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IT T hath been the wisdom of the Church of Sacred Majesty, that the said Book might
England, ever since the first compiling of be revised, and such alterations therein, and her publick Liturgy, to keep the mean be- additions thereunto made, as should be tween the two extremes, of too much stiff- thought requisito for the ease of tender Deas in refusing, and of too much easiness in consciences: whereinto His Majesty, out admitting any variation from it. For, as on of his pious inclination to give satisfaction the one side common experience sheweth, (so far as could be reasonably expected) to that where a change hath been made of all his subjects of wliat persuasion soever, things advisedly established (no evident ne. did graciously condescend. cessity so requíring) sundry inconveniences have thereupon ensued; and those many In which review we have endeavoured to times more and greater than the evils, that observe the like moderation, as we find to were intended to be remedied by such have been used in the like case in former change: So on the other side, the particu- times. And therefore of the sundry altera. lar forms of Divine worship, and the Rites tions proposed into us, we have rejected all and Ceremonies appointed to be used there- such as were either of dangerous conse. in, being things in their own nature indif. quence (as secretly striking at some estaforent, and alterable, and so acknowledged; blished doctrine, or laudable practice of the it is but reasonable, that upon weighty and Church of England, or indeed of the wbole important considerations, according to the Catholick Church of Christ) or elso of no various exigency of times and occasions, consequence at all, but utterly frivolous and such changes and alterations should be made vain. 'But such alterations as were tendered therein, as to those that are in place of to us (by what persons, under what preAuthority should from time to time scem tences, or to what purpose soever tendered) either necessary or expedient. Accordingly as seemed to us in any degree requisite or we find, that in the reigns of several l'rince's expedient, we have willingly, and of our of blessed memory since the Reformation, own accord assented unto: not enforced so the Church, upon just and weighty consi. to do by any strength of argument, conderations her thereunto moving, hat) yield. vincing us of the necessity of making the ed to make such alterations in some parti- said alterations: for we are fully persuaded culurs, as in their respective times were in onr judgments (and we lere profess it thought convenient : yet so, as that the to the world, that the Book, as it'stond bemain body and essentials of it (as well in fore established by law, doth not contain in the chiefeet materials, as in the frame and it any thing contrary to the Word of God, order thereof)lare still continued the same or to sound doctrine, or which a godly man unto this day, and do yet stand firm and may not with a good conscience use and unshaken, notwithstanding all the vain st. submit unto, or which is not fairly defensi. terupts and impetuous assaults made against ble against any that shall oppose the same; it, by such men as are given to change, and if it shall be allowed such just and favour. have always discovered a greater regard to able construction as in common equity ought their own private fancies and interests, than to be allowed to all human writings, espeto that duty they owe to the publick. cially such as are set forth by authority, and
even to the very best translations of the ply what nndue means, and for what mis. holy Scripture itself. chievous purposes the use of the Liturgy (though enjoined by the laws of the land, Our general aim therefore in this under. and those laws never yet renen led) came, taking was, not to gratify this or that party during the late unhappy confusions, to be in any their unreasonable deinands; but to discontinued, is too well known to the do that, wlrich to our best understandings world, and we are not willing here to re- we conceived might most tend to the premember. But when, upon His Majesty's servation of peace and unity in the Church; happy restoration, it seemed probable, that, the procuring nf reverence, and exciting of amongst other things, the use of the Liturgy piety and devotion in the publick worship would also returu of course (the same har. of God; and the cutting off occasion from ing never been legally abolished) wless them that seek occasion of cavil or quarrel some timely mcans were used to prevent against the Liturgy of the Church. And as it; those nen who ander the late tipurped to the several variations from the former powers had made it a great part of their biisi. Book, whether by alteration, addition, or ness to render the people disaffected there- otherwise, it shall suttice to give this general nnto, saw themselves in point of reputation account, That most of the alterations were and interest concerned (unless they would made, either first, for the better direction freely acknowledge themselves to have of them that are to officiate in any part of erred, which such men are very hardly Divine Service; which is chiefly done in brought to do) with their utmost endeavours the Calendars and Rubricks: Or secondly, to hinder the restitution thereof. In order for the more proper expressing of some wliereunto divers pamphlets were published words or phrases of ancient usage in terms against the Book of Common Prayer, the old more suitable to the language of the present objections mistered up, with the addition times, and the clearer explanation of some of some new ones, more than formerly had other words and phrases, that were either heen inade, to make the number swell. In of doubtful signification, or otherwise liable fine, great importunities were used to His to misconstruction : Or thirdly, for a more
