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rock spoke of the cheapness of raising these seed- policy of the Forestry Department. Special menlings, and said that 65 bushels of cones had been tion should be made of the fact that the various gathered at Mont Alto this year.

women's clubs of Pennsylvania have uniformly, Mr. Frank G. Kennedy, Jr., stated that in when appealed to, lent the great help of their Mifflin County and vicinity one of the principal organization in shaping our work and policy. causes of forest fires was the young and irresponsi- i The Federation of Pennsylvania Women, at the ble hunters, who were out gunning during the meeting held in Carlisle, heartily endorsed what entire year. If the Legislature would pass a law has been done in the past, and our plans for the forbidding the selling of firearms to persons under future. It is impossible to overestimate the influtwenty-one years of age, it would aid in prevent. 'ence for good possessed by such a band of repreing many forest fires. He stated that the Logan sentative women from all parts of the CommonIron & Steel Company had spent last year but forty- wealth. With a courage which is invincible, and two dollars in fighting forest fires, while in a pre- with motives which are above the suspicion of any vious year fifteen hundred dollars, not including sordid or selfish purpose, they have entered the horse provender, etc., had been expended on two domain of public events to strive for whatever occasions on forest fires which burned over a uplifts mankind, or promotes the decencies of life; length of four to seven miles along the mountain, we must wish them Godspeed in their efforts. and had been started by hunters. It was a hard In all of our forestry work we have, up to this problem to solve. On motion adjourned. time, been seriously hindered by want of trained

wardens. I am gratified now to say that there

has been during the past year a decided improveReport of the General Secretary of the ment in this respect, which improvement has been Pennsylvania Forestry Association. in great measure due to the fact that our employés

have become more familiar with their duties. IT certainly indicates a hopeful state of mind There still remains the serious drawback with even

that your General Secretary should report the best of these men, that owing to lack of edu

himself more than satisfied by the advances cation in forestry they cannot take charge of work made in State Forestry work during the past in reforestation. One of our plantations has year. In fact, every important project outlined failed simply for want of competent supervision. for the period has been successfully inaugurated. The time is near at hand, we hope, when our While there have been serious reverses in the wardens will all be trained, practical foresters. forestry work of one of our neighboring States, The opening of the Forest Academy in Wiestling Pennsylvania has nothing of the kind to record. | Hall, at Mont Alto, has been auspiciously accom

The acquisition of land by the Commonwealth plished. At present there are thirteen young has been quietly, but successfully, continued. We men there engaged in forestry studies and in prachope to be in possession of 600,000 acres within tical forestry work. We have not aimed to open a few months. It is probable that under Gov a college. Our more modest aspiration has been ernor Pennypacker the million acre mark will be to fit young men for doing intelligently the elereached and possibly passed.

mentary forest work which the State has in hand. This is a proper place to say that Pennsylvania No doubt, out of this, something higher and betstill holds the record for a continued succession of ter will be evolved in the future. But let that governors who have given to the forestry move provide, Sufficient unto the day" is the work ment every possible aid, and who were in hearty thereof! sympathy with the work.

Details of the school will be found elsewhere, For intelligent advice and active help we as given by Mr. George H. Wirt, the Principal. must all be ever grateful to Governor Penny- i It is enough for present purposes to say that these packer.

pupils are mounted, uniformed, armed, wear The Legislature, in its last session, granted every the State Forestry badge, and will shortly be request made by the Department of Forestry, and i sworn in as special officers to protect the State manifested its appreciation of our work so posi- lands against fire and against depredators. The tively as to entitle the members to the best thanks effort to establish a corps spirit among them has of this Association.

been most successful. They are the State's From the public press we have also had a con- earliest representatives in the new profession of tinued support, without which our rapid advance forestry, and they have an honorable and comcould not have been possible.

mendable pride in their calling. It is impossible The women of the State, ever present in every to overestimate the importance of the fact that good work, are still the active advocates of the these men are mounted, and can in the shortest possible time be placed at any point in the South blessed with enough of this world's goods, else Mountain Reservation to suppress a forest fire. they would probably have gone to sites which were We have also now in some portions of the South ' more comfortable and where curative reputation Mountain Reservation the assistance of the tele- had been established. Often they are unable to phone in hurrying help to any point when needed. ' purchase sufficient food. They seldom have

During the past year better protection has been enough warm clothing to safely endure that expofurnished to our wardens. Comfortable houses sure to the winter air in which their largest hope for the men, and stables for their horses, have been lies. erected. More, however, are needed.

