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situated on a slope 1,450 feet above sea per week, and accommodates three hunlevel. Blessed with an abundance of beau- dred. Jefferson is a mountain village laid tiful scenery, pure, revivifying atmosphere, out on a beautiful spur of Mt. Starr King the salubrious qualities of which prove a over the valley of Israel's River. Its elesure-cure treatment for sufferers from hay vation has made it the rival of Bethlehem fever, it favors this particular class of and Jefferson disputes the claim of superihealth seekers; but combining with its ority of altitude with that village. It is healthful climate a full quota of pleasure certain however, that Jefferson possesses essentials, Bethlehem rightfully exacts the same medicinal qualities prescribed and honor as the mountains' "ideal summer compounded for hay fever sufferers at resort.” From Bethlehem's golf links one Bethlehem, and nowhere does the entire can survey the imposing Presidential White Mountain Range present such a Range, and the long line of the Franco- striking and imposing scene as in the view nias; while from its magnificent "street," observed from Jefferson. Jefferson Highthe town of Littleton, and fading in the lands, another popular summer center is distance, the Green Mountains greet the nearby and the drives include those to view. The drives are numerous and at- Lancaster, Stage Hollow, Randolph, 2 tractive ;—it is but eighteen miles to the neighboring town patronized by vacationbase of Mt. Washington; seventeen toists and the top of Mt. Prospect and the Crawford's; twelve to Fabyans; fifieen to base of Cherry Mountain. Jefferson has a Jefferson; ten to Profile; seven to Sugar dozen smaller hotels and boarding places Hill and five to Littleton-and the roads and the palatial Waumbek and cottages, are suitable for driving and automobiles. which can easily accommodate five hundred Mt. Aggasiz is within easy walking dis guests. Next is Cherry Mountain and foltance of the center of the town. The golf lowing is Gorham, at the entrance to the links are a nine hole course. Tennis is a famous Glen. The trip to the summit of popular pastime among the guests and Mt. Washington via the Glen route is Bethlehem's baseball team of college ama through the most beautiful and romantic teurs is the pride of the resorters. A mile scenery imaginable, for sixteen and a half east of the center of the town is Maple miles. Gorham has two hotels and several wood. Maplewood's fame as a summer large boarding houses. Berlin is the busy resort is justly due to its grand location city of the mountains, yet her scenic adornon an extensive plateau, in the very heart
ments are even superior to Gorham, for of the White Mountains. The Maplewood here the Androcoggin and the foaming Hotel is a high grade house, favored with Berlin Falls add their decorations to the a generous and most desirable patronage. glory of the mountains. Some people It accommodates about five hundred guests
maintain that the finest view from the base and is supplied with all the modern acces of Mt. Washington is the Fabyan House sories of a strictly first class summer
in the town of Fabyan. The Fabyan hotel. It has admirable facilities for the
House is one of the best of the mountain care and repair of automobiles. The golf
hotels run by the popular O. W. Barron course, unlike many courses abounds in
and can easily care for five hundred. It is natural bunkers and is more like Scottish
situated at an elevation of 1571 feet and links in its upkeep. The links have a
within plain view are all the peaks of the range of forty-six hundred yards and is an
Presidential Range, the prospect is comeighteen hole course.
