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An interesting account of "The Scandinavian Countries and the War" is given by Johan Castberg in the "Contemporary Review" for February. Denmark, the writer states, is still bitter over the tyrannical conduct of the Germans towards a quarter of a million Danes in Schleswig; and there is bound to be a coldness between the Scandinavian countries and Germany until this is changed. On the other hand, all Scandinavia-but Sweden in particular -mourns with Finland in her suffering, and fears Russia. Since the opening of the European war, however, the Scandinavians have felt the Russian danger to be less imminent; and their deep sympathy for Belgium has increased their anti-German feeling. They welcomed British interference in the war, and Germany's defense of her action has had no effect.

Louis Bertrand, in "Revue des Deux Mondes" for December 15, discusses "Nietzsche and the War." The works of Nietzsche, M. Bertrand believes, were tremendously influenced by the war of 1870, which made a profound im

pression upon the German philosopher's diseased sensibilities. And his writings and others like them produced the present war. Were Nietzsche living to-day, he could say in very truth," This is my war."

In the same number of the "Revue" is a discussion of The European Conflict, According to the Diplomatic Docu ments," by Professor Guglielmo Ferrero. Professor Ferrero's conclusions are that Germany is to blame for the war; that the war was caused by the pan-German propaganda, which created a situation which the German government could not resist. He suggests that further investigation of the question may prove that the responsible element in Germany was reduced to playing the role of executors of the will of the irresponsible."


John Bassett Moore, in an article entitled, "Is there a Latin America?" ("Independent," January 18) calls attention to the remarkable character of the "A, B, C" media. tion of last spring. The efforts of the representatives of the three leading South American republics, he writes, relieved the strained relations between the United States and Mexico, and set a precedent by recognizing those powers as equals of the United States, and admitted by implication that "differences which gravely menace the relations of individual American states are matters of concern to all the American nations." If these principles are adhered to, the relations of the American nations will eventually be placed upon a basis of "confidence, respect and friendly cooperation."


American History.

Abbot, Willis J. The story of our army for young Americans. N. Y.: Dodd, Mcad. 687 pp. $2.00, net. Andrews, Charles M. Guide to the materials for American history to 1783, in the Public Record Office of Great Britain. Vol. 2, Departmental and miscellaneous papers. Wash., D. C.: Carnegie Inst. 427 pp. $3.00. Aurner, Clarence R. History of education in Iowa. 2 vols. Iowa City, Ia.: State Hist. Soc. 436, 469 pp. $2.00. Bakenhus, Reuben, and others. The Panama Canal, its history [etc.]. N. Y.: Wiley. 257 pp. $2.50, net. Bennett, Charles W., and others. Historical sketches of the 9th Michigan Infantry [etc.]. Coldwater, Mich.: Daily Courier Print. 103 pp. 75 cents, net. Berkeley, Sir W. A discourse and view of Virginia; London, 1633. Norwalk, Conn.: W. H. Smith, Jr., Coleburn Bldg. 11 pp. $5.00. net.

Brooks, Robert P. The agrarian revolution in Georgia; 1865-1912. Madison, Wis.: Univ. of Wis. 129 pp. (7 pp. bibl.).

Cole, Arthur C. The Whig party in the South. Wash.,

D. C. Am. Hist. Asso. 392 pp. (22 pp. bibl.). $1.50.
To members, $1.00.


de Forest, Emily Johnston. A Walloon family in America, 1500-1848. In 2 vols. Boston: Houghton; Mifflin. 313, 390 pp. (61⁄2 pp. bibl.). $5.00, net. Franciscan sisters of the perpetual adoration. A history of the U. S. for Catholic schools. Chicago: Scott, Free673 pp. $1.00. Hale, William T. History of De Kalb Co., Tenn. Nashville, Tenn.: P. Hunter. 254 pp. $1.00. Harrington, M. R. Sacred bundles of the Sac and Fox Indians. Phila. Univ. of Pa. Museum. 123-262 pp. $5.00, net. Hoffman, Frederick L. The economic progress of the U. S. during the last seventy-five years. [Newark, N. J.: Prudential Press.] 24 pp. Gratis.

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Kingsley, Nelson. Diary of Nelson Kingsley, a California Argonaut of 1849. Berkeley, Cal.: Univ. of Cal. 178 pp. $1.00.

McKee, Jos. V., and Roemer, L. S. The period of discovery. N. Y.: Century Co. 176 pp. 50 cents. Military Hist. Soc. of Mass. Civil and Mexican Wars, 1861, 1846. Boston [the Society]. $2 50. Russell, Osborne. Journal of a trapper in the Rocky Mountains, 1834-1843. [Boise, Id.: Synes-York Co., Inc. 105 pp.] Not for sale. Siebert, Wilbur H. The exodus of the loyalists from Penobscot to Passamaquoddy. Columbus, O.: State Univ. 43 pp.