Oh, for money. Money which could be wisely Turning now from the State Forest Academy, spent to help those unfortunates and to prove I desire to call your attention to the State Sana- for all time that there is healing in the Pennsyltory Camp for Consumptives, located in the South vania Mountains for those suffering from that most Mountain range, about fifteen miles southeast of common and most dangerous disease, consumption, Chambersburg. In my judgment we should take which is communicable to the public. Money a very narrow view of the possibilities of State so given is less of a charity to the sufferer than it ownership of lands if we were to limit those lands is a protection to us and to our own families. to the production of timber. That would be Will not kind benefactors to our South Mountain forestry simple and pure, and all right so far as it Sanatorium arise in this hour of freezing need ? It went. But these lands belong to the people, were should be said here that but for the help of a few purchased for them, with their own money, and friends a year or more ago the start could not it requires no strong effort to realize that they, have been made in that locality, which convinced the people, the owners, are entitled to every the Legislature that there were substantial grounds benefit which they can derive from them without for the appropriation which they made later. The interfering with the general good of the Common- good results already gained by the South Mounwealth!

| tain institution are stimulating the citizens of It may be, no doubt is, an invasion of the field Harrisburg to open a similar one nearer home for which the forester claims as his own when these their own consumptives. Reservations are thrown open to the public for So all good works grow! It is noteworthy that sanatory purposes; we can, however, well afford the private assistance thus far rendered has been to endure the doubts and protests which may arise, mostly by those who were connected with this and calmly claim for Pennsylvania that she has Association, or with the various women's clubs of been the first State to deliberately plan that these the State. We need two thousand dollars now to Reservations shall be for the healing of her citi- do our best work there for our suffering, but curazens, as well as for the production of timber! ble, sick. The Sanatory Camp opens a new field

By Legislative enactment the sum of $8000 was for philanthropy. May those who have the means appropriated for the erection and maintenance of to enter it be inspired to do so! a Sanatorium on South Mountain. It was all that I am glad to announce that the good forestry was asked for! It was enough to prove whether, work done already in Pike County by the Yale or not, the plan of a mountain camp would be School is to be enlarged in the future, and that to successful in treatment of tuberculosis. If it was mere theoretical instruction a demonstration course not successful, then it was enough money to in the forest is to be added. waste !

Forestry is broader than State lines. It conSeven cottages and a large assembly building cerns the Nation. Many streams which arise in have been erected.

one State do their largest work, or greatest harm, During the six months which have elapsed since in another. The lumber once produced here was the institution opened, there have been thirty in- utilized in the commerce of the world. I would mates. Of these, six have returned to their therefore suggest that it would be wise if a portion homes cured. Four more are ready to go. Four of our State lands adjacent to Milford could be have been discharged for misconduct. One was turned over, upon suitable terms, for the work of returned as incurable. Two are much improved. | the Yale School. One died from excessive, surreptitious use of to The dearth of timber, but lately doubted and bacco. The remainder are improving, though not denied, is upon us. Its existence is practically all so rapidly as we could desire. Surely this is a acknowledged by the fact that prices have risen, satisfactory record for an institution where every- and also by the fact that wood-consuming industhing is still in the rough, unfinished condition, tries are now competing with the State in the purand where all that the State furnishes is shelter, chase of lands. This leads to two statements : water and air. As a rule, our patients are not 1. That the period of forest conservatism has arrived and that the next step of these industries Report of Council of the Pennsylvania must be to place the lands which they acquire

Forestry Association. under scientific forestry management. This will provide work in the near future for all properlytrained foresters. 2. The State must actively URING the past year the Council meetings begin, not simply timber protection, but timber

have been well attended, a quorum being production.

present at all of them. The June meetThere are many thousands of cords of wood ing, an especially representative one, was held on now available for pulp on the State lands, which invitation of Col. R. Bruce Ricketts at Ganoga could be cut to the benefit of the remaining Lake, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, where the timber and marketed to the advantage of the members who assembled from different sections of State.

the State had an opportunity to exchange views In less than two years our State Nursery will and inspect the fine forests, streams and beautiful have more than a million of young seedlings ready falls in the vicinity of the lake. to transplant.

