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The expenditure required to produce features of interest to all classes and conditions of men will be nothing like so great as at St. Louis and Chicago. Numerous huge buildings will not be required, nor will vast stretches of grounds have to be placed in order. The mere fact, however, that the expenditures to be made in the erection of buildings and the laying out of grounds will not equal more than one-tenth that made at St. Louis is not an indication that the exposition will be small or mean. If the plans of the government and the management of the exposition carry, it is computed that the United States alone will have present at all times war vessels that will approximate a hundred million dollars in value. The foreign nations that have promised to participate will probably send an even larger number, making, it is estimated, a display of fighting craft always in view that will represent a money value of a quarter of a billion dollars, or full five times the total
tation of being one of the finest harbors in the new world. Its adaptability for the purpose has made it really the central home of the United States Navy. Around its shores are grouped a number of vast works and institutions that are of interna tional interest. On its northeastern shore is situated Fortress Monroe, not only the oldest but the largest fort in the United States, a wonderful piece of armored masonry, appalling in its strength and famous in history. The room in the fort in which Jefferson Davis was imprisoned has alone brought thousands of people to the place. In front of this fort, and on a made island in the Roads, is situated the Ripraps Fort which required $20,000,000 to construct. The United States Navy Yard at Norfolk, where ships are repaired and built, cost the government more than $20,000,000. The private shipyards at Newport News, across the Roads, where scores of battleships, cruisers and other fighting craft have been built, is one of
cost of the St. Louis Exposition. The merchant and passenger craft will also represent a large outlay.
Hampton Roads, the mouth of the historic James River, has long had the repu
the greatest institutions of the kind in the world, and represents an outlay of many millions of dollars. The Federal Soldiers' Home at Hampton, with its six thousand union veterans, and the United States
WESTOVER, ONE OF THE MOST PERFECT SPECIMENS OF COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE
The home of Colonel William Byrd and his daughter, Evelyn, the heroine of romance and story. It is situated near Jamestown on the James River
Naval Hospital, are institutions well known all over the country.
The Hampton Normal and Collegiate Institute, the alma mater of Booker Washington and the greatest colored school in the world, is situated in the town of Hampton, near the exposition grounds. Other places of interest, almost innumerable, are clustered about this famous sheet of water, and present to an inland visitor a much greater diversity of interest than mere industrial exhibits could do. However, it is the purpose of the exposition to furnish industrial features upon a scale large enough to suit the tastes of those who studied this side of the St. Louis Fair. Almost every state in the union will have its own building and exhibits.
The Indian exhibit will be the most complete ever attempted at any exposition. The progress of Indian civilization.
will be traced from savagery down to modern times, and every phase of Indian life will be shown. The Negro exhibit promises to be one of extraordinary interest. Giles Jackson, a colored lawyer of Richmond, probably the most popular man of his race in the state, is heading the movement to get the colored people of the United States thoroughly interested in this exhibit.
The marine and aquatic exhibits and features will furnish daily spectacles for all who love the water. Bathing will be at its best, and the innumerable seaside resorts will be furnished with every attraction for the inland visitors.
But whatever may be done toward making the exposition itself attractive, even though millions might be spent upon it, its historical setting must be to all Americans the one feature that will attract most
attention and create the greatest interest. There is no other section of the New World so replete with historical associations as the portion of eastern Virginia within a radius of fifty miles of Hampton Roads. It was here that the first permanent settlement was made by English people; it was here that Bacon's Rebellion occurred; it was here that the war of the Revolution received its greatest impetus and where the surrender was made; and here occurred numerous battles in the war of the Revolution, the War of 1812, the Indian Wars and the Civil War.
There were 105 men in the party that landed at Jamestown May 13, 1607. Captain John Smith, the leader, was the life of the enterprise, and without him it would have resulted in disaster and failure. The accounts of the sufferings of the colonists, the ravages made by the Indians, starvation and fever, are painful in this day to contemplate. But in spite of all obstacles the colonists continued to come. After the famine of 1610, when they had been reduced to the pitiful number of sixty men, Lord Delaware arrived and put new life into the undertaking. Then followed Sir Thomas Dale, George Yeardley and other governors who insured the success of the colony. It was here at Jamestown in 1619 that the first legislative body in the United States was opened, as the General Assembly of Vir
ginia; and here the first trial by jury was made.
At the time of Bacon's Rebellion, in 1676, Jamestown was burned, and twenty years later, after a second disastrous burning, the seat of government was removed to Middle Plantation, seven miles to the east, a town which was laid out in the shape of the letters W and M, in honor of King William and Queen Mary, and rechristened Williamsburg. Here the culture of Virginia centered for the next hundred years, and continued even after 1779, when the capital was removed to Richmond, fifty miles up the James.
Jamestown to-day is not even a village. There are the ruins of an old church tower, and the romantic remains of old tombs, foundations of houses, and strange-looking streets; but outside of these, Jamestown Island is simply a series of fields matted with grass and threaded with white roads and pathways. Connected with Jamestown by a road through wild, rough woods, lies Williamsburg, to-day the quaintest town in the United States. It has about twenty-five hundred inhabitants, most of them of the ancient exclusive stock of Virginians. It is a veritable wilderness of the most unusual historical objects. At the head of Duke of Gloucester Street, lying lazily all the day in the shade of giant oaks, elms and mulberries, is the College of William and Mary, established
license; here Patrick Henry spent many days strolling and smoking about the campus as he waited for clients in his office down the street; here Thomas Jefferson, and John Marshall, and James Monroe, and John Tyler, and Edmund and Peyton Randolph, and Winfield Scott, and a host of other jurists, soldiers, statesmen, authors and citizens were graduated. Here was established, in 1776, Phi Beta Kappa, the oldest Greek letter order in the world; here was established the first law school in America, and here was the honor system first introduced. The college is to-day in a flourishing condition,
Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Henry and Monroe worshiped, is probably the most unique feature. This church is one of the oldest in Virginia, though it has been kept in thorough repair. King Edward recently presented the church with a handsome Bible, and President Roosevelt donated the lectern upon which it is to rest. The Old Powder Horn, erected by Governor Spotswood in early colonial days, is still in good preservation. The old State House still stands, as well as the Wythe House, Washington's headquarters, the first Masonic Temple erected in America, and dozens of other colonial