorter periods. My ton Peak I could see the track of Connecticut river place of observation is peculiarly located, being on on the East, and that of Lake of Champlain on the the Heights at the South Western extremity of Long West, and by the vapor arising from their respective Island, which is a body of land surrounded by saltwaters, which were visisible about sun rise, I could water, but on its northern side the continent is not follow those bodies of water in the field of vision. A far distant, and on its southern side is the broad atlanlightning cloud coming from the South West would, on tic, and the nearest land the West India Islands. reaching these respective bodies of vapor, commingle This Island is 140 miles in length with an average with it, and instantly an electric discharge would be breadth of about 16 milesmit extends in a direction produced and break forth in a thunder crash. We from South West to North East, and therefore is in have, I think, an illastration of this at New Haven, the great electric current being a great terrestreal Connecticut, in the thunder storms of the 23rd of needle with my place observation one of its poles. August, and 2nd of September, 1845, which, on At my place of observation are two large Magnereaching that locallity, came in contact with the vapor tic, Meteoric and Electric Wires, which rise high in of three different rivers, which enter New Haven the atmosphere, and terminate in water under the surharbor, and the consequence was that the lightning face of the ground, which reposes in the earth. One struck several houses. The same result was seen at of these points to the North East, and the other to the Rindge, in New Hampshire, on the 30th of July, of South West. That pointing to the North East has a the present year. Here the waters of the tributaries tin tube 12 feet long placed on the top of it—a copper of the Merrimack and Connecticut unite their vapors. wire extends through this tube and projects above it, I have noticed the same results in the marks upon and connects the iron with the tin tube and both with trees struck by lightning on dividing ridges where the the iron wire. The tin tube and iron wire are both water runs in opposite directions.

connected by metalic fastenings with the interior pores The morning of August 25, at the time of this earth

of a living cherry tree, and thus again connect with quake was felt in New England. I was engaged in the earth by its roots, and with the air by its branches, making meteorological records and writing at my &c. This wire extends vertically, about 25 feet from table—the wind was blowing, and the air tolerably which it inclines to the horizontal, and again becomes clear, but no agitation of the ground, as such a distur- vertical. The wire pointing to the South West is bance would have been readily felt by me while vertical for four feet, and then extends nearly in a writing. The state of the temperature on Brooklyn horizontal line 20 feet, and again becomes nearly verHeights, from the 24th to the 28th, inclusive, was as tical for 20 feet, then inclining a little for 16 feet, and follows:

from that becomes vertical 6 feet, capped with tin 24th-To 6 A. M., 67° ; 7, 68 ; 8, 71; 9, 73; 10 inside of which is copper wire. From the centre of to 11, 71 ; 12, 73; 1, 2, 3 and 4, 75 ; vibrating half the two iron wires which are in. in diameter, extend a degree at 5, 74; 6, 71 ; 7, 70; 8, 69 ; 9, 68 ; two lesser iron wires which unite at a distance of 20 10, 66.

feet and support a pendulum of iron to which is ap25th. --4 to 6 A. M., 64 ; 7, 66 ; 8, 67 ; 9 to 10,70;

pended by iron wires a large load-stone from the 11, 12 and 1, 72 ; 2,71; 3 and 4,70; 5 and 6, 68; 7, Magnetic Cove in Arkansas, and this load stone is at66.1; 8, 65; 9, 641.

tached to a spirit guage graduated to Farenheit's 26th.-4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, 58 ; 9, 59; 10, 60 ; 11, scale, which marks the equilibriums and the changes 59 ; 12, 62 ; 1, 64 ; 2, 3, and 4, 65 ; 5, 66 ; 6, 65; 7, -three feet from this and at the same altitude, and 65 ; 8, 64; 9, 63 ; 10, 621; 11, 621. Equilibrium. with the same exposure, hangs a common thermome