In the general forestry work of the State deFor the present, we will be obliged to confine cided progress was made in 1903. Five forestry our planting to the abandoned farms which have bills introduced in the Legislature became laws. come into possession of the State in its larger One act authorized the appointment of a Deputy purchases. There is no use in planting open Commissioner of Forestry and an additional woods until our system of protection against fires clerk. A second conferred upon persons emhas become better organized.

ployed by the Commissioner of Forestry, for the Our fire laws are all right, and need only an in- ' protection of the forest reservations, the right to telligent enforcement by county officers to render arrest without warrant offenders against the laws them effective. The fact is evident enough to all protecting timber lands, etc., either on the reserwho care to learn that in spite of the annual spring vations or lands adjacent to them. A third bill and autumn fires the destruction over the State at limited the amount to be expended by the State large is being better limited each season. During Forestry Reservation Commission in any one fiscal the past year the protection of the lands owned by year to $300,000, but this did not affect contracts the State from fire was better than ever before, already made for the purchase of lands. A fourth and comparatively little timber was lost. It is act appropiated $8000 for the erection and mainthe duty of the county officials to see to it that tenance of a sanatorium on the South Mountain forest lands owned by private parties, and for pro Reservation, this sum to cover the expenditures tection of which taxes are paid, should have the for two years, commencing June 1, 1903. The protection paid for.

fifth bill authorized the purchase of lands and The wisdom of encouraging private parties to buildings adjacent to, or their erection on, the engage in timber culture by furnishing them Mont Alto Reservation for a forestry school at a seedlings from the State Nursery at a nominal cost not to exceed $600o, also $10,000 additional cost is, I think, beyond dispute. It is to be for instruction in forestry for forest wardens at hoped that the next Legislature will authorize us said school for two years, ending June 1, 1905. to do so.

| All of these laws are now operative, the sanatoForestry, especially in its inception, does not rium is an accomplished fact, and the forestry lend itself readily to exposition. Nevertheless, school successfully inaugurated. the Forestry Department will be represented at During the year considerable land was added to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, which is to be the State forest reserves, the total now reaching held during the coming year in St. Louis. We about 600,000 acres, but this is not one-half the hope our exhibit will be creditable.

acreage reserved in the neighboring State of New The work of the future will be mainly upon York, where there are over 1,400,000 acres, the lines already commenced, which means, in other greater portion being in the Adirondack Region. words, that forestry work in Pennsylvania is the forest nursery established near Mont Alto, already fully inaugurated and needs only to be Pa., has been well managed and is giving excelfurther extended. We ask your active co-opera- lent results. tion in the future, as in the past.

The General Secretary, Dr. Rothrock, will in I desire here to thank this Association for the his report present interesting details in regard to vigorous and effective help it has rendered the the status of the work in this State supplementing State Department. And I especially wish to thank the above outline. the officers of the Association for their time. The past year has witnessed the inauguration of consuming, unselfish labors.

a new Governor, the Hon. Samuel W. Penny------- --- packer (who like his predecessors, Governors their wise counsel, willing co-operation and inStone, Hastings, Pattison and Beaver), is taking terest in the work of the Association will be an active interest in the forestry reservations, and missed. it is hoped that during his administration the ad- At annual meeting the question of changing the vance of the work will be rapid, particularly in constitution of the Association, so that in future securing additional lands for forest reserves, in the annual dues will be $2 instead of $1, and life inaugurating a policy of caring for all the membership $25 instead of $15 as heretofore, is to reserves already secured, and enforcing the laws be acted on. The Council at the June meeting for the prevention of forest fires.

