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and by the bookis man, and by the lovers of the country recommend, although, as people are talking about it and of humanity these will be easily forgiven. For many here, I thought I had better include it. It is merely an of its pages will bear continual re-reading; and to how unpleasant story of modern life, reminiscent in a faint many books can such praise be given ?

degree of Mr. Oscar Wilde's society stories. Luckily, These summer months are above all the months for however, it has the one merit of extreme brevity. novel reading, and I am glad to be able to put in your One, at least, of the two translations of foreign fiction box and to recommend you enough good works of fiction that I send is of importance. Ivan Turgenev is the one to more than carry you over the four weeks till my next great Russian writer whose books have been inaccessible parcel will arrive. First and foremost, of course, stands in an English form, and “Rudin,” the present volume, Mr. George Meredith's “Lord Ormont and his Aminta,” very neatly bound and printed, is a welcome beginning to a story which, while it will not particularly raise the a uniform edition-in six volumes--of his novels. It enthusiasm of readers already his warm admirers, will cer contains an excellent portrait and a short introduction of tainly do much to make him better appreciated and more some twenty pages by Stepniak. M. François Coppée is widely known among the general public. Far from being the other continental writer whose work, now alınost for its author's finest story, "Lord Ormont and bis Aminta ” the first time, is rendered possible for the English reader. has, however, the merit of being far more comprehensible “Blessed are the Poor" contains two of the best of his than the majority of its predecessors; and it still retains stories—“ Restitution” and “ The Poverty Cure”-and a all those excellent and unique qualities looked for from short preface by Mr. T. P. O'Connor. This exhausts the the creator of Richard Feverel and Evan Harrington. fiction that you will find in your hox, but you might

The most readable novel in the batch of fiction is by a care to order from the library Miss Braddon's new story, writer whom you may not know, Mr. H. Seton Merriman. “ Thou Art the Man," and Mrs. F. A. Steel's “Potter's His “ From One Generation to Another” was good, but Thumb”—both three-volume novels. Miss Braddon is of the present book, " With Edged Tools," is far stronger course interesting, but it cannot be said that her latest novel and more powerful. Almost a romance, it is a story of can hold a candle to almost any of her predecessors. You the present day with no superfluous or uninteresting will have read Mrs. Steel's previous Indian fictions, and sentence. Adventure on the West Coast of Africa, polite perhaps, like me, you will wonder why it is, with so intrigue in the highest circles of London society: these are admirable and inventive and so serviceable a style, she its two features; and each Mr. Merriman has drawn with is so lacking in the power of telling a story straightan unfaltering and practised pen. He follows, it would forwardly and so as to be understood. This new book, seem, in the tradition of Thackeray; and it is likely that for instance-a maze of native Indian intrigue and English it will be admitted that that master had never worthier weakness-is very hard reading; but there are episodes pupil. A two-volume novel depending for its interest which, I think you will agree, well repay the trouble. entirely upon the sayings and doings of fashionable You will find but two volumes of verse among the English society to-day is Mr. Richard Pryce's “ Winifred books I send-one a collection of sonnets, a hundred in Mount.” Mr. Pryce seems always to write with a fuller number, by Mr. Eugene Lee-Hamilton; the other a knowledge and greater skill than his rivals in this book of lyrics from Canada by Mr. Bliss Carman. field-even than the creator of “ Dodo "--but in this Mr. Lee-Hamilton's power over the sonnet is well known his latest book the author of “Miss Maxwell's Affec to all readers of contemporary poetry: the present tions" is not at his best. Here are a mere string collection, sadly but fitly entitled “ Sonnets of the Wingof episodes, interesting and convincing enough, but less Hours,” contains all the exercises in this form by leading almost nowhither. Another two-volume novel - which he is best known, and some seventy which have two volumes seems the fashionable length to-day-is Mrs. not hitherto appeared. A very vivid power of description, Everard Cotes's “ A Daughter of To-Day," a study of the and a strength of thought and expression, are the two woman of the moment, which, if it has not the full signi chief qualities of his work. Certainly the little book is ficance of the books I have treated elsewhere, has a one which occupies a very important place in the poetry plenitude of interest. Mrs. Cotes's heroine fails as an of the past half-year. Mr. Bliss Carman's book, to a reader artist, and becomes a journalist, and her trials and tribu who knows the reputation in which this writer is held lations make excellent reading. But her end is hardly in Canada, will come rather as a disappointment. His convincing. Such a woman is not likely to have sought lyrical touch is sometimes fine, but invariably diffuse, refuge in suicide.

