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Prior to the establishment of a pension able for training a favored few. He lays system by the Crane Company, Mr. Crane great stress upon the importance and personally pensioned employees whom practical value of manual training in the sickness or old age had overtaken with grade schools. In September, 1892, Mr. out their having been able to lay by Crane equipped a manual-training room enough to support themselves and their in one of the Chicago grade schools, and families. Through the Crane Company, employed a special teacher to give inin 1899, Mr. Crane gave to each em- struction in woodwork in the higher ployee five per cent of the total amount grades of several of the schools. In 1900, the employee had earned during the pre- recognizing the success of his first exvious year, as a New Year's present. This periment, he provided the necessary has been the practice each year since, ex- means for making possible manual traincept that, last year and the year before, ing in the lower grades. This year Mr. the amount was ten per cent.

Crane has provided twenty-four scholarMr. Crane has always taken an active ships, of $300.00 each per year, to enable interest in social, economic, political, and young men to prepare themselves as educational affairs, and has been prom- teachers of manual training, and has proinently identified with many important vided the funds for opening manualmovements. He is a student and writer training departments in five more grade upon educational problems. In his ar schools. In recognition of Mr. Crane's ticles and pamphlets he places great em- interest in the public school system, the phasis upon the distinctions between an Chicago Board of Education has recently educational system adapted to meet the named a new school the “R. T. Crane wants of the masses, and a system suit- Manual-Training High School.”


OHE sun may be shining in glory,
Na The sky may be radiantly blue;

What matters the world and its fragrance
✓ If I have not you?
The flowers may be flinging their perfume

About me, from far and from near;
What matters the world and its beauty

If you are not here?

The rain may be falling in torrents;

The sun may be hidden from view;
What matters the world and its grayness

If I have but you?
The flowers may long since have withered,

The earth may have lost all its cheer;
My heart has its own wealth of sunshine
If you are but here.


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Christ Church, the "Old North Church" of Longfellow's poem, stands to-day in an excellent state of preservation, on Salem Street, opposite Hull, in the North end of the city. It was built in 1723; and from its tower General Gage witnessed the Battle of Bunker Hill. In the steeple, lights which warned the patriots of the British march towards Lexington and Concord were burned, and from the “opposite shore" Paul Revere set out on his memorable ride. There are two tablets on the front of the church, with the following inscriptions : “Christ Church 1723;" and, on the larger, “The Signal Lanterns of Paul Revere, Displayed in the Steeple of this Christ Church, April 18, 1775, Warned the Country of the March of the British Troops to Lexington and Concord."


Spot where Benedict Arnold rested his troops on September 16, 1775, known as “Trayneing Green," in Newburyport, Mass.


In this

Old Town Hall, Marblehead, Mass. Built in 1723. Famous as town meeting-place for generations. building is hung the original “Yankee Doodle" picture.


Pipe-Arch Bridge in at that time Chief Engineer and ConWashington, D. C.

structor of the Washington aqueduct. It

forms a portion of Pennsylvania Avenue; THERE is, it appears, a pipe-arch and its mains originally conveyed the

bridge in Washington, D. C., which, whole of Washington's water supply into in point of size and structure, entirely the city. For a period of nearly twenty outclasses that described in a recent issue years, it acted also as a railway bridge, of this magazine (June, p. 514), which the horse-cars of the Washington and we believed at the time to be the only one Georgetown Railway Company passing of its kind in the United States.

over it, and it was also the chief means The bridge in question spans Rock of communication between the two cities. Creek, a stream dividing Washington By Act of Congress, the company was from old Georgetown. The entire weight forced to remove its tracks from the of the structure is supported by two bridge about 1880, though this action arched mains 200 feet in length, with a was bitterly opposed by General Meigs, rise of 20 feet, each arch consisting of 17 who contended that the bridge as decast sections of pipe having a thickness signed and constructed was strong of 112 inches and an inside diameter of 4 enough to support any weight put upon feet. The sections are flanged, and are it, and that the removal of the tracks resecured together by heavy rivets. Iron flected discredit upon him and his assisttrusses are secured to the pipes, and re- ants. ceive the weight of the roadway.

Prior to the removal of the tracks The bridge was built about 1860, and from the bridge, there was considerable was designed by General M. C. Meigs, discussion regarding the advisability of strengthening it with a truss-work of ing filled with infantry and artillerymen, iron, because it was probable—so stated whose heads, of course, or bodies, are the advocates of the improvement—that not in any way seen by the enemy. continual jarring of the bridge would It is difficult to imagine a more curious weaken the mains and cause leaks to oc- spectacle than this fortress on wheels cur. This also was opposed by General running at twenty miles an hour, and Meigs, however; and, as far as it is pos- coming suddenly, during war maneuvers sible to learn, no changes in the structure or actual battle, upon hostile troops enwere made. The bridge has now been in gaged in wrecking the railroad. The use nearly half a century, and seems to be “fortress” bears swiftly down upon as strong to-day as when it was first them, nor can they make the least imbuilt.—Hy. CHAN.


PIPE-ARCH BRIDGE IN WASHINGTON, D. C. On Pennsylvania Avenue, over Rock Creek, between Washington and Georgetown.

pression with their rifles upon its im

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Fortress on Wheels pregnable steel-clad sides. Moreover, the

terrible quick-firers whose muzzles proIT is well known that a railroad is a ject from the train, have a range of two

vital necessity for the supplying of a or three miles; and so dreadful havoc large army with provisions, clothing, and

may be wrought among the marauders ammunition; and in order the more ef

before they get clear away. fectually to guard against their military These armored trains, which appear railroads being destroyed or interrupted, to move entirely on their own account, the military cabinets of the world are are found most useful by the scientific now more and more using “armored armies of to-day in quickly moving small trains" made of plates of steel, out of bodies of troops to vulnerable spots on the sides of which project the deadly their lines of communication; and nothmuzzles of small quick-firing cannon.

ing more embarrassing can be imagined In the first truck is concealed the en- than a rolling fortress of this kind, which gine ; and, as this is the most vital part, it it is practically impossible to wreck save is protected by special plates of nickel- with heavy artillery, and which may steel, such as are used to cover the vital make its appearance at the most awkparts of battleships and cruisers.

ward moment. The armored train, as used by the mil The engine driver is usually an officer itary powers of to-day, usually consists of high rank; and the gunners and inof three trucks, the two hinder ones be- fantry greatly enjoy serving in the train,

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