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OLYMPIC GREATEST OF STEAMSHIPS
In point of power the Olympic, by no means as yet become what might though much larger than the Lusitania be called commonplace. and Mauretania, drops far behind the The arrangement of two wing proswift Cunarders. For each knot above pellers driven by reciprocating engines twenty per hour added to the speed of a combined with a center propeller driven steamship the coal consumption increases by a turbine has been tried out on the in an ever-growing ratio that is out of White Star liner Laurentic, plying beall proportion to the advantage gained. tween Liverpool and Montreal, with such
The luxury of a speed of 25.5 knots an gratifying results in economy and in hour comes so high that all the other eliminating vibration, that it has been steamship companies have enthusi- adopted for the Olympic. It is alleged astically agreed to let the Cunard Com- by the press agent that this absence of pany monopolize it. So it happens that vibration abolishes that terror of the while the Olympic is a third greater in seas, mal de mer; but don't you believe tonnage than the Mauretania her engines it. There is but one infallible rule for will have only fifty thousand horse power the prevention of sea-sickness, and that is as compared with the Cunarder's sev- to stick to dry land. It is much cheaper enty thousand horse power, which is than crossing the Atlantic, any way. only enough to enable her to jog along But to return to the wing propellers, at twenty-one knots an hour. Still, they are each 23 feet 6 inches in diameplant of fifty thousand horse power has ter, weigh 38 tons each and are affixed to
crankshafts weighing 118 tons each. long. From the company's standpoint These ponderous masses of metal are the most attractive feature of this ardriven at a speed of 75 revolutions per rangement is not that it abolished sea minute by triple expansion engines with sickness, as alleged, but that it keeps the four cylinders, the high pressure cylin- coal bill down. Steam, generated in 20 der being 54 inches in diameter, the in- double ended and 5 single ended Scotch termediate 84 and the two low pressure boilers, all 15 feet 9 inches in diameter, 97 inches in diameter, while all have a the double enders 20 feet and the single stroke of 6 feet 3 inches. Each engine 11 feet 9 inches long, is delivered to the bedplate weighs 195 tons.
reciprocating engines at 215 pounds The center propeller, which is only 16 pressure. The high pressure cylinders feet 6 inches in diameter, has to run at get all they can out of the steam, which more than double the speed of the wing is then passed on to the intermediate propellers, or 165 revolutions per min- cylinders, which go after the elasticity in ute. It is driven by the latest type of that 'steam like a Paris hotel keeper Parsons turbine, the rotor of which is after a tourist's cash, then dole it out 12 feet in diameter and 13 feet 8 inches to the low pressure cylinders. Not OLYMPIC GREATEST OF STEAMSHIPS
safety appliances that the ingenuity of man has devised. In this respect the steamship companies are exactly like the railroads. Every so-called safety appliance on a railroad today has been adopted for its economic value, the safety secured thereby being incidental-a sort of by-product, so to speak. However, when a passenger by sea or land is zealously guarded from harm it is no part of his business to analyze the motives that insure his safety. If some blundering steamer should run full tilt into the Olympic as the Florida did into the Republic it is safe to predict that the new giant will not only stay afloat long enough to transfer all her passengers, but that her bulk
BRINGING THE “After Boss Arms" Into Position.
until every ounce of pressure that a reciprocating engine can get out of it has been extracted from that steam is it allowed to escape to the turbine. Although by this time the steam is so weak it can hardly struggle on, the turbine has become so wonderfully efficient that it contrives to develop a great deal of power out of this exhaust steam. When the turbine gets through with it the steam, which by this time isn't much more effective than hot water, goes to the condenser, and from there back to the boilers to begin the weary round all over again.