and I would hardly care to send the book to you were it Besides Miss Holdsworth's “Joanna Traill, Spinster," not that, as the work of a Canadian, it is at least worthy and " A Sunless Heart," by a writer who prefers to remain of the attention of readers in the mother-country. anonymous (both these notable novels I write of at length Travels also are very fit reading for the summer season, in my article on “The Novel of the Modern Woman ") and you are likely to get a good deal of amusement and you will find four other volumes of fiction in your box: interest out of Miss Helen G. Peel's “Polar Gleams: an two single-volume novels and two translations. Of the Account of a Voyage on the Yacht' Blencathra." Miss one-volume novels the best--and one of the best that has Peel, who, by the way, is the niece of the Speaker, made appeared for some time is Mr. Gilbert Parker's “ Trans her journey from Bideford to the Yenesei River (by the lation of a Savage," a story with a motive entirely original, now almost historic route of the North Cape and the Kara strange, and yet convincing. A young man, the son of a Sea), we have Lord Dufferin's authority for saying, in a rich county family, while hunting in Canada, is jilted by frock of Cowes serge; and the Marquis goes on to say in his the girl to whom he is engaged, jilted, he thinks, through preface that the fact" that a last year's débutunte should his family's interference. Stung to the quick, and anxious this exchange the shining floors, wax lights, and valses to retaliate upon them for the fancied wrong, he immedi of a London ball-room for the silent shores of Novaia ately marries a native woman, the daughter of a Red Zemlia and the Taimya Peninsula, with the accompaniIndian chief, and sends her home, lacking both English ment of ice-floes and winds fresh from the cellars of language and dress, to his father's house. This certainly Boreas, exhibit the untameable audacity of our modern is Mr. Parker's strongest piece of work, direct, and maidens." But be that as it may, Miss Peel's book is ceradmirable in characterisation. The second one-volume tainly a very fascinating one, both for its text and for its novel, Miss Florence Farr's “ Dancing Faun," I cannot many excellent photographic illustrations.

SIGNATURES OF THE NATIONAL MEMORIAL. HERE seems to be good reason for believing that It is also signed by fifty Members of the House of

the National Memorial to the Government praying Commons.

for the establishment of an international under The following men of letters and of science have standing that there shall be no further increase of arma appended their names to the Memorial :ments, at least until 1900, will be one of the most in Grant Allen.

Albert Günther, Ph., M.D., fuentially signed declarations ever presented to the William Archer.

F.R.S. Ministers of the Crown.

Sir Edwin Arnold.

Frederic Harrison. A Memorial which commands the sympathy of the

Walter Besant.

Joseph L. Hocking. leaders of both political parties, and which avowedly Rev. T. H. M. Blaydes, LL.D. Professor Hughes, F.R.S. would never have been put forward, unless on the most

Professor Bonney, F.R.S. Dr. W. Huggins, F.R.S.
Miss Braddon.

Coulson Kernahan. explicit understanding that it would strengthen the policy

Hall Caine.

J. Stanley Little. which Her Majesty's Ministers were determined to adopt,

Elizabeth R. Chapman.

Professor Oliver Lodge. has, it might be expected, secured the enthusiastic support

Edward Clodd.

Edna Lyall." of the representatives of labour, of religion, and of our J. Churton Collins.

Mrs. Meynell. municipalities. It has been signed by the official heads John Davidson.