plete. At Bretton Woods, the works of Using Wing Road as a central point,
nature and the arts of man have comand follwing the railroad route north, we
bined and through their unison have propass through Whitefield Junction, Scott duced one of the most gorgeous scenic and Dalton, all delightful little mountain
effects in the mountains. Anderson and villages, on the way to Lancaster. Lan
Price are the hosts and the beautiful Mt. caster is protected by high mountains on Pleasant and the sumptuous Mt. Washingthe east and borders on Israel's River. ton, the most magnificent summer hotel in The Lancaster House is the principal hotel the world, offer every inducement of comand the view from the veranda is perfect. fort and luxury to the thousands who anLunenburg Heights, a picturesque hill sec- nually assemble here. Beautiful drives and tion lies just beyond the Connecticut in
walks, spacious golf courses and baseball Vermont, but a few miles' drive from parks, surround the hotel. The near view Lancaster. West from Whitefield Junction of the mountains is grand, the summit of are Whitefield, Jefferson, Cherry Moun- Mt. Washington, when not enveloped in tain, Gorham and Berlin. Whitefield is a clouds, is clearly seen, and but a short disfarming village with a hilly surface and tance across is the the base, where the excellent opportunities for enjoyment. mountain train is preparing for its Seven hotels and boarding houses afford "climb to the clouds." accommodations at rates of $1.25 a day Mt. Washington is the monarch of the and upwards. The largest hotel is the White Hills; 6, 293 feet high, the loftiest Mountain View House, fourteen dollars peak east of the Rockies and north of the
Carolinas; exactly 4.722 feet higher than Fabyan. The summit of Mt. Washington is reached by bridle or footpaths, the Crawford Trail, leading from the Crawford House, requiring a whole day to make the ascent. From the old Glen House, a carriage road leads up the east side and a pathway from Fabyan; but the popular route is via the Cogwheel Railway. The trip occupies about an hour and the panorama is truly wonderful. On the summit is a comfortable hotel, for visitors invariably remain over night to experience the exquisite enjoyment of a mountain sunrise. On a clear day, from the summit one can gaze over a circle of perhaps a thousand miles in circumference; east to the Atlantic Ocean; west to the shores of Champlain; south beyond the borders of Winnipesaukee and north to the Province of Quebec. The temperature rarely exceeds forty and snow may be encountered on the summit the year round. Within walking distance of the summit is the famouse “Lake of the Clouds” and many other points of interest. From Bretton Woods our exit from the White Mountains will be via the wonderful Crawford Notch, which by many is preferred as an entrance to the White Mountains. Below Bretton Woods on the Maine Central Railroad is Crawfords, the site of the Crawford House. This splendid hotel, now meets every want of the army of tourists who visit here during the summer, and where years ago the sturdy pioneers of the mountains, Abel and Ethan Allen Crawford extended their hospitality in the first hotel established in the region. About three miles from the Crawford House, a little before reaching the Willey House, the Notch proper begins, extending to the gate or entrance at Bartlett, a distance of three miles. The railroad winds along the terraces several hundred feet high and from the car windows, the splendor of the Notch can be viewed much better than from the road. This pass is between Mt. Willard and Mt. Willey on the west, and Webster and Jackson on the east. In 1826, the Willey family, fearful of a tremendous slide from Mt. Willey, fed from the house, but ere they found shelter. were caught in the terrible crash, and all perished while the house which they feared would be demolished first, escaped destruction. Barstow in his history of New Hampshire thus describes the Crawford Notch: “Descending the river, the mountains in some places seem to close before you and meet together. In other places, their bare sides, scarred with avalanches, rise perpendicularly at first, then receding, swell into rugged pinnacles, with projecting craggs on either side, which nod over the bleak ridges under neath, threatening to burst from the gi
