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Grath's new romance of the “Goose Girl.” Were it not for the presence of an American consul, the story might take wings and fly. As it is, the characters are all in disguise, unconscious or intentional. A prince in disguise has fallen in love with the Goose Girl; the American has fallen in love with a princess. The demands of state forbid all happiness, when, hey! presto! three men in disguise, after a whirlpool of intrigue, reveal that the Goose Girl is the true princess, and the princess but a count's daughter. And they married and lived happily ever after.

To our childhood minds, Grimm's fairy princess had no need of character, provided that she lived in a palace and was superlatively beautiful. The princess Hildegarde is a stock princess with slight American variations. All the personages of the story are, in fact, like the pieces in a picture puzzle, conventional romatic types in themselves, but presenting a vital part in the construction of the whole.

Perhaps it is also because of our childhood associations with Grimm that we look to Germany as fairy-godmother to all goose girls and queens. To MacGrath's seething plot it gives, at least, an appearance of fact. One is haunted throughout, however, by the conviction that the characters are playing to the footlights of a dramatized novel, and that the nature descriptions are directions for stage scenery.

Yet the very vagueness of scene and characterization make of the “Goose Girl” an ideal summer novel. Above all, it makes us children again, and if, some day, it follows its prototype, the Prisoner of Zenda, to the stage, we shall all be ready to clap when the “Goose Girl” turns a princess.

INDIAN PLACE NAMES

Under the title of a “Dictionary of Indian Place and Proper Names in New England,” Dr. R. A. DouglasLithgow has collected the most of what is known on this subject. “These words,” says the preface, “represent

almost all that remains of the aboriginal inhabitants of this country, a brave, noble and patriotic race.”

The names are arranged first by states, beginning with Maine, and under each state a simple alphabetical arrangement is followed. Discussion and differences of opinion are omitted and the information given is severely condensed.

To this collection of names is added a descriptive list of all the tribes known to have inhabited this district and a considerable glossary of Abenaki and Natick Indian words.

Dr. Douglas-Lithgow deserves the gratitude of historical scholars for this painstaking and useful work. It is published by #. Salem Press Company, Salern, Mass.

It was with the deepest interest that we learned that the interesting articles on Switzerland, of which we are this month publishing the third and last instalment, were from the pen of the late George Presbury Rowell, founder of “Printer's Ink,” Rowell's American Newspaper Directory, and up to the time of his death one of the foremost advertising men in the coutnry.

In 1906 he published “Forty Years an Advertising Agent,” a book of fiftytwo papers which made their first appearance in the pages of “Printer's Ink,” where they were read with such deep interest as to create a demand for them in a more permanent form.

The book is the ripe experience of a cultured gentleman who had become an expert in an important field.

Mr. Rowell honored and dignified his subject because he was himself an honor to the work which he had chosen.

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BOSTON

Monthly Letter for New England Magazine

The transportation department of the Boston Chamber of Commerce, established the first of May, has, after only four months, begun to display remafkable success in obtaining results. The improvement of facilities into and out of Boston, both by rail and water, is already evident.

On the 15th of August, the first trip of the new 20th Century Limited to Chicago was made over the New York Central. This means that Boston now has the service that has been enjoyed by New York for a number of years. Six hours have been clipped off the running time between Boston and Chicago. In a round trip, it means considerably more than a day's worth of a business man's time. A man who must pay a brief visit to Chicago, for intance, can do half a day's work in Boston and leave on the 20th Century at one o'clock, getting his luncheon on the train. He will be in Chicago the next morning at 8.30, time enough to go to his hotel and remove the dust of travel and still reach his objective point by the time business commences. He may devote the better part of the day to his errand, take luncheon, perhaps, with his customer, and catch the 20th Century back to Boston at 2.30 in the afternoon, arriving here ten minutes before noon on the second day after he left his own office.

This train was put on through the efforts of the transportation department of the Chamber of Commerce with the co-operation of J. H. Hustis, Manager of the Boston & Albany.

Another trade asset is the establishment of a direct line to Havana, which will mean that Boston shippers to Cuba will be able to save considerable amount of charges. At present they have to ship through New York. With the establishment of a new line, they will save the cost of sending their goods to the metropolis, as the rate from Boston to Havana will, at least, be as low as that from New York. Another advantage will be the elimination of trans-shipment at the New York docks, where the goods, not under the eye of the Boston shipper, are not always handled as satisfactorily as at home. The first sailing will be about the middle of September.

When the success of the department under Mr. Ives is noted, it is further gratifying to learn that he has been put in charge, also, of the new depart

- ment of manufactures and industry,

This will include the work of the committees on fuel supply, transportation, industrial development, and possibly maritime affairs. It ought to mean much for the growth of industry in New England.