Still bearing in mind the outlay of $7,500,000, rather than from an inordinate solicitude for prospective passengers, the company has equipped the Olympic
heads will be found strong enough to takes up a great deal of room the páswithstand the strain of towing to port. sengers would rather have devoted to There are the usual doors between water- promenades. By using sixteen sets of tight compartments all closed at once by Welin double acting quadrant davits, a touch on an electric button on the which will swing a boat away from the bridge, the submarine signaling appa- ship's side and stay put at any angle in ratus that can pick up the tones of a any kind of a sea, the Olympic is enwarning bell seventeen miles distant and abled to stow 32 boats and have most of also tell the direction from which the the deck room too, for each set of davits warning comes, the wireless telegraph handles two boats. This arrangement, that will keep the ship in constant touch which has been approved by the conwith the shore and with other ships and servative British Board of Trade, not the elaborate fire protection system to only reduces the cost, saves weight and be found on all modern liners. In ad- gives greatly increased deck space, but dition to all these the Olympic has a new also makes it possible to carry more life wrinkle in the arrangement of the small boats and still have them readily accesboats.
sible in case of need. To quote from page 156, volume 16 of Since there seems to be no limit to the the Transactions of the Society of Naval sums otherwise sane Americans are wilArchitects and Marine Engineers, “It is ling to pay to be ferried across the Atcompulsory to provide a full complementlantic, every facility will be afforded the of life boats and other life saving appli- passenger on the Olympic for getting rid ances together with davits which can be of his money. On any of the big modern relied upon to lower the boats in a heavy liness one may pay from $112.50 for a sea without the least chance of mishap. single berth in an inside room down in
Provided a vessel is not afire the basement to two thousand dollars for and can float, even with a big hole in her an imperial suite on an upper deck where side she is about the most comfortable the passengers who like to stay up all and the safest place available in mid- night can congregate under the windows Atlantic."
to gabble. Not many pay the minimum The laws of England and the United rate in the "high season," though: the States do not require a vessel like the steamship companies see to that. One Olympic to carry small boats enough to of the big new German steamships accommodate all the passengers and quotes a minimum rate of $112.50 per crew, but even the number she does carry berth but inquiry reveals the fact that
there are just three two berth rooms on enclosed deck. the ship at that rate. The rest of the Should there be any danger of his five hundred and twenty first class pas- money burning holes in his pockets besengers pay two hundred to six hundred fore he can get to Europe with it, the dollars a head. The distance across the passenger the Olympic can find Atlantic is about three times the dis- prompt relief at the verandah cafe, where tance from New York to Chicago. The he can mingle sea-breezes with his total cost of a trip between these two liquor; or, if more heroic measures seem cities, including berth and meals on the called for, he can get rid of his cash in fastest and costliest trains is $38. Three larger wads at the tailor shop or dresstimes the distance would amount to makers' parlors on board, or he can $1 14. But the average rate on the new spend it still faster at the jewelry store. liners is about three times that amount. In fact there is nothing to prevent the The rates on the Olympic have not yet passenger from achieving bankruptcy on been announced, but there is no reason the outward bound voyage so that he to doubt that they will be ample.
may return on the first homeward bound In return for his money the first class vessel. This will save time and simplify passenger can eat his meals, provided he the amual hegira. isn't too sick to think of victuals, in a The Olympic will have accommodamain dining room. seating six hundred tions for 2,500 passengers in all. To persons, the biggest and most elaborate run the ship and wait upon this great dining room afloat, or in a smaller din- throng will require a crew of 860 which ing room. Between meals he can loiter will be commanded by Captain E. J. in sumptuous drawing rooms, the lounge Smith, now of the Adriatic. The new or smoking rooms or library, or he can liner will not lack business. Although take a turn around the decks, counting sailing dates and rates have not been about four laps to the mile, or he can announced applications for berths have work up an appetite in the gymnasium, been coming in ever since last fall at a or take a plunge in the swimming pool. rate which indicates that some intending If all these attractions pall he may seek passengers may have to travel on other relaxation in the ball room, the theater ships or submit to the perfectly dreadful or the skating rink, all of which are and scarcely-to-be-thought of alternative combined in a single vast area of glass- of staying at home.