gantic mounds and crush the lower falls that surround them. The Saco has now swelled to a maddening torrent, and thunders down the chasm with a deep roar and a wild echo. After struggling through the mountains, the river issues with a calm flow upon the plain below and scarcely can the country furnish a more pleasant vale than that which borders the slow winding current of the Saco in the towns of Conway and Fryeburg." The general term, as applied to Crawford Notch, embraces as far as North Conway, which is looked upon as the entrance. Bartlett has two hotels and plenty of summer boarding places. Jackson, reached from Glen and Jackson Station on the Maine Central Railroad claims the famous Wildcat River, a handsome mountain stream which bisects the town. Jackson Falls, Ellis River, Glen Ellis Falls, Goodrich Falls, Iron Mountain, Double Head and Mt. Bartlett are all within easy driving and tramping distance. North Conway and Intervale are the "East Side” resorts of the mountains. They are situated in the choicest intervales of the mountains, watered by the pure Saco and guarded on east and west by the White Horse Ridge and Rattlesnake Range. Nearby is Mt. Kearsarge and across the river is Moat Mountain. At Intervale the view of the green valley with the giant peaks of the mountain range in the distance and nearer the verdant tops of the three “Thorns" is one of the loveliest combinations of pastoral and mountain vistas in the country. From the veranda of the Intervale House, one gets the entire sweep and at North Conway, likewise one surveys landscape pictures on all sides. Artist's Falls, Diana's Baths, Cathedral Woods. Humphrey's Ledge, Mt. Surprise, Goodrish Falls, Bartlett Boulder, Conway Corner, Jackson Falls, Pitman's Arch, Hurricane Mountain, Ridge Ride, Potter's Farm, Carter's Notch, Buttermilk Hollow, Fryeburg and Lovewell's Highland Park, Glen Ellis Falls, Swift River and Chicoma Lake are points of interest easily reached. Bath, Intervale and North Conway, have each a dozen first class summer hotels and boarding houses, with varying prices and accommodations to suit. South of North Conway are Madison and Ossipee, ideal summer resorts, blessed with fine mountain air; an abundance of trout brooks and lakes and nearby cosy walks and drives. Mt. Chocorua, one of the most interesting peaks of the Sandwich Range is easily reached from these towns and is a favorite climb with mountain trampers. On the Maine Central Railroad, west of North Conway, is Fryeburg, Maine, a town filled with Indian traditions and historical landmarks, enjoying all the benefits of the mountains in the shape of scenery, fresh air and good view points. Lovewell's Pond in Fryeburg, is an excellent resort for campers and fishermen. Away up in northern New Hampshire is Dixville Notch, not exactly a White Mountain resort, but near enough to be classed thus. It is neighborly to the Rangeley and Connecticut Lakes and its brooks and ponds are favorite resorts for the fishermen. The Notch is a deep ravine among high hills and is one of the most imposing scenes of rock and mountain views in America. Colebrook is the prominent summer center in this vicinity and also a departing point for the Connecticut Lakes on the Canadian border. In northern Vermont the Lake Memphremagog and Lake Willoughby regions, surrounded by high hills, are the nearest counterparts of Swiss Lakes to be found in the country and may be properly styled "mountain mirrors.” But ten miles of Memphremagog starting at Newport, lie within the territory of Vermont, the rest is in Canada. A steamer, "The Lady of the Lake” sails from Newport, past the towering peak of Bear Mountain and the Majestic Owl's Head. Willoughby is reached from West Burke, Vermont, an eight mile stage ride. The lake is six miles long and about one and a half miles wide and lies between two mountains, Pisgah and Hor. Indeed, the hills of northern Vermont which lie scattered between the White Mountains on the east and the Green Mountains on the west, have every right to be classed in the mountain district. Their scenery is both rugged and pastoral, grand and sublime, valley foilows mountain and meadow succeeds highland.
