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that the defects of our city governments are largely due to their complexity and to legislative interference.

E. G. DEXTER, A History of Education in the United States. 1904.

J. A. FAIRLIE, Municipal Administration. 1901. A study of municipal functions and the organization of the administration of American and European cities.

J. A. FAIRLIE, Essays on Municipal Administration. A collection of papers on special topics relative to American and foreign city government.

J. A. FAIRLIE, Local Government in Counties, Towns, and Villages. 1906. A full description of the organization of local government and its relation to the state government.

First National Conference on State and Local Taxation. 1907. Valuable papers on many problems of taxation.

F. J. GOODNOW, City Government in the United States. 1904. Deals with the relation between the city and the state, the organization of city government, and municipal functions.

F. J. GOODNOW, Municipal Government. 1909. A comparative study of American and European methods.

A. R. HATTON, Digest of City Charters. 1906. Prepared under the direction of the Chicago Charter Convention. Contains the frame of government of the principal cities of the United States, and a few Canadian and European cities, arranged according to topics.

F. C. HOWE, The City the Hope of Democracy. Municipal ownership and the land problem.

Inheritance Tax Laws. Government Printing Office, 1907. Digest of the principal features of the laws of Great Britain, France, and Germany, together with an outline of inheritance taxation in the United States and a collection of judicial decisions relating thereto.

IVINS AND MASON, The Control of Public Utilities. 1908. Though in form an annotation of the public service commissions law of New York, this is a thorough investigation of the general topic.

Municipal and Private Operation of Public Utilities. 1907. Report of the Commission on Public Ownership and Operation of the National Civic Federation. An extensive study of the advantages and disadvantages of municipal ownership.

E. G. MURPHY, Problems of the Present South. An important study of the question of the suffrage in the South.

E. P. OBERHOLTZER, The Referendum in America. 1900. A history of popular legislation in the United States, in both state and local matters.

F. PARSONS, The City for the People. A study of municipal utilities from the standpoint of municipal ownership.

J. B. PHILLIPS, Recent State Constitution Making. The University of Colorado Studies. 1904. Principally an analysis of constitutional changes from 1895 to 1903.

J. B. PHILLIPS, Educational Qualifications of Voters. University of Colorado Studies. 1906. A summary of educational qualifications for voters in the various states at that date.

Proceedings of the National Conference for Good City Government. Published annually, beginning in 1894. Invaluable for municipal development in the United States.

Proceedings of the National Civil Service League. Published annually. P. S. REINSCH, American Legislatures and Legislative Methods. 1907. The greater part of the book is devoted to a description of the organization

and workings of state legislatures. There are, however, valuable chap-
ters on Congress.

E. C. ROBBINS, Selected Articles on the Commission Plan of Municipal Gov-
ernment. Minneapolis, 1909. A collection of papers on commission

C. M. ROBINSON, Improvement of Towns and Cities. 1901. Suggestions on
practical ways of making public improvements.

L. S. Rowe, Problems of City Government. 1908. Principally a discussion of
municipal functions.

H. R. SEAGER, A Program of Social Reform. 1910. A study of modern labor
problems, employers' liability, workmen's compensation, unemploy-
ment, and old age pensions.

LINCOLN STEFFENS, The Shame of the Cities. 1904. An exposé of political
corruption in some of our principal cities. Told with great detail.
LINCOLN STEFFENS, The Struggle for Self-government. 1906. An exposé of

political corruption in some of the state governments.

L. VEILLER, Housing Reform. 1910. A study of practical methods.
D. F. WILCOX, The American City: A Problem in Democracy. 1904. A dis-
cussion of some of the newer activities undertaken by the cities.
CHARLES ZUEBLIN, American Municipal Progress. 1902. A description of
what our city governments are doing in the way of parks, libraries,
schools, recreation, etc.


J. B. BISHOP, Our Political Drama: Conventions, Campaigns, Candidates.
1904. Lively descriptions of national conventions and campaigns, with
illustrations and reproductions of cartoons.

F. W. DALLINGER, Nominations for Elective Office in the United States. 1897.
After a brief survey of the historical development of nominating systems,
gives a detailed description of current methods.