Henry Seton Merriman. “ of almost every religious denomination with one excep Professor W. B. Dawkins, Mrs. Molesworth. tion. His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury has, M.B., F.R.S.

Lewis Morris. unfortunately, not been able to see his way to take part Professor Dowden.

Professor Max Müller. in the Memorial. This is not, of course, due to any lack

A. Conan Doyle.

Gilbert Parker. of sympathy with its object, only to a disinclination due

Professor Robinson Ellis. A. W. Pinero.
Sir John Evans, F.R.S.

Professor John Prestwich, probably to his position to help those who are endeavour

Lanoe Falconer.

F.R.S. ing by this means to place some limitation to the

George Manville Fenn.

Christina Rossetti. intolerable burdens of modern armaments.

Professor G. Carey Foster. W. Clark Russell. The following letter which Mr. Balfour addressed to

Norman Gale.

Clement Soott. Mr. Mark Stewart, M.P., who asked him to sign the Richard Le Gallienne.

George Bernard Shaw, Memorial, expresses the attitude of statesmen on both George Gissing.

Silvanus Thompson, F.R.S. sides of the House:

Professor J. H. Gladstone, Professor Alfred R. Wallace, 4 Carlton Gardens, June 22nd, 1894.


F.R.S. Dear Mark Stewart,-1, in common I believe with other

Edmund Gosse.:

I. Zang will.

“ Sarah Grand.” persons who have considered the subject, see clearly the deep-seated evils which flow from the gigantic military ex At the annual meeting of the International Arbitration penditure in which every Government in Europe is involved. and Peace Association, held on Wednesday, July 4th, I need not say that I shall be glad to assist in any practical Sir John Lubbock in the chair, the following resolution policy which seems likely to remedy or mitigate the disease.

will be submitted:The object therefore of the Arbitration Alliance has my hearty sympathy.-Yours very truly,

Resolved, --That this meeting hereby expresses its satisARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR.

faction that the committee has taken active steps to obtain The Memorial has been signed by the following among

the co-operation of their colleagues 0:1 the Continent in others :

reference to the proposals for the reduction of the military The Lord Mayor of London. The Bishop of Aberdeen and burdens of Europe; and particularly approves of the memorial The Lord Mayor of York. Orkney:

to Her Majesty the Queen that she should take the initiative The Lord Mayor of Dublin. The Chairman of the Con in the latter important object; and the meeting trusts that The Lord Provost of Edin gregational Union.

the friends of peace throughout Europe will promote every burgh.

The Chairman of the Baptist measure which will afford relief to the suffering peoples, and The Mayor of Birmingham. Union.

diminish the danger of war. The Cardinal Archbishop of The Presidents of the Wes

WANTED, A COMMITTEE OF INITIATIVE. Westininster and eight leyan Conference and all bishops. other Methodist Connex

In McClure's Magazine for June M. de Blowitz writes The Cardinal Archbishop of ions.

on “the Peace of Europe.” He maintains that it is the Armagh, Primate of all The Moderators of the Pres imperative duty of the nations to reduce the term of Ireland.

byterian Churches in the service from three years to one year and a quarter. He The Archbishop of Dublin. United Kingdom.

asserts positively that it does not in the least matter The Archbishop of Glasgow. The Parliamentary Secretary whether the term of service is three years or one year The Archbishop of St. of the Trades Union Con

and a quarter, and he insists that only by adopting the Andrews.


shorter term can peace be preserved. If this principle The Bishop of Durham. The President of the London The Bishop of Lichfield.

Chamber of Commerce.

were introduced it would immediately effect a reduction

in the war budgets of at least thirty-five per cent., to say The Bishop of Worcester. The Chairman of the London The Bishop of Brechin, County Councii.

nothing of the enormous advantage that would accrue Primus of Scotland.

The President of the British from the restoration of the manhood of the country to The Bishop of Argyle.

Women's Temperance Asso civil pursuits for the two years and nine months which ciation

are at present consumed in the barracks. Peace, he Among the peers who have signed are the following :-- says, is rapidly becoming intolerable in the opinion Marquis of Bristol.