But Vermont looks for mountains not towards her scattered hills, but to the range of Green giants which have giveni her her name. The Green Mountains have two New England portals, one via the Central Vermont Railroad and the other via the Rutland Railroad at Bellows Falls. Entering the Central Vermont Portal at White River, the train reaches Bethel, before we are aware of our proximity to the mountains. Six miles more and at Randolph we come within sight of the higher summits. Beyond is Braintree, huddled midst a heap of rising hills and at Roxbury, the next station, the Dog River rises one thousand feet above the sea level. At Roxbury, the train crosses the summit pass of the Green Mountains. Next is Northfield, sheltered by two ranges of hills, one on each side of the river. From Montpelier Junction, a spur track runs to Montpelier, but a short distance. Montpelier, the capital city of the state, is in the Winooski Valley, guarded by high, round-topped hills and craggy mountain peaks which enhance the vista of broad, green fields and rich meadows. A city
with a reputation free from hay fever and warranted to dispel all germs with beautiful drives and parks and one of the best hotels in the state, Montpelier has all the appurtenances of a New England summer resort. At Middlesex, the river plunges into Middlesex Narrows, a canyon about a quarter of a mile in length and thirty feet deep and at Waterbury, eight miles from Montpelier, Camel's Hump and Mt. Mansfield meet our gaze. These two loftiest peaks of the Green Mountains are within easy riding distance of Waterbury. Waterbury has two hotels and boarding houses. North Duxbury, Richniond and Williston lie in an agricultural district and are favored with the excellent valley and river pictures of this region. At Stowe, which is 227 miles from Boston, Mansfield's summit looms up, but nine miles distant, easily reached. The view from the summit of Mount Mansfield is surpassed only by that from Mt. Washington. The Summit House is situated at the foot of what is known as the Nose and is a modern hotel; first class in every respect. Lake Mansfield, a beautiful sheet of water, covering an area of about one hundred acres, is iour miles south of the summit. Between Stowe and Waterbury, the Mt. Mansfield electric railway makes five trips daily, connecting with all passenger trains. Six miles southeast of Montpelier is Barre, the Granite center and Williamstown, the site of the healthful. Williamstown Springs, a celebrated summer resort, is connected by train withi Barre. The Gulf House is the popular rendezvous for resorters. Northfield, ten miles south of Montpelier, is in the very heart of the Green Mountains, and has a wealth of picturesque scenery. Camels' Hump is reached from Stowe by a sixteen mile drive and a five mile walk, but at Barre her high hills and wild mountains vista is shown to best advantage. The summit of Camel's Hump is but three miles distant. There is a first class hotel here and several smaller boarding houses. Next follows Richmond, a noted dairy section, and then Williston, a farming town with a summer hotel admir. ably located on a high hill, overlooking Lake Champlain. Here the Winooski Valley ends, at the gates of Burlington.
From Bellows Falls, the route is via the Rutland Railroad and in the valley of the Black River at Ludlow we enter the mountains. The train ascends heavy grades and just north of Ludlow the railroad is built, through a picturesque pass in the Green Mountains, continuing on to Headville and thence to Summit, over one thousand feet above sea level. Both Summit and Headville are favorite places for hunting and fishing. Mt. Holly, three miles beyond the summit, is a typical little Green Mountain hamlet and the forest covered tops of Mt. Hillington, Pico and Shrewsbury are nearby. East Walling ford, three miles further on, and Mott Haven, secluded in the mountains, are choice retreats. Cuttingville, also boasts of a hotel and is patronized by many during July and August. And easily reached from Cuttingville by stage are Lake Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury, North Shrewsbury and Cold River. At North Clarendon is the Clarendon Gorge, where the Miller River rolls rumbling along and in a few minutes the city of Rutland comes into view. Rutland is situated at an elevation of five hundred and sixty-two feet and facing the city on the east are the commanding spires of the Green Mountains; Pico, Shrewsbury, East Mountain and Ball Mountain. There are magnificent drives in the vicinity of the city to Proctor's Falls, the mountains, Killington Peak, Lake Pico, Bridgewater, Lake St. Catherine and Lake Bomoseen. An electric