perfect rendering of such portions of holy with the former; we doubt not but the reaScripture, as are inserted into the Liturgy; son of the change may easily appoar. which, in the Epistles and Gospels especially, and in sundry other places, he now And having thus endeavoured to disordered to be read according to the last charge our duties in this weighty aitair, as Translation: and that it was thought con- in the sight of God, and to approve our invenient, that some Prayers and Thanks. cerity therein (so far as lay in us) to the givings, fitted to special occasions, should be constiences of all men; altliough we know added in their due places; particularly for it imposzible (in such variety of apprehenthose at Sea, together with an Oiticg for the sions, humours and interests, as are in the Baptism of such as are of Riper Years: world) to please all; nor can expect that which, although not so necessary when the men of factious, jeevish, and perverse spirits foriner Book was compiled, yet by the should be satisfied with any thing that can growth of Anabaptism, through the licen- be done in this kind by any other than theintiousness of the late times erept in amongst selves: Yet we have good hope, that what us, is now become necessary, and may be is here presented, and hath been by the always useful for the baptizing of natives Convocations of both Provinces with yreat in our plantations, and others converted to diligence examined and approved, will be the faith. If any man, wllo sball desire a also well accepted and approved by all sober, more particular account of the several al. poaceable, and truly conscientious sous of terations in any part of the Liturgy, shall the Church of England. take the pains to compare the present Book
CONCERNING THE SERVICE OF THE CHURCH.
THERE was never any thing by the wit which they understand not; so that they
o have heard with their ears only, and their blished, which in continuance of time hath heart, spirit, and mind, have not been edi. not been corrupted: As, among other things, fied thereby. And furthermore, notwithit may plainly appear by the Common standing that the ancient Fathers have Prayers in the Church, commonly called divided the Psalms into seven portions, Divine Service. The first original and whereof every one was called a Nocturn: ground whereof if a man would search ont Now of late time a few of them have been by the ancient Fathers, he shall find, that daily said, and the rest utterly omitted. the same was not ordained but of a good Moreover, the number and hardness of the purpose, and for a great advancement of rules called the Pie, and the inanifold godliness. For they so ordered the matter, changings of the service, was the cause, that that all the whole Bibl (or the greatest
to turn the ook only was so hard and intri. part thereof) should be read over once every cate a matter, that many times there was year; intending thereby, that the Clergy, more business to find out what should be and especially such as were Ministers in read, than to read it when it was found out. the congregation, should (hy often reading, and meditation in God's word) be stirred up These inconveniences therefore consider to godliness themselves, and be more able ed, here is set forth such an order, whereby to exhort others by wholesome doctrine, and the same shall be redressed. And for a to confute them that were adversaries to the readiness in this matter, here is drawn out truth; and further, that the people (hy a Calendar for that puurpose, which is plain daily hearing of holy Scripture read in ehe and easy to be understood; wherein (so Church) might continually profit more and much as may be) the reading of holy Seripmore in the knowledge of God, and be the ture is so set forth, that all things shall be more inflamed with the love of his true done in order, without breaking one piece religion,
froin another. For this cause be cut off
Anthems, Responds, Invitatories, and such But these many years passed, this godly like things as did break the continual course and decent order of the ancient Fathers of the reading of the Scripture. hath been so altered, broken, and neglected, by planting in uncertain stories, and legends, Yet, because there is no remedy, but that with multitude of responds, verses, vain re- of necessity there must be some Rules; petitions, commemorations, and synodals; therefore certain Rules are here set forth; that commonly wlien any book of the Bible which, as they are few in number, so they was begun, after three or four chapters were are plain and easy to be understood. So read out, all the rest were unread. And in that'here you have an Order for Prayer, this sort the book of Isaiah was begun in and for the reading of the holy Scripture, Advent, and the book of Genesis in Septuainuch agreeable to the mind and purpose of gesima ; but they were only begun, and the old Fathers, and a great deal more pro. never read through: after like sort were fitable and commodious, than that which of other books of holy Scripture used. And late was used. It is more profitable, bemoreover, whereas St. Paul would have cause here are left out many things, where. such language spoken to the people in the of some are untrue, some uncertain, some Church, as they might onder tand, and have vain and superstitious; and nothing is or. profit by hearing the same; the service in dained to be read, but the very pure Word this Church of England these many years of God, the holy Scriptures, or that which hath been read in Latin to the people, is agreeable to the same; and that in such
a language and order as is most easy and And if the Bishop of the Diocese be in plain for the understanding both of the rea- doubt, then he may send for the resolution ders and hearers. It is also more comino- thereat to the Archbishop. dious, both for the shortness thereof, and for the plainness of the order, and for that the rules be few and easy.