Lord Kinnaird.

of every one. The following passage is delightfully Viscount Gough.

Earl Manvers.

Lord Hatherton.
Earl Russell.

The Pope has said : “Europe must first be allowed to breathe Lord Hawkesbury.

at its ease."

The Tzar of Russia has said: “My chief mission here below is the maintenance of pea e.”

The Emperor Francis Joseph has said: “The hand of God has always impelled me towards peace.”

The King of Italy said only the other day; “Peace is for Italy an absolute necessity.”

The King of Denmark has said: "I hope to live long enough to see Europe diminish its war expenses in time of peace."

Prince Bismarck said to me, and the German Emperor has since made the same remark: “After such a war as ours, after such a victory as ours, no man thinks of staking his winnings on a single card: the night before a battle, who knows who will be the victor?”

And, finally, I wrote myself, only a little while ago, and I believe it to be absolutely true, that France, without giving up any of its hopes, will put no obstacle in the way of pacific solutions, nor handicap any measures of peace upon which Europe may agree.

Having thus settled as to what is to be done, M. Blowitz thus describes the way in which it is to be brought about:

Two countries can take this initiative, the United States and

England: the United States, because it is removed by an estranging sea from all chance of participation in a European war; England, because it is separated from the Continent by the silver girdle of the Channel, rendering it invulnerable, whatever spectres may haunt the brains of those who dread the “ Battle of Dorking.”.

I should like to see men from both countries, men devoted to peace, form a committee of initiative, assemble in some Swiss town, and appeal to the governments to study the idea of a reduction in the time of effective service, which would be thereby a reduction of the military expenses in time of peace, and put as well in the hands of the peoples themselves their destinies as nations; moreover, securing to them thus the blessings of peace as long as ever they wish, because rendering it unnecessary to have recourse to war as a relief from the burdens under which they are now self-oppressed. At this hour there is no nobler task than this, none more worthy of consideration.

It will be seen that the result of the long meditations of M. de Blowitz is a recommendation which Dr. Lunn has already anticipated.



THE NATIONAL SOCIAL UNION. THE Committee of the National Social Union will meet to consider the reports of their members on the extent to which the field is covered on Tuesday, July 10th. As we go to press a week before this and publish five days later, it is impossible to say more on the subject before our next issue. I may say, however, that the prospect of arriving at a common denominator is very good, and there is reason to believe that we shall arrive at a practical basis for the co-operation of all who love their fellow-men. There is a general agreement among Tories and Liberals, Socialists and Moralists, Agnostics and Catholics as to the duty of the day. It does not extend to the things of to-morrow. As, however, we have to live our life and do our work now when it is called to-day, it is more and more being recognised that it is simply criminal to weaken our effective force in helping our brothers now because we differ about how it would be the best to help them hereafter.

As might be expected I have received many letters and reports from all quarters and have had many interviews with representative people. The result of all this will be reported in our August number, but meanwhile I cannot refrain from the pleasure of quoting the following letter which reached me from Jr. F. Martin, 3, Western Road, Southborough, Tunbridge Wells:

I enclose a postal order for two shillings, and hope you will accept it, towards the starting of the National Social Union. I am only a working chap, and not earning over-much, but by a little self-denial an ounce of tobacco a week-I am enabled to send you the enclosed. I would be a Christ, to help those around me, and I thank you for showing me my duty. May you be enabled to start the Union on a firin footing by the help and support of the influential men which are on the Committee that has been formed, and may the town of Tunbridge Wells very soon have a branch is my earnest wish.