railway runs throughout the city and to many of the neighboring points of interest. Proctor, a marble center, the home of U. S. Senator Proctor, and Pittsford, located on a hill about three miles north of Proctor, are pleasant little mountain hamlets. Pittsford is admirably located on a hill overlooking the valley of the Otter and has pure sand springs in the near neighborhood and a wealth of historic landmarks and associations. It is gradually growing as a vacation center. From Brandon, the two lovely lakes, Dunmore and Silver are reached. Lake Dunmore is eight miles from the village. The lake is five miles in length and one and a quarter miles wide. Two modern summer hotels, accommodating three hun dred guests, take care of the summer visitors. At Sudbury, eight miles west of Brandon, is Lake Hertonia, and one mile from the Lake is the famous Hyde Manor. Hyde Manor has accommodations for two hundred and fifty guests; is ideally placed midst the richest of the Green Mountain scenery and is blessed with pure air and good piscatorial opportunities, for the anglers may try a cast for black bass and pickerel in Lake Hertonia and at Lake Hinkum a forty minutes' drive. Seven miles beyond Salisbury is Middlebury, and eleven miles east of Middlebury is the Bread Loaf Inn and Bread Loaf Mountain, four thousand feet high. The Inni stands upon a plateau at an altitude of sixteen hundred feet and is one of Vermont's best known summer resorts. Burnt Hill, Silent Cliff and Lake Pleiad are points of interest in the neighborhood. Bristol, the terminus of the Bristol Railroad, six miles in length, running from New Haven Junction, is a fertile little farming town, sheltered by Hog Back Mountain. Hotels and
boarding houses are within easy walking distance of some of the best known places of interest in the mauntains. Devil's Windpipe, Money Diggers' Cave and Rattlesnake Den are among them. Leaving Bristol, the glory of the Green Mountains fades and a few miles beyond, we are outside the realms of the mountains. Let us now hie toward the hills of Massachusetts, to the inviting towns midst the Hoosac Range and the Berkshire Hills.
The famous Hoosac Tunnel bores the range through Hoosac Mountain for a distance of four and a half miles. The east portal is beyond Zoar and the west at North Adams. North Adams is situated in the very heart of the Hoosac Mountains, surrounded by hills ranging from a thousand to fifteen hundred feet in height. Although a busy city of commercial proclivities, North Adams has also a store of cherished gifts in the shape of scenery and pure air for the vacationist and many nearby features of interest, reached by driving or walking, one of the most popular of which is the wonderful Natural Bridge. The bridge is located 011 Hudson's Brook, the waters of which have worn a passage through the solid rock a distance of a mile and fifteen feet wide. Sadawga Springs and Stamford are reached by stage from North Adams. Sadawga Springs is situated twenty-one hundred feet above the sea and possesses a beautiful lake and a famous floating island and is a delightful retreat for rest and health. Stamford is a lovely little town sheltered on one side by the Hoosac Mountains and on the other by the Green Mountains. Fifteen miles' drive fronr North Adams is Heartwellville, Vermont, a quiet little farming town with a summer colony. Williamstown, the handsome college town, is one of the most beautiful summer sections in New England. Henry Ward Beecher referred to it as situated "in a country of valleys, lakes and mountains that is yet to be as celebrated as the lake district of England or the hill country of Palestine." At Williamstown is located Williams College and from here Greylock is easiest reached by carriage road. Sand Springs, whose curative powers are well known, is a favorite visiting place. Greylock is 2525 feet above the sea and an excellent panorama rewards the tourist who climbs to the summit. Looking eastward, the Hoosac Range meets the prospect, while toward the north, the long line of the Green Mountains greets the vision. One large hotel, the Greylock, besides several smaller ones and boarding houses, are well prepared to serve the visitors to Williamstown. Following the winding of the mountains, the railroad leads us from Williamstown, across the State line to Pownal and North Pownal, Vermont, both beautiful hamlets in the midst of the mountains. The Hoosac River shows its presence here and adds materially to the picturesqueness of the surroundings. Bennington, the sacred battelground of John Stark's victory, is but a few miles distant and having journeyed hence, one has toured the few but striking haunts of the "Hoosac.”