Ancient History.

Caesar, C. Julius. The civil war; with an English trans. by A. G. Peskett. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 369 pp. $1.50, net. Davis, Gladys M. N. The Asiatic Dionysos. N. Y.: Macmillan. 276 pp. (bibls.). $3.25, net. Davis, William Stearns. A day in old Athens. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 254 pp. $1.25.

Dio Cocceianus, Cassius. Dio's Roman History. In 9 vols. Vol. 3. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 519 pp. $1.50.

Eugippius. Life of St. Severus; trans. into English by George W. Robinson. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. 141 pp. (42 pp. bibl.). $1.50, net. Hall, Harry R. H. Aegean Archeology. N. Y.: Putnam. 269 pp. $3.75, net. Harper, Robert F.

Assyrian and Babylonian letters belonging to the Kuoyunjik collection of the British Museum. Pt. 14. Chicago: Univ. of Chic. 16 pp. + pls. $6.00, net. Koldeway, Robert. The excavations at Babylon. N. Y.: Macmillan. 335 pp. $5.25, net. Plutarch. Plutarch's Lives, with an English trans. by Bernadotte Perrin. In 10 vols. Vols. 1 and 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 582, 630 pp. Each $1 50, net.

Poebel, Arno. Babylonian grammatical texts. $2.00 Historical and grammatical texts, $10.00. Historical texts, $5.00. Phila.: Univ. of Penna.; Pubs. of Babylonian Section. Procopius. Procopius, with an English trans. by H. B. Denring. In 6 vols. Vol. 1, History of the Wars, Pts. 1 and 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 583 pp. $1.50, net.

Xenophon. Cyropedia, with an English trans. by Walter Miller. In 2 vols. Vol. 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 478 pp. $1.50, net.

English History.

Brown, Peter H. The Legislative union of England and Scotland. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 208 pp. $2.50, net. Esdaile, Arundell, compiler. The age of Elizabeth (15471603). N. Y.: Macmillan. 120 pp. 35 cents, net. Oman, Charles W. C. A history of the Peninsular War. In 6 vols. Vol. 5, Oct., 1811, to Aug. 31. 1812. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 634 pp. $4.75, net.

European History.

Baldwin, Elbert F. The world war. N. Y.: Macmillan. 267 pp. $1.25, net. Baudissin, Wolf, Count von. Life in a German crack regiment. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 319 pp. $1.00, net. Bourne, Henry E. The Revolutionary period in Europe 1763-1815). N. Y.: Century Co. 494 pp. (16 pp. bibl.). $2.50, net.

European War, The. Reading lists. Pratt Inst., Brooklyn. 12 pp. Gratis. Jacksonville, Fla., Pub. Library. 8 pp. Gratis.

Golder, Frank A. Russian expansion on the Pacific, 16411850. Cleveland: A. H. Clark Co. 368 pp. (10 pp. bibl). $5.00.

Guedalla, Philip. The partition of Europe, 1715-1815.
N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 311 pp. $1.10, net.
Johnson, Rossiter. The war in Europe. N. Y.: Sully and
Kleinteich. 416 pp. $2.00, net.

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Boyd, John. Sir George Etienne Cartier, a political history of Canada from 1814 to 1873. N. Y.: Macmillan. 439 pp. (bibls.). $5.00, net. Daval, Ralph. A handbook of American pageantry. Taunton, Mass.: Daval Pub. Co. 236 pp. $2.50.

U. S. Lib. of Congress. A list of geographical atlases in the library [etc.]. Vol. 3, Titles. 3266-4087. Wash., D. C.: Govt. Pt. Off. 1371030 pp. $1.25. Who's Who, 1915. N. Y.: Macmillan. 2375 pp. $3.75, net.

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Batiffol, Louis. The Duchesse de Chevreuse. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 353 pp. $3.00, net.

Sears, Lorenzo. John Hay, author and statesman. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 150 pp. $1.00, net.

Oster, J. E. The political and economic doctrines of John Marshall. N. Y.: Neale Pub. Co. 369 pp. $3.00, net. Moore, Walter W. Appreciations and historical addresses. Richmond, Va.: Presby. Com. of Pub, 6-8 N. Sixth Street. 167 pp. 75 cents. Yorck von Wartenberg, Maximilian, Count. Napoleon as a general. In 2 vols. N. Y.; Dutton. 373, 427 pp. $10.00, net.

Russell, Charles E. Wendell Phillips. Chicago: Kerr. 185 pp. 50 cents.

Government and Politics.

Aurner, Clarence R. History of township government in Iowa. Iowa City, Ia.: State Hist. Soc. 266 pp. (32 pp. bibl). $2.00.

Bernhardi, Gen. Frederick von. Britain as Germany's
vassal. N. Y.: Doran. 255 pp. $1.00, net.
Coker, Francis W. Readings in political philosophy. N. Y.:
Macmillan. 573 pp. $2.25, net.