DUDLEY CHRISTIAN UNION. On July 11th a representative meeting is summoned at Dudley Town Hall, when the following draft constitution will be submitted for consideration :

1. NAME.—“ Dudley Christian Union for Promoting Social Progress."

2. OBJECT.-To improve the material, moral, and social condition of the people.

3. SPECIFIC AIMS.-(1) Temperance : (i) The decrease of temptations and facilities for drinking, and the enforcement of the laws concerning the liquor traffic; (ii) The prevention of the indiscriminate granting of Music and Dancing Licenses to houses licensed for the sale of drink; (ii) The removal from public-houses to suitable unlicensed premises of Inquests, Benefit, Friendly, and Burial Clubs, and Trade Societies. (2) Gambling: The suppression of Gambling. (3) Social Purity: The promotion of Social Purity. (4) Labour: (i) The finding of work for the deserving unemployed; (ii) The adoption of the principle of Arbitration and Conciliation in commercial and industrial disputes. (5) Recreation : The provision of wholesome recreation, and the further utilisation of public buildings and

(6) General Purposes : (i) The election of suitable persons for public bodies; (ii) The improvement of the houses of the poor, and the better lighting of back streets and courts; (iii) The organisation of Christian philanthropy.

4. METHODS.(1) By obtaining all necessary information. (2) By informing and developing public opinion. (3) By putting existing social laws into operation. (4) By co-operation with the public authorities, and with all the existing agencies that seek to ameliorate the conditions of life among the people.

5. ORGANISATION.-(1) The officers of the Union shall be a President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, and Secretaries. (2) The Executive Committee of the Union shall consist of the Officers and the Chairman and Secretary of each Sub-Committee. (3) The Members of the Union shall be~ė) Representative; (ii) Individual. (i) Representative: Any religious, industrial, temperance, or other philanthropic body in the Municipal Borough of Dudley shall be entitled to elect four members to represent it. (ii) Individual : Any person desirous of promoting the objects of the Union shall be eligible for membership. (4) The Sub-Committees of the Union shall be (i) Temperance; (ii) Gambling; (iii) Social Purity; (iv) Labour; (v) Recreation; (vi) General Purposes.

LONDON REFORM SUNDAY. The London Reform Union has secured the support and promised co-operation of many ministers of all denominations for the Reform Sunday which it is proposed to observe in October. The following is an extract from the circular issued by J. Passmore Edwards, Presi

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dent, Thomas Lough, Chairman, and C. H. Shillinglaw, themselves, so that their united forces may be brought Secretary. The offices of the London Reform Union are to bear upon practical, social, and redemptive work, at 3, Arundel Street, Strand :

especially in the rural districts. The following parIt is suggested that on one Sunday in the year the clergy ticulars may be useful to churches in other counties and ministers within the administrative County of London which may be desirous of closing their ranks :might specially devote themselves to quickening the sense of

Its membership is to consist of (i.) Representatives of citizenship, the feeling of corporate responsibility, the recogni

(a) Associations of Free Churches and Free Churchmen; tion of social obligations, incumbent upon every London

(b) single churches; and (c) ministers' fraternals. (ii.) Indicitizen. It is, of course, not intended that the clergy and ministers

viduals who are subscribing members. The conditions of should make themselves the advocates of any particular

membership shall be — (1) nomination by the Council;

(2) agreement with the object and rules of the Federation; scheme of reform, still less of any particular party or

(3) subscription on the part of associations and individuals to organisation. The obligations of civic duty lie above and

its funds. beyond all political parties, and can, it is suggested, be treated Its methods of operation are to be the encouragement of without reference to any of them. Nor is any offertory or

united mission work, and of the social and moral well-being of collection of subscriptions asked for. What is urgently needed

the people; lectures on the history and principles of our Free is the active participation of all citizens in the common life of their city. The problems presented by London's huge aggre

Churches; and a central committee of privileges to maintain

the civil rights of Nonconformists against sacerdotal and other gation of poverty and degradation--the over-crowded and

encroachments. insanitary condition of the dwellings of so many of the

The Federation is to be organised in District Associations. working population, the demoralising irregularity of their

All the members of the Federation in each district shall be employment, the horrors of the sweating system, the drawbacks

called together once in the year to appoint its committee and arising from the segregation of the rich and the poor, the lack

to elect representatives to the Annual Conference of the of healthful recreation, beauty or rest, in “ the cities of the

