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Preussische Jahrbücher" for December contains an article by Pastor Lic. Ernst Rollfs, of Osnabrück, upon "The Spirit of 1914"-the spirit which moved the people of Germany at the outbreak of the great war. Through this general religious spirit, the writer states, German Catholics and Protestants and Social Democrats were united and inspired with a willingness to sacrifice their all in the service of duty.

Austria, unlike Russia and Germany, permits her Polish subjects to preserve their spirit of nationality-to sing their old songs and to glorify their past. They practically govern themselves, but must pay taxes to Austria and serve in the Austrian army. This comparison is made by William Joseph Showalter, in an article entitled, "Partitioned Poland," appearing in the "National Geographic Magazine" for January.

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An interesting account of "The Scandinavian Countries and the War" is given by Johan Castberg in the "Contemporary Review" for February. Denmark, the writer states, is still bitter over the tyrannical conduct of the Germans towards a quarter of a million Danes in Schleswig; and there is bound to be a coldness between the Scandinavian countries and Germany until this is changed. On the other hand, all Scandinavia-but Sweden in particular -mourns with Finland in her suffering, and fears Russia. Since the opening of the European war, however, the Scandinavians have felt the Russian danger to be less imminent; and their deep sympathy for Belgium has increased their anti-German feeling. They welcomed British interference in the war, and Germany's defense of her action has had no effect.

Louis Bertrand, in "Revue des Deux Mondes" for December 15, discusses "Nietzsche and the War." The works of Nietzsche, M. Bertrand believes, were tremendously influenced by the war of 1870, which made a profound im

pression upon the German philosopher's diseased sensibilities. And his writings and others like them produced the present war. Were Nietzsche living to-day, he could say in very truth, "This is my war."


In the same number of the "Revue" is a discussion of The European Conflict, According to the Diplomatic Documents," by Professor Guglielmo Ferrero. Professor Ferrero's conclusions are that Germany is to blame for the war; that the war was caused by the pan-German propaganda, which created a situation which the German government could not resist. He suggests that further investigation of the question may prove that "the responsible element in Germany was reduced to playing the role of executors of the will of the irresponsible."

John Bassett Moore, in an article entitled, "Is there a Latin America?" ("Independent," January 18) calls attention to the remarkable character of the "A, B, C" mediation of last spring. The efforts of the representatives of the three leading South American republics, he writes, relieved the strained relations between the United States and Mexico, and set a precedent by recognizing those powers as equals of the United States, and admitted by implication that “differences which gravely menace the relations of individual American states are matters of concern to all the American nations." If these principles are adhered to, the relations of the American nations will eventually be placed upon a basis of "confidence, respect and friendly co



American History.

Abbot, Willis J. The story of our army for young Americans. N. Y.: Dodd, Mcad. 687 pp. $2.00, net. Andrews, Charles M. Guide to the materials for American history to 1783, in the Public Record Office of Great Britain. Vol. and 2, Departmental miscellaneous papers. Wash., D. C.: Carnegie Inst. 427 pp. $3.00. Aurner, Clarence R. History of education in Iowa. 2 vols. Iowa City, la.: State Hist. Soc. 436, 469 pp. $2.00. Bakenhus, Reuben, and others. The Panama Canal, its history [etc.]. N. Y.: Wiley. 257 pp. $2.50, net. Bennett, Charles W., and others. Historical sketches of the 9th Michigan Infantry [etc.]. Coldwater, Mich.: Daily Courier Print. 103 pp. 75 cents, net. Berkeley, Sir W. A discourse and view of Virginia; London, 1633. Norwalk, Conn.: W. H. Smith, Jr., Coleburn Bldg. 11 pp. $5.00. net.

Brooks, Robert P. The agrarian revolution in Georgia; 1865-1912. Madison, Wis.: Univ. of Wis. 129 pp. (7

pp. bibl.).

Cole, Arthur C. The Whig party in the South. Wash., D. C.: Am. Hist. Asso. 392 pp. (22 pp. bibl.). $1.50. To members, $1.00.

de Forest, Emily Johnston.