THOUGH it be appointed, that all things And whereas heretofore there hath boen in the English Tongue, to the end that the great diversity in saying and singing in congregation may be thereby edified; yet it Churches within this Realm; some follow- is not meant, but that when men say Morning Salisbury use, some Hereford use, and ing and Evening Prayer privately, they some the tise of Bangor, some of York, some may say the same in any language that of Lincoln ; now from henceforth all the they themselves do understand. whole Roalm sliall have but one us.
And all Priests and Deacons are to say And forasmuch as nothing can be so daily the Morning and Evening Prayer plainly set forth, but doubts may arise in either privately or openly, not being let by the use and practice of the same; to ap; sickness, or some other urgent cause. pease all such diversity (if any arise) and for the resolution of all doubts, concerning
And the rate that ministereth in every the manner how to understand, do, and exe- Parish-Church or Chapel, being at home, cute, the things contained in this Book; the and not being otherwise reasonably hinder. parties that so doubt, or diversly take any ed, shall say the same in the Parish Church thing, shall alway resort to the Bishop of or Chapel where he ministereth, and shall the Diocese, who hy his discretion s'all take cause a Bell to be tolied thereinto a con. order for the quieting and appeasing of the
venient time before lie begin, that the peosame; so that the same order be not con- ple may come to hear God's Word, and to trary to any thing contained in this Book. I pray with him.
sach Ceremonies as be used in the be so addicted to their old customs; and to the remembrance of his daty to God, new.fangleness, which (as much as may be by some notable and special signification, with true setting forth of Christ's religion) whereby he might be edified. Furthermore, is always to be eschewed. Furthermore, the most weiglity cause of the abolishment such shall have no just cause with the of certain Ceremonies was, that they were Ceremonies reserved to be offended. For as so far abused, partly by the superstitious those be taken away which were most blindness of the rude and unlearned, and abused, and did burden men's consciences partly by the unsatiable avarice of such as witlout any cause; so the other that resought more their own lucre, than the glory main, are retained for a discipline and order, of God, that the abuses could not well be whicls (upon just causes) inay be altered taken away, the thing remniving still, anti changed, and therefore are not to be
Church, and have had their beginning again on the other side, some be so newby the institution of man, some at the first fangled, that they would innovate all things, were of godly intent and purpose devised, and so despise the old, that nothing can and yet åt length turned to vanity and su- like them, but that is new: it was thought perstition : some entered into the Church expedient, uot so much to have respect how by undiscreet devotion, and such a zeal as to please and satisfy either of these parties, was without knowledge; and for because As how to please God, and profit them both. they were winked at in the beginning, they And yet lest any man should be offended, grew daily to more and more abuses, which whom good reason might satisfy, here be not only for their un profitableness, but also certain causes rendered, why some of the because they have much blinded the people, accustomed Ceremonies be put away, and and obscured the glory of God, are worthy some retained and kept still. to be cut away, and clean rejected: other there be, which although they have been Some are put away, because the great devised by man, yet it is thought good to excess and multitude of them hath so in. reserve them still, as well for a decent order creased in these latter days, that the burden in the Church, (for the which they were of them wasintolerable; whereof St. Augusfirst devised) as because they pertain to tine in his time complained, that they were edification, whereunto all things done in grown to such a number, that the estate of the Church (as the Apostle toscheth) ought Christian people was in worse case con. to he referred.
cerning that matter, than were the Jews.