Cook, Silas A. The essence of the ethics of politics. N. Y.
and Cin.: Abingdon Press. 348 pp. $1.25, net.
Esentials in civil government. N. Y.:
Am. Bk. Co. 251 pp. 60 cents.

Forman, S. E.

Holt, Lucius H. An introduction to the study of government. N. Y.: Macmillan. 358 pp. $2.00, net. Howe, Frederic C. The modern city and its problems. N. Y.: Scribner. 390 pp. (61⁄2 pp. bibl.). $1.50, net. Roosevelt, Theodore. America and the world war. N. Y.: Scribner. 277 pp. 75 cents, net. Secrist, Horace. An economic analysis of the constitutional restrictions upon public indebtedness in the United States. Madison, Wis.: Univ. of Wis. 131 pp. (5 pp. bibl). Stockton, Richard. Peace Insurance. Chicago: McClurg. 214 pp. $1.00, net.

Outline Maps of Europe

Will help teachers and scholars to visualize the European struggle, and make possible the depicting of alliances and army movements.

Desk and Wall Sizes

of Europe and all its principal divisions, showing the physical features in each case, can be procured in the well-known series of

McKinley Outline Maps

Write for samples of these maps and of others suitable in the study of any period of history or any phase of geography, to the publishers.





I want to tell you how pleased I am with the Sanford History Maps. It is safe to say that there is no one set of maps anywhere that will be found as helpful to the teacher and to the student as this series.

I was rather skeptical as to the value of such a chart in history teaching in the high school, but I find myself using it constantly. It is a ready source of information, it expresses concretely many things that would take long to explain; it affords a basis for map work. The maps on the development of the West, the growth of population, immigration, railways, etc., are especially useful.

I think that no school history room is complete without this series.

The History Teacher's Magazine

Published monthly, except July and August, at 1619-1621 Ranstead Street, Philadelphia, Pa., by MCKINLEY PUBLISHING CO.

P. M. MELCHOIR, Head, History Dept., Girard College, Philadelphia, Pa.


PROF. HENRY JOHNSON, Teachers College, Columbia University, Chairman.

PROF. FRED. M. FLING, University of Nebraska.

MISS ANNA B. THOMPSON, Thayer Academy, South Braintree, Mass.

PROF. GEORGE C. SELLERY, University of Wisconsin.
PROF. ST. GEORGE L. SIOUSSAT, Vanderbilt University.
DR. JAMES SULLIVAN, Boys' High School, Brooklyn, N. Y.
ALBERT E. McKINLEY, Ph.D., Managing Editor

Reports from the Historical Field-WALTER H. CUSHING.
Periodical Literature-MARY W. WILLIAMS.

Book Reviews-WAYLAND J. CHASE.

Recent Historical Publications-CHARLES A. COULOMB.

Sanford's New Series of American History Maps



After a very careful examination and
a thorough test in our history classes
here I have recommended the purchase
of the Sanford American History Maps.
I do not hesitate to say that I consider
them the best maps on the market for
the teaching of American history. You
are at liberty to quote my opinion, as I
think aids of this kind should be found
in every school history room.

Yours very truly,


SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, two dollars a year; single copies, twenty cents each.

REDUCED RATE of one dollar a year is granted to members of the
American Historical Association, and to members of local and
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Head, History Dept., State Normal
School, Winona, Minn.


Thank you very kindly for submitting the Sanford U. S. History Maps to me.

I have examined all of them care-
fully, find them very satisfactory
indeed, and shall seek to add as
many of them as possible to
our equipment.

Very truly yours,
Head, Dept. of History,
Washington, D. C.,
High Schools.

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H. T. M.



& CO. 623 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago, Ill.


You may ship on approval 1 complete set of 32 Sanford American History Maps with Teacher's Manual and tripod supporter. If satisfactory we shall keep and pay $24.00 for same. If unsatisfactory we shall return at your expense.

Official Position


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Published monthly, except July and August, by McKinley Publishing Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
Copyright, 1915, McKinley Publishing Co. Entered as second-class matter, Oct. 26, 1909, at Post-office at Phila., Pa., under Act of March 3, 1879

An attractive new history course that gives the needed background for the interpretation of present events

Outlines of European History

In the present state of European affairs, schools desire, for class or reference use, some authentic work that will shed light on the origin and development of the great European powers as to-day constituted, and the relations that these powers bear to each other.

OUTLINES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY, written by authorities in their subjects, not only fills this need admirably, but is in full accord with the new spirit in the teaching of history. With these two volumes in hand, the teacher can cover general European history satisfactorily in two years, leaving the third year for American history. Emphasis throughout is placed on conditions and institutions rather than on unrelated events, while by devoting Part II to the history of the last two hundred years, the course directs the pupil's attention especially to the problems and developments that are of present-day import.

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