recommended this change to the Association. Both of the Spring Arbor Days proclaimed by The Council also desires to place on record its the Governor, and the Autumn Arbor Day which is appreciation of the work of the various Comselected by the Superintendent of Public Instruc- mittees, and the generous aid which has always tion, were generally celebrated, especially by the been accorded by the press throughout the State. schools, thus encouraging the coming generation to become even more interested in forest preserva- ! Part of the Treasurer of the Pennsyl. tion and utilization than its predecessor.

vania Forestry Association. The national forest reserves have also been increased during the past year, the total area of the

M HE financial year of the Pennsylvania Forestry reserves in the United States and Alaska now

Association ends December 1, 1903, and being over 63,000,000 acres. This does not include

the following is a statement for the year the reserves in our insular possessions, there being closing on that day: over 250,000 acres in the Hawaiian Islands, nearly 66,000 acres in Porto Rico, and about 47,000,000

Treasurer's Statement to December 1, 1903. acres in the Philippine Islands, of which 20,000,

DR. ooo acres are stated to be virgin forest. All of

To balance on hand December 1, 1902, . . $ 71 44 these reserves in the United States are west of the Cash, annual dues to November 30, 1903, . 1312 10 Mississippi River, with the exception of one at the

Cash, donations and subscriptions, . . 802 00 headwaters of this stream, and the larger number

Cash, Life Membership fees

435 00

Cash, sale of FOREST LEAVES and advertise are in the Rocky Mountain or Sierra Nevada

ments, . . . ,

149 03 regions, where they are especially valuable in ' Cash, rent and office expenses paid by the maintaining stream flow, and in supplying existing!

City Parks' Association and Woman's and prospective irrigating canals.

Sanitary League, .

16 00 The forestry associations in other States, as well

Cash, interest on Life Membership bond and
deposits, . . . . .

. .


60 as the national organization, are making an active

60 Cash, County Branch dves'

Cues, . . . 4. 50 propaganda; but we regret the closing of the New York College of Forestry, owing to an adverse

Total, . . . . . $2950 83 report of the Committee of the Legislature, and trust it may soon be reopened.

| By cash, sundries, postage, office rent, etc., . $385 06 Many of the railroads of this country, owing to

Publication of FOREST LEAVES, .

952 58

Assistant Secretary's salary, . the constantly increasing cost of ties, are investi


600 00 Life Membership fund,

435 00 gating the desirability of securing suitable forest Expenses of Membership Committee, .

75 50 lands on which to raise their own tie timber, using Meetings, expenses of, .

24 35 scientific forestry methods, and a number have

Contributions to Consumptive Sanatoriums on

Mont Alto Reservation, . . already either purchased or set aside tracts for this

. . 150 00

Balance on hand December 1, 1903, . . 328 34 purpose. At the last annual meeting our total membership

$2950 83 was 1735 ; since that time 93 persons have united

Forest Leaves Fund. with the Association, 28 resigned, 43 were


. . . $1495 42 dropped, and 32 died, showing a net loss of 10,

Cash on hand, . making the present membership 1725. The roll would have shown a gain as heretofore, but

$1703 42 for the members dropped for non-payment of

Life Membership Fund.

· · · · · $1089 59 We regret to announce the death of two active Cash on hand, . . . .

605 41 members of Council, Mr. Joseph W. Johnston and

$1695 00 Mr. Theodore D. Rand. Both have been actively

CHARLES E. PANCOAST, identified with the Association for many years; i



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The “Grange."

Ashhurst also succeeded in buying back a portion

of the old estate lying south and west of the man“ Ver ubi longum tepidasque præbet

sion, which had been sold to other parties by Mr. Jupiter brumas." —HORATII, Carm. II., vi, 17.