Federation. The chief work of the District Committees shall poor”; the ravages of drink, vice and crime, among the poorly-fed, badly-housed and casually-employed denizens of

be, wherever practicable, the formation of Town or Parish

Councils, and, when they cannot be formed, the appointment the slums; the special difficulties connected with the trans

of correspondents, representing the Free Churches in every formation of the wife and mother into a wage-earner, and the

municipality or parish within the district. Such committees home into a workshop; above all, the squalor, coarseness and

and correspondents shall act on behalf of these churches and neglect, which are destroying the character and intelligence of

in concert with the central body in carrying out the objects of 80 many thousands of London's children-all these, it is felt,

the Federation. are subjects which no religiously-minded citizen dare ignore,

There is to be an Annual Conference of the Federation in but which, amid the pressure of private duties, are apt to be

autumn of each year to elect the officers and appoint a Council overlooked. Apathy with regard to public affairs is indeed London's greatest peril. Many well-intentioned citizens have

for the year. The Council shall appoint special committees

for evangelisation and practical Christian work; education, hitherto confined their citizenship to paying the rates and

literature, lectures, etc.; privileges, etc. obeying the law. At the present juncture, when so many hearts have been stirred by a new consciousness of London's needs and potentialities, and when a great change in the local

Indexing: Apprentice Wanted. machinery of public administration is about to take place, it appears more than ever desirable to enlist, for London's OUR Indexing Department will shortly require an administrative problems, the sober judgment and active help apprentice as assistant in the work of compilation and of the ministers of religion and of all devoutly-minded people. indexing. She must not be over twenty; and must have

a good English education, know French and German, "IF CHRIST CAME.”

and take an intelligent interest in current literature and I HAVE received many reports of lectures and sermons

politics. Applications, by letter only, to be addressed to preached in various parts of the country, upon the subject, Miss Hetherington, REVIEW OF Reviews Office, Mowbray “ If Christ came.” The Warden of Mansfield took as his House, Temple, London, W.C. subject, “ If Christ came to Canning Town.” A series of addresses on the theme, “If Christ came to Cardiff,”

A Sir Walter Scott Club. have been delivered to crowded audiences. The Unitarian minister in Norwich; the Rev. M. Walsh, the Baptist in

NOTWITHSTANDING the fact that the vast mass of

modern fiction has proceeded on lines far different from Newcastle, and many others, have preached on “If

those of the Waverley Novels, it is doubtful whether Sir Christ came to Chicago.” On Sunday, July 8th, I have a

Walter Scott was ever more popular or more widely conference in Leeds on the subject, “If Christ came to

read than he is at the present moment. The reader of Leeds.” On the 12th I speak in the Corn Exchange, to-day, perhaps, likes to turn aside occasionally to that Maidstone, on “ If Christ came to Maidstone;" and on great country of romance and chivalry which Sir Walter the 17th I address the Reunion Conference at Grindel made his own, finding that refreshment in “Ivanhoe" and wald “ On Some Lessons from Chicago."

“ The Bride of Lammermoor” which is lamentably far to

seek in the majority of recent novels. One sign of this THE FEDERATION OF THE FREE CHURCHES. interest in the great Scotch novelist is to be found in the

THE Review of the Churches for June 15th publishes the formation during June, at Edinburgh, of a Sir Walter reports of several of the sermons preached on the first Scott Club. The objects of the club are to have meetings, Reunion Sunday. Dr. Clifford's address is given in full,

at which addresses may be given bearing on the genius of It also gives an account of the progress of the reunion

Sir Walter, and the collection and preservation of letters

and other relics connected with his name. Full particumovement in the federation of the Free Churches of the

lars can be gained from the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Northern Midlands. A conference held in Nottingham

Kenneth Sanderson, 15, York Place, Edinburgh; but we in October, 1893, appointed a provisional committee may mention that the membership, which includes ladies, to prepare a scheme of federation. To this Federa is not restricted to Edinburgh, and that the annual tion all evangelical Free Churches are invited to join subscription is five shillings only.

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