A Walloon family in America, 1500-1848. In 2 vols. Boston: Houghton; Mifflin. 313, 390 pp. (61⁄2 pp. bibl.). $5.00, net.

Franciscan sisters of the perpetual adoration. A history of the U. S. for Catholic schools. Chicago: Scott, Free


673 pp. $1.00.

Hale, William T. History of De Kalb Co., Tenn. Nashville, Tenn.: P. Hunter. 254 pp. $1.00.

Harrington, M. R. Sacred bundles of the Sac and Fox Indians. Phila. Univ. of Pa. Museum. 123-262 pp. $5.00, net.

Hoffman, Frederick L. The economic progress of the U. S. during the last seventy-five years. [Newark, N. J.: Prudential Press.] 24 pp. Gratis.

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Kingsley, Nelson. Diary of Nelson Kingsley, a California Argonaut of 1849. Berkeley, Cal.: Univ. of Cal. 178 Pp. $1.00.

McKee, Jos. V., and Roemer, L. S. The period of discovery. N. Y.: Century Co. 176 pp. 50 cents. Military Hist. Soc. of Mass. Civil and Mexican Wars, 1861, 1846. Boston [the Society]. $2.50. Russell, Osborne. Journal of a trapper in the Rocky Mountains, 1834-1843. [Boise, Id.: Synes-York Co., Inc. 105 pp.] Not for sale.

Siebert, Wilbur H. The exodus of the loyalists from Penobscot to Passamaquoddy. Columbus, O.: State Univ. 43 pp.

Ancient History.

Caesar, C. Julius. The civil war; with an English trans. by A. G. Peskett. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 369 pp. $1.50, net.

Davis, Gladys M. N. The Asiatic Dionysos. N. Y.: Macmillan. 276 pp. (bibls.). $3.25, net.

Davis, William Stearns. A day in old Athens. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 254 pp. $1.25.

Dio Cocceianus, Cassius. Dio's Roman History. In 9 vols. Vol. 3. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 519 PP. $1.50.

Eugippius. Life of St. Severus; trans. into English by George W. Robinson. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. 141 pp. (42 pp. bibl.). $1.50, net.

Hall, Harry R. H. Aegean Archeology. N. Y.: Putnam. 269 pp. $3.75, net.

Harper, Robert F. Assyrian and Babylonian letters belonging to the Kuoyunjik collection of the British Museum. Pt. 14. Chicago: Univ. of Chic. 16 pp. + pls. $6.00, net.

Koldeway, Robert. The excavations at Babylon. N. Y.: Macmillan. 335 pp. $5.25, net.

Plutarch. Plutarch's Lives, with an English trans. by Bernadotte Perrin. In 10 vols. Vols. 1 and 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 582, 630 pp. Each $150, net.

Poebel, Arno. Babylonian grammatical texts. $2.00 Historical and grammatical texts, $10.00. Historical texts, $5.00. Phila.: Univ. of Penna.; Pubs. of Babylonian Section.

Procopius. Procopius, with an English trans. by H. B. Denring. In 6 vols. Vol. 1, History of the Wars, Pts. 1 and 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 583 pp. $1.50, net.

Xenophon. Cyropedia, with an English trans. by Walter Miller. In 2 vols. Vol. 2. [Loeb Class. Lib.] N. Y.: Macmillan. 478 pp. $1.50, net.

English History.

Brown, Peter H. The Legislative union of England and Scotland. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 208 pp. $2.50, net. Esdaile, Arundell, compiler. The age of Elizabeth (15471603). N. Y.: Macmillan. 120 pp. 35 cents, net. Oman, Charles W. C. A history of the Peninsular War. In 6 vols. Vol. 5, Oct., 1811, to Aug. 31. 1812. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 634 pp. $4.75, net.

European History.

Baldwin, Elbert F. The world war. N. Y.: Macmillan. 267 pp. $1.25, net.

Baudissin, Wolf, Count von. Life in a German crack regiment. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 319 pp. $1.00, net. Bourne, Henry E. The Revolutionary period in Europe 1763-1815). N. Y.: Century Co. 494 pp. (16 pp. bibl.). $2.50, net.