And now for the Berkshire Hills ! which comprise a magnificent territory of mountains, valleys and lakes, reaching from Salisbury to Williamstown and from Williamstown to Bennington, Vermont. The Boston & Albany Railroad winds through the principal cities of this region. And one writer on this territory said, “We hve entered the Berkshires by a road far superior to the Appian Way. On every side are rich valleys and smiling hillsides and deep set in their hollows, lovely lakes sparkle like gems." From early summer until late autumn, the Berkshires attract the tourists and in October when the vacationists have fled from the seashore and country and the frosts of the Green and the White Mountains have forced a departure, a farewell vacation pilgrimage is made to the Berkshires, where the splendor of the autumn foliage and the freshness of the atmosphere not only satisfies but enthralls the visitors. Beecher, speaking of October in the Berkshires, says, “Have the evening clouds suffused with sunset, dropped down and become fixed into solid forms? Have the rainbows that followed autumn storms faded upon the mountains and left their mantles there? What a mighty chorus of colors do the trees roll down the valleys, up the hillsides and over the mountains.” Pittsfield, Massachusetts, has been termed the “Gem City of the Berkshires." It is 150 miles from Boston and 52 miles from Albany, New York. It is the center of a superb circumference of drive and view. It has all the conveniences and accommodations that modern life requires, good walks, good roads, water, electric lights, churches of all denominations, library, etc. The principal hotel is the Maplewood. Balanced Rock is Berkshire's greatest natural curiosity. It is located to the northeast of Pittsfield and is reached by a very pleasant drive. Its height is eighteen feet, estimated weight of 150 tons and rests upon one square foot of surface. Onota Lake is one and a quarter miles distant; Pontoosuc two miles; Silver Lake one and a half miles; Ashley Lake, five miles and More wood Lake two miles. Greylock is reached by good roads and by electric cars from Pittsfield. Electric cars connect Pittsfield with Lenox, which is on the line of the Boston & Albany Railroad and New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. Lenox has attained the highest rank as a
vacation resort, surrounded by all the charms of the Berkshires, while the wealth of her patrons has fixed upon her the same exclusive mark which stamps Newport the seashore city of the “smart set.” Driving and riding, automobiling, walking or golfing, offer opportunities for pleasure beyond the ordinary. The distant views are fine; the Green Mountains on the north; the Salisbury Hills in Connecticut and the Catskill Mountains to the west are in plain view The Hotel Aspenwall, a magnificently equipped hostelry and the "Curtis" are two of the principal hotels. Stockbridge, a smaller town than Lenox, possesses charming social life and the famous Red Lion Inn, where tourists gather. Stockbridge has a golf club and a few minutes' walk from the hotel are the links. Just to the east of Pittsfield, reached by the Boston & Albany and trolley cars is Dalton, Massachusetts. Dalton has excellent hotel accommodations and numerous scenic attractions. Wahcanalı Falls, one of the handsomest of the Berkshire cascades, is located near the town. Dalton has acquired fame as being the site of the “Crane Paper Mills" where the paper used by the government for greenbacks is manufactured. Hinsdale, Massachusetts, a few miles east of Dalton, is a busy little town and has a hotel and sev. eral boarding houses, beautiful walks and drives and many attractions for the summer vacationist. Becket is sixteen miles east of Pittsfield, and here Centre and Yoakum Lakes afford boating and fishing opportunities. Beautiful roads penetrate the mountain district. Centre Lake is a fine sheet of water, about one mile in length. It is located on the top of a hill and is fifteen hundred feet above sea level. The summer home of the late W. C. Whitney is located at Becket, in the October Mountains.
Templeton, twelve hundred feet above the sea, is one of the oldest towns in the state. It is five hours' ride from Boston and is situated on the western slope of 3 long plateau, and whichever way you turn, a constantly changing picture of beautiful landscape is presented. Middlefield, which is situated three and a half miles from the Boston & Albany Railroad station, on the top of one of the lofty hills of the Berkshires, at an altitude of eighteen hundred feet, is fast growing as a summer resort. Middlefield has a country club of about one hundred members. This greatly adds to the social life of the community. Cummington and Worthington are popular summering spots. Cummington is reached by stage from Dalton and Worthington is reached from Hinsdale, Massachusetts, by stage. Huntington is a pretty little village nestling among the bills, and two miles from Huntington is