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64 Son of God. Jesus faith unto him (aa), Thou haft

said : Nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of

power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 65 Then the high-priest rent his clothes, saying, He

hath spoken blasphemy (bb); what further need have

we of witnesses ? behold, now ye have heard his 66 blasphemy. What think ye? They answered and 67 said, He is guilty of (cc) death. Then did they spit

in his face, and buffeted him, and others smote 68 him with the palms of their hands, Saying, Prophesy

unto us, thou Christ, who is he that smote thee? 69 Now Peter sat without in the (dd) palace: and

a damfel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast 70 with Jesus of Galilee. But he denied before them 71 all, saying, I know. not what thou sayest. And

when he was gone out into the porch, another maid

saw him, and said unto them that were there, This 72 fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth (ee). And

again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. 73 And after a while came unto him they that stood by (f),

and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them, 74 for thy speech bewrayeth thee (88). Then began he

(aa) It is true. It is as thou hast said. See Verse 25. And although you do not acknowledge me for the Messiah, you shall soos be convinced of my power in the manner described by Daniel vii. 13.

(bb) The charge of blasphemy brought here against our Lord, was founded on his answer in the preceding verse, by which he claimed to himself the august character of the Son of man described by Dan. vii. 13. and used the very words of that prophet.

(cc) His crime subjects him by the law of Moses to the punishment of death.

(dd) In the common-hall appointed for the lower fort of people.

(ee) This was said by the maid to the company, some of whom charged him with it; upon which followed his second denial of Christ.

(ff) The third charge was made likewise by some of the company, and particularly (with great resentment we may be sure) by relation of the person whose ear Peter had cut off; whereupon immediately followed his third denial. See John xviii. 26.

(88) His accent and dialect discovered him to be a Galilean as all the apostles were.



to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. 75 And immediately the cock crew. And Peter re

membered the words of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out and wept bitterly.

CH A P. XXVII. I WHEN the morning was come, all the chief

priests and elders of the people took counsel 2. against Jesus to put him to death. And when they

had bound him, they led him away, and delivered

him to Pontius Pilate the governor. 3 Then Judas which had betrayed him, when he

saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and

brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief 4 priests and elders, Saying, I have sinned, in that

I have betrayed the innocent blood (a). And they said, 5 What is that to us ? see thou to that. And he cast

down the pieces of silver in the temple, and de6 parted, and went and (b) hanged himself. And the

chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is

not lawful for to put them into the treasury, be. 7 cause it is the price of (c) blood. And they took

(a) Judas probably did not intend the death of his master, when he fold him; for he knew there was no law of God or man by which he could be capitally condemned; or perhaps he expected that our Lord would have delivered himself out of the hands of the Jews by a miracle, as he had done more than once before, fee Luke iv. 30 John viii. 59. but when he saw the fatal effect of his treason, he was urged by the horrors of his conscience to destroy himself. It is thus that sinners' frequently deceive themselves; not seeing the heinousness of their guilt in its just light till it is too late.

(6) He hanged himself; bui his end was yet more dreadful; for the rope giving way, it is supposed he fell headlong, and his belly bursting asunder, all his bowels guled out. AEts i. 18.

(c) Their fuperftition and hypocrisy are exceedingly remarkable. They were afraid of dedicating the price of innocent blood to God.; but they took pleasure in shedding it, without any fear of God before their eyes!



counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to 8 bury strangers in. Wherefore that field was called, 9 The field of blood unto this day. (Then was ful

filled that which was spoken by (d) Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of

silver, the price of him that was valued, whom 10 they of the children of Israel did value: And

gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointII ed me.) And Jesus stood before the governor; and

the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the king

of the Jews? And Je us said unto him, Thou 12 sayeft (e). And when he was accused of the chief 13 priests and elders, he answered nothing. Then

faith Pilate unto him, Heareft thou not how many 14 things they witness against thee? And he answered

to never a word (f), insomuch

that the governor 15 marvelled greatly. Now at that feast the governor

was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, 16 whom they would. And they had then a notable 17 prisoner, called Barabbas. Therefore when they

were gathered together, Pilate faid unto them,

Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, 78 or Jesus, which is called Christ? For he knew that

for envy they had delivered him. 19

When he was set down on the judgment-seat, his wife fent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream, because of

But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude, that they should ask Barabbas, and

20 him,

(d) This passage is now found in Zechariah; but


learned men are of opinion, that the three last chapters of Zechariah were written by the prophet Jeremiah, and anciently made part of his prophecy.

(e) Thou sayest is an assent to what is said. Chap. xxvi. 25, 64.

U) Thus was fulfilled the prophecy, that the Messiah should be brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, fo should be not open his mouth. Isaiah liii. 7.

21 destroy Jesus. The governor answered and said

unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I 22 release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Pilate faith

unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus, which

is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him 23

be crucified. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more,

saying, Let him be crucified. 24

When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying,

I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see 25 ye to it. Then anfwered all the people, and said,

His blood be on us, and on our children (8). 26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crus

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him 28 the whole band of soldiers. And they stripped him,

and put on him a scarlet (b) robe. 29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns,

they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right

hand : and they bowed the knee before him, and 30 mocked him, saying, Hail King of the Jews. And

they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote 31 him on the head.

And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his

own raiment on him, and led him away to cru32 cify him. And as they came out, they found a man

of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his (i) cross.

27 cified.

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33 And

(6) Unhappy people! Their improcation is remarkably fulfilled in their whole race to this day.

(h) Dressing him up as a mock king, to make sport with him.

(i) Jesus carried his cross through the city; but being exhausted by his agony in the garden, and afterwards by being harrassed and dragged about she whole night, besides the loss of blood and scourg.

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And when they were come into a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, 34 They gave him vinegar to drink, mingled with

gall (k): and when he had tasted thereof, he would 35 not drink. And they crucified him, and parted his

, garments, cafting lots : that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted

my garments among them, and upon my vesture 36 did they cast lots (?). And fitting down they watch37 ed him there: And set up over his head his accu

sation written, THIS IS JESUS THE 38 KING OF THE JEWS.

Then were there two thieves crucified with him: one on the

right hand, and another on the left. 39 And they that passed by, reviled him, wagging 40 their heads, And saying, Thou that destroyelt

the temple, and buildeft it in three days (m), lave

thyself: if thou be the Son of God, come down 41 from the cross.

Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, faid, 42 He saved others, himself he cannot save: if he be the

king of Israel, let himn now come down from the 43 cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in God;

ing, he was faint and unable to bear the weight; they therefore compelled Simon to take up the hinder part of it, and carry it along with him. Luke xxiii. 26. John xix. 17.

(k) This was done by the soldiers to insult and torment him; and the wine mingled with myrrh was probably offered by his friends, Mark xv. 23. that mixture, being of a stupifying quality, was usually given to assuage the pain of the person crucified, and therefore al. ways placed near the cross on such an occasion.

(1) 'This vesure, or inner garment, was curiously knit, without a feam, and therefore they would not divide it.

(m) Our Saviour meant not the material fabrick of the temple, (John ii. 21.), but the frame of his bodily constitution; which, though they might destroy it by putting him to death, would never-theless be restored to life again in three days. But as he used a figu. rative expression, the Jews made this malicious and perverse applicadion of it in the literal sense.


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