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fakir do your cleaning, for he inevitably Don't be careless of your Panama hat. uses the rankest acid.

Treat it with consideration, and it will Don't fail to brush your Panama at last you all your life.” least once a day. Straw hats should be Uncle Sam always calls upon Mr. brushed as often as derby hats. I brushHesse when a dispute arises in the Cusmine twice a day, and it is as clean at tom House on the value of a shipment the end of the summer as it was at the of hats and his word on the matter is beginning

accepted as final, therefore his advice Don't fail to remove a crease that may is worth following. Try it and see be anywhere in your hat. Such a crease how much better your Panama will is bound to cut the straw.

look and how much longer it will last.

Song of the Souls that Failed

By Marion Couthouy Smith
E come from the war-swept valleys,

Where the strong ranks clash in might,
Where the broken rear-guard rallies

For its last and losing fight;
From the roaring streets and highways,

Where the mad crowds move abreast,
We come to the wooded byways,

To cover our grief, and rest.
When we hear the plaudits thunder,

And thrill to the victors' shout,
We envy them not, nor wonder

At the fate that cast us out;
For we heed one music only,

The sweet, far Voice that calls
To the dauntless soul and lonely

Who fights to the end, and falls.
We come-outworn and weary-

The unnamed host of life;
Long was our march and dreary,

Fruitless and long our strife.
Out from the dust and the riot-

From the lost. yet glorious quest,
We come to the vales of quiet,
To cover our grief, and rest.

-McClure's MAGAZINE.


Climb Mountains by Elevator

By Frank C. Perkins

luring ad to

; any Consulting Electrical Engineer


ving O longer need the Alpine everything as comfortable as possible fortial, tourist take his alpenstock their guests, that, in many places, elecin hand and laboriously tric or cog-wheel roads run far up thewas climb up the steep sides of tall peaks, leaving only a short climb to rethe Swiss mountains, the topmost summits. And now, as a roped, for safety's sake, to last refinement, the luxury-loving tour

a couple of guides. So ist, dismounting from the car, may step keen liave the canny Swiss been to make directly into an electric elevator which



Pick Cotton by Machinery

By D. A. Willey

NE of the great drawbacks arms is such that, as the machine travels in gathering the world's once down the field, all of one row and cotton crop has been the one-lialf of the row on each side of the apparent necessity of pick- center row—in all, equal to two rows—

ing it entirely by hand are picked. When the machine turns to wa labor, for the reason that travel over the field in the opposite direc

the cotton does not mature tion, one row is skipped; this enables the simultaneously. The harvest-time in a operator on the outside rows to pick the single field in the Southern States, for other side of their respective rows. example, may extend over a period of The picking device includes a hollow, two or three weeks between the time right-angled elbow hinged to the extenwhen the contents of the first bolls are sion tubing, one end of which points in gathered and the last of the cotton has toward the body of the machine, the been secured. It has been supposed that other end pointing outward at right no machine which could be invented angles. To this end is secured an extenwould gather the contents of the bolls at sion tubing, to the free end of which is one operation, without mixing the mature fastened, for rocking movement, a blower with the immature staple.

casing, provided with a fan, which serves It is a fact, however, that a machine the double purpose of doffing or fanning has just been designed, which promises the cotton and blowing the same to the to revolutionize the cotton industry, not receptacle. To the blower casing is only in America but throughout the hinged the picking arm, which consists world. The machine is not entirely me- of a trough-like casing, having pulleys at chanical, for its picking arms must be each end, over which travels an endless guided by hand, but they do the work belt provided with prongs or teeth. The much more rapidly than the most expert upper or drive pulley is so arranged, with human fingers. The most noticeable respect to the fan or doffer, that the feature of the mechanism is the series blades just escape hitting the teeth of the of tubes projecting from the front and belt. rear, which are connected with long bags A fixed, hollow elbow is secured to the suspended above the wheels—these bags extension tubing in such manner as to being the receptacle for the cotton. permit the free end of the rocking elbow Tubes are connected with the picking to extend into one end. From the free arms proper, serving as conduits in put- end of this elbow is a sheet-iron pipe exting the cotton into the bags.

tending upward and into the mouth of The teeth attached to the belt are of the bag provided to receive the cotton. such size and shape that they readily en- The means for moving the picker belts gage the contents of the cotton boll, and and doffer fan consists of a light shaft, remove it almost entirely without coming running longitudinally of the machine in contact with the shell, so that little and parallel to the fore-and-aft extension foreign matter is taken up in the pick- tubing. This shaft is connected to the ing, and this is prevented from entering engine through the medium of gears and the conduits by special contrivances. friction clutch. This shaft has a constant There are seats provided on the machine speed, being independent of the speed of to carry four operators, and each oper- advance of the machine through the field. ator controls two of the picking arms. Power is applied to the picker belt and The arrangements of seats and picking doffer fan from this shaft, through an arrangement of light sprocket-wheels and labor. The capacity of the machine, of chains. Simple contrivances are ar- course, depends largely upon the number ranged at the picking point and in the of bolls which are mature. If the cotton path of the picking belt, to facilitate the has ripened uniformly in a field, the maengagement of the cotton with the teeth chine will of course pick much more in of the belt and eliminate all foreign mat- a given time; but trials already made in ter such as hulls, leaves, twigs, sand, etc. the Southern States prove beyond ques

[graphic][merged small]

As the machine advances along the tion that this mechanical harvester rerows of plants in the field, each operator duces the cost of labor over fifty per cent. grasps one of the picker arms in each and is equal to a large number of expert hand, and applies the picking end to the cotton gatherers. It may be added that open bolls on the plant. The cotton is in the staple is not torn or otherwise injured stantly withdrawn from the bolls, and is in being gathered from the boll mechanrapidly carried up the arm by the belt ically; in fact, its condition is better than to the doffer fan, which strips it from when hand-picked, owing to the carelessthe teeth of the belt and at the same time ness of so many of the negroes. blows it through the piping and delivers There is no question but that the area it into the bags.

of soil suitable for cotton fields in the The machine, which was invented by Southern States alone is at least three Mr. George A. Lowry, is propelled by times the acreage now under cultivation. a gasoline engine, which also drives the It is estimated that the State of Texas, mechanism moving the picker arms. alone, could produce annually five milThese are easily manipulated by boys, so lion, instead of three million bales, if that the cost of operating the mechanism facilities were afforded for gathering the is small in comparison with ordinary crop.


Live in House-Auto wide, with a height between floor and

roof of ten feet. Opening the front door CEORGE WASHINGTON of Chi- of this house on wheels the visitors enter

cago is apparently determined to live the living room, which is large enough to up to his distinguished name. His pres- contain Mrs. Washington's sewing-maent claim to distinction is that he and his chine and a folding-bed, to say nothing of family are the first people on record to comfortable chairs and other furniture. build and occupy, for months at a time, The dining room, which opens off from a house-automobile, containing no less the living room, is fitted with a folding than three rooms and fitted up with all table and the necessary chairs. In the the appliances necessary for domestic kitchen, at the rear of the house-auto, is use.

a small cook stove, a refrigerator or storMr. Washington's house-auto—of age chest, in which provisions may be which he is the architect and constructor kept cool without the use of ice, a work is twenty-seven feet long, and six feet table and other culinary appliances.



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