HENRY J. FORD, The Rise and Growth of American Politics. 1898. A sug-
gestive work on the origin of parties in the United States, and their place
in our system of government.

F. J. GOODNOW, Politics and Administration. 1900. Deals with the influence

of party politics on the conduct of the government.

JESSE MACY, Party Organization and Machinery (The American State Series).
1904. A description of national and state party committees.

C. E. MERRIAM, Primary Elections. 1908. Historical survey and sum-
mary of principles.

E. C. MEYER, Nominating Systems: Direct Primaries versus Conventions in the
United States. 1902. Gives an account of the caucus and convention
system, and the movement for the direct primary.

M. OSTROGORSKI, Democracy and the Organization of Political Parties. 1002.

2 vols. The second volume is devoted to the history of party organiza-
tion in the United States and a description of existing party machinery
and methods.

E. STANWOOD, History of the Presidency. 1898. An account of each presi-
dential campaign.

J. A. WOODBURN, Political Parties and Party Problems in the United States.
Contains a full description of party machinery and the conduct of


NOTE. For additional references to states and cities, consult the several func-
tions of government, for example, finance, judiciary, etc.

Acceptance speech, p. 172.
Accessory to crime, p. 570.
Administration, national, pp. 215 ff.;
state, pp. 492 ff.; municipal, pp. 593
ff.; centralization of, p. 654.
Advisory initiative, p. 464.
Agriculture, department of, pp. 222, 408.
Alabama, constitutions of, p. 97; popu-

lar election of Senators, p. 242; suf-
frage, pp. 454 f.; amendment process,
p. 458 f.; salary and term of governor,
p. 491; pay and term of legislators,
p. 527; ballot, p. 681; primary law,
p. 694.

Alaska, p. 425.

Alien act, p. 107.

Aliens, admitted to suffrage, p. 454.
Ambassadors, appointment of, pp. 196,
317 ff.; functions of, p. 319; immuni-
ties of, p. 319.
Amendment clause, of federal Constitu-
tion, pp. 56, 60 ff.
Amendment, Thirteenth, pp. 68 ff.;
Fourteenth, pp. 69 ff., 436 ff.; pro-
posed Sixteenth, p. 71.
Amendment process in state constitu-
tions, evolution of, pp. 96 ff.; charac-
ter of, pp. 458 ff.

Amendments, to federal Constitution,

Appropriations, federal, pp. 365 ff.;
state, pp. 508 ff.

Arbitration, international, pp. 339 ff.;
labor and capital, p. 741.
Arizona, p. 420.
Arkansas, popular election of Senators,
p. 242; suffrage, p. 455; amendment
process, p. 458; salary and term of
governor, p. 491; pay and term of
legislators, p. 527; ballot law, p. 680;
primary law, p. 694.

Army, United States, pp. 342 ff.
Arrest, warrant for, p. 571.

Articles of Confederation, failure of,
pp. 28, 36 ff.

Assessments, state and local, p. 714.
Assessor, county, p. 647.
Attainder, bill of, p. 434.
Attorney-general, federal, pp. 189, 198,
204, 210, 219, 221, 300; state, pp. 483,

Attorney, prosecuting, pp. 549, 572, 643.
Auditor, state, pp. 483, 500; county,
p. 647.
Australian ballot, pp. 675 ff.

Ballot, popular control through, pp.
469 ff.; Australian, p. 675; Massachu-
setts, p. 677; party column, p. 678.
Banks, national, p. 377.

Banking associations, p. 376.
Banking (state), supervision of, p. 731.
Bankruptcy, p. 259.

Baths, municipal, p. 630.
Bicameral legislature, pp. 53 ff., 505, 519.
Bill of attainder, p. 434.

adoption of, pp. 63 ff., 201 note.
American republics, bureau of, p. 222.
Annapolis, convention of (1786), p. 43.
Anti-federalists, pp. 106 ff.

Anti-lobby legislation, pp. 543 f.

Anti-masons, p. 131.
Anti-trust Act (1890), p. 383.
Appeals, in colonial courts, p. 13; in
civil cases, p. 566; in criminal cases,
p. 576.
Appointment, to office, pp. 89 ff.; federal,
p. 216; state, pp. 494, 508, 511; city,
p. 592.

p. 447.