And he counselled that such yoke and bur. And although the keeping or omitting of den should be taken away, as time would # Ceremony, in itself considered, is but a serve quietly to do it. But what would St. small thing ; yet the wilful and contemptu- Augustine have said, if lie had seen the ou: transgression aud breaking of a common
Ceremonies of late days used among us; order and discipline is no small offence whereunto the multitude used in his time before God, Let all things be done among was not to be compared? This our excesyou, saith Saint Paul, in a seemly and due sive multitude of Cer ies was so great, order: the appointinent of the which order and many of them so dark, that they did pertaineth not to private men; therefore no more confonnd and darken, than declare and man ought to take in hand, nor presume to set forth Christ's benefits unto iis.
And Appoint or alter any publick or common besides this, Christ's Gospel is not a Cereorder in Christ's Church, except lie be law. monial Law (as much of Moses' Law was) fully called and authorized thereunto. but it is a religion to serve God, not in
bondage of the figure or shadow, but in the And whereas in this our time, the minds freedom of the Spirit; being content only of men are so diverse, that some think it a with those Ceremonies which do serve to a great matter of conscience to depart from a decent order and godly discipline, and such piece of the least of their Ceremonies, they as be apt to stir up the dull mind of man
esteemed equal with God's law. And moreBut now as concerning those persons, over, they be neither dark nor dumb Cere. which peradventure will be offended, for menies, but are so set forth, that every man that some of the old Ceremonies are retain- may understand what they do mean, and ed still: If they consider that without socie to what use they do serve. So that it is Ceremonies it is not possible to keep any not like that they in time to come should order, or quiet discipline in the Church, be abused as ather have been. And in these they shall easily perceive just cause to re- our doiugs we condemn no other nations, form their judgements. And if they think nor prescribe any thing but to our owa much, that any of the old do remain, and people only : for we think it convenient would rather have all devised anew: then ihat every country should use such Ceresuch men granting some Ceremonies con. monies as they shall think best to the setvenient to be had, surely where the old may ting forth of God's honour and glory, and be well used, there they cannot reasonably to the reducing of the people to a most reprove the old only for their age, without perfect and godly living, without error or bewraying of their own folly. For in such superstition; and that they should put away a case they ought rather to have reverence other things, which froin time to time they unto them for their antiquity, if they will perceive to be most abused, as in men's or declare themselves to be more studions of dinances it often chanceth diversly in divers unity and concord, than of innovations and countries
1 THE ORDER HOW THE PSALTER IS APPOINTED
TO BE READ. RAB Psalter shall be read throngh once to be read at one time; It is so ordered,
every Month, as it is there appointed, that at one time shall not be read above both
for Morning and Evening Prayer. But four or five of the said portions. in February it shall be read only to the And at the end of every Psalm, and of twenty-eighth, or twenty-vinth day of the every such part of the 110th Palm, shall inonth.
be repeated this Hyma, And, whereas January, March, May, Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : July, Aurast, October, and December have
und to the Holy Ghost; one-and-thirty days apiece; It ia ordered, As it was in the beginning, is not, and that the same Psalms shall be read the last
coer shall be : world without end. Amen. day of the said months, which were read the day before : so that the Psalter may Note, that the Psalter followeth the divi. begin again the first day of the next month sion of the Hebrew6, and the translation of ensuing
the great English Bible, set forth and used And, whereas the 19th Psalm is divided in the time of Kingllenry the Lighth, and into twenty-two portions, and is over-long Edroard the Sixt).