European War, The. Reading lists. Pratt Inst., Brooklyn. 12 pp. Gratis. Jacksonville, Fla., Pub. Library. 8 pp. Gratis.

Golder, Frank A. Russian expansion on the Pacific, 16411850. Cleveland: A. H. Clark Co. 368 pp. (10 pp. bibl). $5.00.

Guedalla, Philip. The partition of Europe, 1715-1815. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 311 pp. $1.10, net.

Johnson, Rossiter. The war in Europe. N. Y.: Sully and Kleinteich. 416 pp. $2.00, net.

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Almanach de Gotha. Annuaire généalogique, diplomatique et statistique, 1915. N. Y.: Lemcke and Beuchner. 1253 pp. $3.35.

Boyd, John. Sir George Etienne Cartier, a political history of Canada from 1814 to 1873. N. Y.: Macmillan. 439 pp. (bibls.). $5.00, net.

Daval, Ralph. A handbook of American pageantry. Taunton, Mass.: Daval Pub. Co. 236 pp. $2.50.

U. S. Lib. of Congress. A list of geographical atlases in the library [etc.]. Vol. 3, Titles. 3266-4087. Wash., D. C.: Govt. Pt. Off. 137 +1030 pp. $1.25. Who's Who, 1915. N. Y.: Macmillan. 2375 pp. $3.75, net. Wilson, Woodrow. Letter to Frank E. Doremus, assigning reasons for not participating in the political campaign of 1914. Wash., D. C.: Govt. Pt. Off. 5 pp. Wrong, George McK. The fall of Canada; a chapter in the history of the Seven Years' War. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. 272 pp. (4 pp. bibl.). $2.90, net.


Hodgett, E. A. B. Life and character of Catharine the Great of Russia. N. Y.: Brentano's. $4.00, net.

Copley, John Singleton, and Pelham, Henry. Letters and papers of John Singleton Copley and Henry Pelham, 1739-1776. Boston: Mass. Hist. Soc. 384 pp. $3.00. Chisholm, Cecil. Sir John French. N. Y.: Stokes. 152 pp. 50 cents, net.

Batiffol, Louis. The Duchesse de Chevreuse. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 353 pp. $3.00, net.

Sears, Lorenzo. John Hay, author and statesman. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 150 pp. $1.00, net.

Oster, J. E. The political and economic doctrines of John Marshall. N. Y.: Neale Pub. Co. 369 pp. $3.00, net. Moore, Walter W. Appreciations and historical addresses. Richmond, Va.: Presby. Com. of Pub., 6-8 N. Sixth Street. 167 pp. 75 cents.

Yorck von Wartenberg, Maximilian, Count. Napoleon as a general. In 2 vols. N. Y.; Dutton. 373, 427 pp. $10.00, net.

Russell, Charles E. Wendell Phillips. Chicago: Kerr. 185 pp. 50 cents.

Government and Politics.

Aurner, Clarence R. History of township government in Iowa. Iowa City, Ia.: State Hist. Soc. 266 pp. (32 pp. bibl). $2.00.

Bernhardi, Gen. Frederick von. Britain as Germany's
vassal. N. Y.: Doran. 255 pp. $1.00, net.
Coker, Francis W. Readings in political philosophy. N. Y.:
Macmillan. 573 pp. $2.25, net.

Cook, Silas A. The essence of the ethics of politics. N. Y.
and Cin.: Abingdon Press. 348 pp. $1.25, net.
Forman, S. E. Esentials in civil government. N. Y.:
Am. Bk. Co. 251 pp. 60 cents.

Holt, Lucius H. An introduction to the study of govern-
ment. N. Y.: Macmillan. 358 pp. $2.00, net.
Howe, Frederic C. The modern city and its problems.
N. Y.: Scribner. 390 pp. (61⁄2 pp. bibl.). $1.50, net.
Roosevelt, Theodore. America and the world war. N. Y.:
Scribner. 277 pp. 75 cents, net.