27th.--4 A. M., to 6 A. M., 621; 7, 65 ; 8, 65% ; ter which marks by the same scale of Farenheit, the 9, and 10, 67 ; 11, 67); 12, 70; 1,731; 1 30,74; 2, temperature of the atmosphere. These wires have and 3, 75.}; 4, 75; 5, 74; 6, 725 ; 7, 71 ; 8, 69 ; been thoroughly tested, and have been found to indi. 9, 69.

cate most accurately terestial and aerial disturbances, 28th.-4, 5, 6, and 7, 690. Equilibrium.

when neither the state of the barometer or ther

mometer indicated any change. The wires very at 15 minutes past 8, A. M. on the 25th, and from 9 frequently differ greatly from the thermometer in to 11, A. M., on the 26th.

marking the extent of a change. Wednesday August 26, a lightning storm passed I was led to make and record my observations over Westboro, Natick, Milton, Boston, Salem and hourly, and during the existence of thunder storms Beverly, Massachusetts from S. W. to N. E. At still more frequently, by noticing in April 1845, that Beverly the Magnetic Wires were struck and near the earthquakes experienced at the City of Mexico 20 of the posts destroyed. At Natick, a barn was produced snow squalls, in one of which the Steamer struck by lightning and consumed. At Milton the Swallow was lost upon a rock at Athens, on the hail done much damage. At Salem two dwellings Hudson ; next a convulsion on the northern shore of were struck by lightning, and at Beverly a Church Lake Ontario, between Port Hope and Colborne, on edifice was struck by lightning and several of the the 20th of September, 1845, which produced a storm congregation prostrated. Those towns were visited

of lightning, thunder, hail, rain and wind, that crossed by the Earthquake the day previous. What fearful the wilderness from Lake Ontario to Lake Chamvisitations. Westboro is on Concord River, a tribu.

plain mowing down the forests as a mower with his tary of the Merimac, Natick on Charles River, Milton scythe levels the tender grass, and the next was a on Neponset River, Boston on Massachusetts Bay and sudden fall of three degrees of temperature, on the Charles River, Salem and Beverly on North River and 23rd of December at half past 9 P. M., during a beau

tiful moon light night, followed by an equilibrium of Three days previous to this Earthquake an Earth- temperature of 11 hours duration, which ended in a quake was experienced in Iceland, attended by a

snow storm, and which in a few days was found to volcanic discharge from Mount Heckla to an immense have been produced by an Earthquake at Memphis, height in the atmosphere, and two days after viz., on in Tennessee occurring simultaneously. the 27th an Earthquake was felt throughout Tuscany One of the editors of the Journal of Commerce, in in Europe, and eight days after the Gunong Mareppa

a note appended to my publised statement of the in the Island of Java, was convulsed, and the top of connection between the instant fall of three degrees that mountain was red hot. On the 6th four days

of temperature, followed by a 11 hour equilibrium, after, St. Vincent in the West Indies, was shaken by

ending in a snow storm on Brooklyn Heighths with an Earthquake, on the 10th Trinidad was visited by

the earthquake at Memphis, remarked as follows: a similar convulsion, and on the 15th Cape Haytian,

" It is very unsafe to rely upon a mere coincidence of St. Domingo, was shaken for some minutes by a suc

time, as showing any connection between events occession of shocks of Earthquakes.

curing at far distant places, and so far as we know That some general disturbing cause either from

have no natural connection with each other."-Ed. the exterior or the interior produced the numerous

Journal of Com. local agitations seem so plain, that I should not feel

Professor Olmsted of Yale College, in a letter to warranted in discussing the matter as to local origin.

me, dated June 22d, 1846, says: “Your views of a EARTHQUAKES.

connection between earthquakes and a certain state The extensive and extended convulsion of the at- of equilibrium of the atmosphere at different and mosphere and earth for the last eighteen months, is distant places, are novel and ingenious, but I am apt a matter of vast importance. Thousands on thou- to think that very extensive indications of facts are to sands of our race have perished amidst these convul- be made before apparent coincidences of this kind sions. I have endeavored to keep a very acurate re- can be fully depended on, that is before they can safely cord of observations mude hourly, and oftentimes be adopted as established principles.”

the sea.

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