| THE ORDER HOW THE REST OF HOLY SCRIPTURE
IS APPOINTED TO BE READ, Tirold Testament is appointed for the Lessons both at Mormug and Evening
first Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer; except only the Moveable Feasts, Prayer; so as the most part thereof will be which are not in the Calendar, and the im. road every year once, as in the Calendar is moveable, where there is a blank left in the appointed.
column of lessons, the Proper Lessons for The New Testament is appointed for the all which days are to be found in the Table second Lessons at Morning and Evening of Proper Lessons. Prayer, and shall be read over orderly every And note, that whepsoever Proper Psalms year thrice, hesides the Epistles and Gos- or Lessons are appoiuted; then the Psalms pels; except the Apocalypse, out of which and Lessons of ordinary course appointed in there are only certain Proper Lessons ap- the Psalter and Calendar (if they be differpointed upon divers Feasts.
ent) shall be omitted for that time. And to know what Lessons shall be read Note also, that the Collect, Epistle, and every day, look for the day of the month in Gospel, appointed for the Sunday shall serve the Calendar following, and there ye shall all the week after, where it is not in this sind the chapters that shall be read for the Book otherwise ordered
TO BE READ AT MORNING AND EVENING PRAYER, ON TEK BUNDAY,
AND OTHER HOLY-DAYS THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.
LESSONS PROPER FOR SUNDAYS.
24 Third ....
32 Sundays after
Christmas. The First...... Isaiah 37 Isaiah 88 Second ..
43 Sundays after the Epiphany. The First ..... Isaiah 44 Isaiah 46 Second ..
53 Third ....
58 Fifth .....
66 Septrugesima. Genesis 1 Genesis 2 Sexagesima.
6 Quinquagesima. 9 to ver. 20
Easter. Third.... Deuter, 4 Deuter. 5 Fourth
Sunday after Ascension-Day. Deuter. 12 Deuter. 13 Whit-Sunday.
(v. 18 Ist Lesson ....
16 to Isaiah 11 ed Lesson .... Acts 10 v. Acts 19 to
(ver. 21 Sunday. 1st Lesson ....Genesis 1 Genesis 18 2d Lesson .... Matth. 3 1 John 6 Sundays after
Joshua 10 Joshua 93 Second.. Judges 4 Judges 5 Third.
1 Sain. 21 Sain. 3 Fourth.
2 Sam. 12 2 Sam. 19 Seventh..
94 Eighth 1 Kings 13 1 Kings 17 Ninth
22 Eleventh 2 Kings 5 2 Kings 9 Twelfth..
23 Fourteenth ..... Jerem. 5 Jerem. 29 Fifteenth
36 Sixteenth. Ezekiel 2 Ezekiel 13 Seventeenth
94 Nineteenth...... Daniel 3 Daniel 6 Twentieth....... Joel
2 Micah 6 Twenty-first.... Habak. 2 Prov. 1 Twenty-second Prov. 2
8 Twenty-third ..
14 Twenty-tifth ...
Exodus 3 Exodus 5 Sixth. Ist Lesson....
10 2d Lesson.... Matth. 26 Hebr. 5 to
(v. 11 Easter-Day. Ist Lesson.... Exodus 12 Exodus 14 2d Lesson.... Romans 6 Acts 2 v. Sundays after
Easter. The First ..... Numb. 16 Numb. 82 Second. -23,94
LESSONS PROPER FOR HOLY-DAYS.
20 Prov. 21 St. Thomas the Apostle.
23 Nativity of Christ.
(0,8 (tov. 17 1st Lesson.... Isai. 9 to Isa. 7 v. 10 2d Lesson.... Luke 2 to Tit. 3 v. 4
(v. 15. (to v. 9
St. Stephen. Ist Lesson.... Prov. 98 Eccles. 4 9d Lesson .... Acts 6 v.8 Aets 7 v.
(& ch.7 to 30 tov. 53
(v. 30 St. John. Ist Lesson.... Eccles. 6' Eccles. 6 2d Lesson .... Revel. 1 Revel. 93