Secrist, Horace. An economic analysis of the constitutional restrictions upon public indebtedness in the United States. Madison, Wis.: Univ. of Wis. 131 pp. (5 pp. bibl).

Stockton, Richard. Peace Insurance. Chicago: McClurg. 214 pp. $1.00, net.

Outline Maps of Europe

Will help teachers and scholars to visualize the European struggle, and make possible the depicting of alliances and army movements.

Desk and Wall Sizes

of Europe and all its principal divisions, showing the physical features in each case, can be procured in the well-known series of

McKinley Outline Maps

Write for samples of these maps and of others suitable in the study of any period of history or any phase of geography, to the publishers.


The History Teacher's Magazine

Published monthly, except July and August, at 1619-1621 Ranstead Street, Philadelphia, Pa., by MCKINLEY PUBLISHING CO.


PROF. HENRY JOHNSON, Teachers College, Columbia University, Chairman.

PROF. FRED. M. FLING, University of Nebraska.

MISS ANNA B. THOMPSON, Thayer Academy, South Braintree, Mass.

PROF. GEORGE C. SELLERY, University of Wisconsin.
PROF. ST. GEORGE L. SIOUSSAT, Vanderbilt University.
DR. JAMES SULLIVAN, Boys' High School, Brooklyn, N. Y.
ALBERT E. McKINLEY, Ph.D., Managing Editor


Reports from the Historical Field-WALTER H. CUSHING. Periodical Literature-MARY W. WILLIAMS.

Book Reviews-WAYLAND J. CHASE.

Recent Historical Publications-CHARLES A. COULOMB. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, two dollars a year; single copies, twenty cents each. REDUCED RATE of one dollar a year is granted to members of the American Historical Association, and to members of local and regional associations of history teachers. Such subscriptions must be sent direct to the publishers or through the secretaries of associations (but not through subscription agencies). POSTAGE PREPAID in United States and Mexico; for Canada, twenty cents additional should be added to the subscription price, and for other foreign countries in the Postal Union, thirty cents additional. CHANGE OF ADDRESS. Both the old and the new address must be given when a change of address is ordered. ADVERTISING RATES furnished upon application.

Sanford's New Series of American History Maps




I want to tell you how pleased I am with the Sanford History Maps. It is safe to say that there is no one set of maps anywhere that will be found as helpful to the teacher and to the student as this series.

After a very careful examination and
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I was rather skeptical as to the value of such a chart in history teaching in the high school, but I find myself using it constantly. It is a ready source of information, it expresses concretely many things that would take long to explain; it affords a basis for map work. The maps on the development of the West, the growth of population, immigration, railways, etc., are especially useful.

I think that no school history room is complete without this series. P. M. MELCHOIR,

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Head, History Dept., State Normal
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A. J. NYSTROM & CO., Publishers

Very truly yours, ROBERT A. MAURER, Head, Dept. of History, Washington, D. C., High Schools.


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An attractive new history course that gives the needed background for the interpretation of present events

Outlines of European History

In the present state of European affairs, schools desire, for class or reference use, some authentic work that will shed light on the origin and development of the great European powers as to-day constituted, and the relations that these powers bear to each other.

OUTLINES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY, written by authorities in their subjects, not only fills this need admirably, but is in full accord with the new spirit in the teaching of history. With these two volumes in hand, the teacher can cover general European history satisfactorily in two years, leaving the third year for American history. Emphasis throughout is placed on conditions and institutions rather than on unrelated events, while by devoting Part II to the history of the last two hundred years, the course directs the pupil's attention especially to the problems and developments that are of present-day import.

PART I, by James Harvey Robinson, Columbia University, and James Henry Breasted, The University of Chicago. 730 pages, illustrated, $1.50

PART II, by James Harvey Robinson and Charles A. Beard, Columbia University. 555 pages, illustrated, $1.50

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June 21 to July 30

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The following Courses in History will be offered: The Era of the French Revolution and of Napoleon; American History from 1789 to 1830; Recent American History since 1877; Europe since 1814; The History of Greece from the Earliest Times to the Peloponnesian War; The Teaching of History.

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