Brinton. M HE Grange, located in Haverford Town- Approaching the Grange through heavy stone

ship, Delaware County, Pa., is one of the gate-posts, a straight avenue is entered forty-five

many notable country-seats surrounding : feet in width and perhaps a quarter of a mile Philadelphia, its period of greatest fame being long. The roadway occupies only the middle that immediately succeeding the Revolutionary third, while either side is adorned by a strip of war. Situated on Cobb's Creek, just beyond the lawn fifteen feet broad, at whose outer sides grow boundaries of the city, half-way between the old ' rows of stately deciduous trees. The usual obHaverford Road and the West Chester turnpike, jection to straight avenues, that of monotony, it is in the midst of a rich farming country, al- does not apply here, as the attention is animated though removed only about seven miles from the by a panoramic view of pasture-lands to the left City Hall.

| as we rise over a gentle slope, which exposes at the In 1682 a Welsh Quaker, by name Henry, further end of the avenue a fitting terminal to the Lewis, selected this spot as his wilderness abode, , straight road, in the shape of a gurgling stream, and erected a stone house, which still remains, the Cobb's Creek of the present day, the Karaforming the rear of the mansion of to-day, and kung Karkus of the Indians, and the Mill Kill of named his estate Maën-coch.

| the early settlers. This stream runs across the About 1750 this estate was purchased from the road, from right to left, splashing over rocks from second generation of the Lewis family by Captain a thickly wooded region above, and below lapsing John Wilcox, or Wilcocks, who added to the silently into the mellow sunlight of the pasture buildings and named his place “ Clifton Hall." fields, where the gentle herds of cattle stand idly This gentleman kept slaves busy on it.

in the shadow of the trees that here and there In 1770 Captain Wilcox's son-in-law, Mr. John guard its bank. Cruickshank, a Scotch gentleman, purchased the For the true lover of nature, however, the apestate of Clifton Hall and commenced the land proach towards the house has already been too scape gardening which, since continued, has made rapid. On leaving the highway we should have the place, in this respect, unexcelled in the sur- paused within the gate (where at once a cool air rounding country. Mr. Cruickshank repaired the from the distant stream wafts across our path), in house; gave it the name of the Grange, in admiration of a massive forest of sturdy trees to compliment to General Lafayette, whose native the right. Bordering the avenue on each side is home in France was so named ; built green- a closely set row of three-thorned acacia trees, houses ; cut the terraced walks in the flower gar- formerly planted as a hedge, but now, with the den; and at his death, in 1783, left the adorn- growth and judicious trimming of fifty years, ment of the grounds to be continued by his forming beneath their arching branches an adson-in-law, Mr. John Ross. It was during the mirable shade. Further along the drive we find ownership of the Grange by Mr. John Ross, and the trunk, handsome still in its decay, of an imthe latter's son Charles, that it was at the height mense pin-oak, standing a little forward from the of its Colonial splendor, when Generals Wash rank of trees of more moderate size, as if conington, Lafayette, Knox and Mifflin; Franklin, scious of the superiority conferred by age. Talleyrand, Marbois, Volney, and other famous Glancing along the rows of stately and graceful men of the day, made it their resort of summer trunks of sycamore, tulip, maple and beech, with afternoons.

an occasional horse-chestnut or a catalpa, valuable In 1810 the estate was sold to Mr. John H. in a landscape for their brilliant flowers in spring Brinton, who in 1816 sold the greater part of the time, across a second field to the right is seen a estate to Manuel Eyre. After Mr. Eyre's death, group of weeping willows, and, as if father to the which occurred in 1845, the Grange was pur- thought, discern that they surround a fair-sized chased from his executors by Dennis Kelly ; but pond of water. Standing as sentinels on each the house and pleasure-grounds continued to be side of the bridge are huge trunks of black walnut, occupied by John Ashhurst, Mr. Eyre's son-in- along whose myriad branches the red squirrel delaw, who leased this from Mr. Kelly. In 1849 lights to skip, laying carefully by his store of Mr. Kelly sold to John Ashhurst a portion of the winter nuts. Crossing the bridge and leaving the estate, including the mansion, plantations and realm of unshorn nature, rare shrubs of varied pleasure-grounds, and the house was largely re- hue and form of foliage greet the eye. The road built by Mr. Ashhurst in 1850. In 1864 Mr. | now winds slowly to the right around a steep in

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