Bills, introduction of, into Congress,
p. 271; drafting of, p. 497; in state
legislature, pp. 537, 542, 545.

Apportionment, for state legislatures, Board of estimate and apportionment
p. 520.
in Nt. York City, p. 595.

Bill of credit, pp. 40, 375.

Bill of rights, federal, p. 147 ff.; state,

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Board system in cities, pp. 593 ff.

Boards, county, p. 640.
Boston, council, p. 585; mayor, p. 591;
budget, pp. 592, 604; civil service, p.
602; charter revision of 1909, p. 602;
street paving, p. 616; education ex-
penditure, p. 624; libraries, p. 626;
parks, p. 627; percentage owning
homes, p. 633; "1915 movement,"
p. 634 note.

Child labor, p. 734.

Bribery in elections, p. 671.

Chinese exclusion, pp. 120, 122, 387.
Budget, city, preparation of, pp. 604 ff.; Chisholm v. Georgia, pp. 65, 76.
state, pp. 708 ff.
Business taxes, p. 717.

Circuit court. See Judiciary, federal.
Citizens, rights of, in war time, p. 352.
Citizens Union of New York, pp. 546, 704.
Citizenship, p. 160.

Cabinet, appointment of, pp. 185, 190;
character of, pp. 219 ff.; proposed
state, pp. 504 f.

Calendar Wednesday, p. 290.
California, popular election of Senators,
p. 242; prosecution by information in,


p. 585; mayor, p. 591; civil service,
p. 597; children's courts, p. 612; hous-
ing, p. 615; street railway mileage,
p. 619; transportation, p. 619; edu-
cation expenditures, p. 624; public
lecture system, p. 626; libraries, p.
627; parks and playgrounds, pp. 628
ff.; percentage owning homes, p. 633;
voters' league, p. 704.

439; constitution of, p. 446;
residence qualification for voters, p.
454; educational test for voters, p.
455; amending process, p. 459; term
and salary of governor, p. 491; new
state offices in, p. 508; pay and terms
of legislators, p. 527; legislative refer-
ence, p. 545; code in, p. 556; con-
stitutional provisions for cities, p. 583;
initiative and referendum for cities,
p. 597; commission government in, p.
599; ballot in, p. 681; primary law,
694; land law, p. 723.
Campaign, national, pp. 174 ff.; contri-
butions by corporations, p. 176 note;
character of contributions, p. 669;
expenses regulated, p. 701.
Candidates, presidential, tours by, p.
178; assessment of, p. 668. See
Convention and Primary.
Capital punishment, pp. 575 f.
Caucus, legislative, p. 128; congressional
nominating, p. 129; congressional,
p. 268; in state legislature, p. 533.
Centralization, federal, p. 386.
Chairman. See Committee, national;
state, p. 657.

Chancellor, p. 4.

Chancery courts, p. 548.
Charities, public, p. 745.
Charter-making for cities, pp. 581 ff.
Chicago, elections in, p. 471; percentage
of foreign-born inhabitants, p. 578;
charter revision, p. 584; council,

City government, elective offices in, p.
481; difficulties of, p. 578; and the
state legislature, p. 579; home rule, p.
579; special legislation for, pp. 580 ff.;
classification of cities, p. 582; charter-
making and amendment, pp. 682 ff.;
council, pp. 584 ff.; taxation, p. 589;
franchises, p. 590; mayor, pp. 591 ff.;
finances, pp. 591 f., 603 ff.; adminis-
tration, p. 593; departments of, p. 595;
civil service, p. 596; suffrage, p. 597;
initiative and referendum, p. 597; re-
call, p. 597; party nominations, p. 598;
commission government, pp. 598 ff.;
budget, pp. 604 ff.; police, pp. 607 ff.;
courts, pp. 611 ff.; health, tenement, and
fire departments, pp. 614 ff.; streets,
pp. 616 ff.; transportation, p. 619;
waterworks, p. 620; education in, p.
624; libraries, p. 627; parks, pp. 627
ff.; baths, p. 630; death-rate, p. 631;
land problem, p. 631; home-owning, p.
633; municipal ownership, pp. 634 ff.
Civil service, federal, reform of, pp. 120,

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