HARTFORD IN THE ORIENT

The Hartford Board of Trade has extended an invitation to the Japanese merchants, who are to visit this country in September, and whose itinerary includes a visit to the chief manufacturing cities of New England, to come to Hartford. We expect them about the middle of October, although definite information on the trip here has not yet been received. Many of the factories of this city have extensive Oriental trade relations, and the board of trade believes that if the merchants from the other side of the world are given an opportunity to visit these factories the result will be of mutual advantage. It is intended to take the visitors through the works of the Colt Patent Fire Arms Company, one of the most wonderful plants of its kind in this country. The splendid plant of the Underwood Typewriter Manufacturing Company will also be a point of interest, while the Pratt & Whitney Company, manufacturers of machinery, to whom the Australian government recently awarded a big contract over English and other firms, will demand much attention from the visitors. These concerns have all resumed normal working conditions; in fact, some of them are working overtime, thus indicating the return of prosperity. In general the industrial situation in Hartford is most encouraging at present. The Pope Manufacturing Company, which recently went through a receivership experience, is again on its financial feet, having paid its creditors in full with accrued interest. The Electric Vehicle Company has been reorganized and is turning out a car that is in much demand. It is the intention of the Board of Trade to resume its “smoke talks” early in September, at which topics of vital interest to the community will be discussed. These gatherings are beneficial not only because of the publicity attending their discussions, but in that they keep in action the men whose public efforts spell public progress.

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THOMAS J. KELLEY.

PORTLAND IN MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS

It was only a short time ago that Portland Board of Trade received scant consideration from our City Government. If, perchance, the Board had the audacity to make a suggestion to the municipal authorities, it was considered presumptuous and received little or no attention.

Now this feeling was all wrong. In municipal affairs the Board of Trade should lead the City Government, direct

its efforts and advise in all matters of general importance to the interests of the town, whether commercial or otherwise. It should always strive to keep in the most close and friendly relations with the city or town officials, and advise with them on all matters of vital public interest, and being an absolutely non-partisan body, composed of the most influential citizens, financially, commercially and industrially, their counsel should be most cordially received at any and all times. Portland Board ignored these rebuffs, and made overtures along the lines enumerated above, giving an assurance that it had no spirit to dictate or usurp the power of the government. What was the result? To-day the Board of Trade and City Government work together as a unit on all public issues. Scarcely a question of a public nature comes up before either body now but that the other is invited to co-operate, and the joint committees represent the best material of both organizations. Now, when the Board believes the government should consider a matter of public weal, the suggestion is cordially received and given its most serious thought, while on the other hand, when an especially knotty problem confronts the municipal authorities they do not consider it belittling to advise with the Board of Trade. At the invitation of the City Government, the Board often holds public hearings to discuss live issues, and from the sentiments there expressed the city of— ficials are in a position to act more intelligently, having gained a tolerably clear idea of what the people favor, regardless of party lines. Portland is fast becoming a great convention city. There are many gatherings that require more or less entertainment. These gatherings almost invariably are brought here on the joint invitation of the Board of Trade and City Government, and the expense entailed is always shared jointly by the two bodies. The Board of Trade, for several years past, has been conducting a publicity campaign for the benefit of Portland, and in this the municipal government was loath to participate, necessitating the Board, through its advertising committee, raising all the funds by a doorto-door subscription. This year, however, having been convinced of the splendid results attained, the government made a liberal appropriation, which means a much broader field of publicity than heretofore was possible.

RESIDENCE E. ANDERSON, NASHUA, N. H.

By these closer relations not only has the Board's membership been brought into closer touch with municipal affairs, but it has also awakened in the city officials a deeper interest in the Board of Trade and its work, with the result of an increased membership from the ranks of the City Government, a class of public spirited men that necessarily enhance the working force of the Board.

It may be that the former distant relations existing between the Portland City Government and the Board of Trade is an exception to the general rule throughout New England. We

hope this is so, but if there are other communities now existing under similar conditions, no time should be wasted in correcting same. Get together without delay, for until the two . bodies are working hand in hand, with absolute faith one in the other, it is utterly impossible for a city or town to grow to its fullest power and glory. MAURICE C. RICH, Secretary. Portland Board of Trade.

SOUTH FRAMINGHAM

The innovation adopted by the Boston Chamber of Commerce, as noted in the August NEw ENGLAND MAGAzine, ought to become the policy of all commercial organizations. A system of arbitration, properly carried out, ought to be of great value to all such bodies, not only in insuring more prompt adjustment of differences and the lessening of litigation and, consequently, greatly reduced expense, but in the creation of a better feeling

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