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port of J.

S. E. part of Europe and cele-1 and is chiefly noted for pilgrim. brated for arts and sciences. age. It contains about 20,000 The Romans divided Gr. into inhabitants. two parts, Mac., in the north, Jew'ry, another name for Jud. comprehending Mac., Epirus, Jop'pa, now Jaffa, s-p. Jud. ; 34 and Thessaly; and Achaia in WNW. J. It is noted as the the south, comprising Gr. Proper, and the Peloponnesus. The Jor'dan, river, Pal., the only conGreeks established various colo- siderable one in the country. nies in A. M., the inhabitants of It rises in Mt. Hermon, passes which spoke the Greek language, through lakes Merom and G. and were also called Greeks. and after a course of 150 miles,

flows into the Dead sea.H.

The country beyond the Jor.

dan" comprised Peræa, BataHi-e-rap'o-lis, t. A. M., in Phry. nea, Trachonitis, Ituræa, Ga

gia, on the Mæander, near Co- laaditis, Gaulonitis, and Deca. losse.


Ju-de'a, the south part of Pal. I.

often applied to the whole

country. I-co'ni-um, city, A. M., capital of

L. Lycaonia ; 150 WNW. Tarsus. I-du-mæ'a, country, lying in the La-od-i-ce'a, now Eski-hissar, t.

north of Arabia, and south of A. M. in Phrygia; 120 E. by S. Jud.

Smyrna. Il-lyr'i-cum, country, lying on the La-se'a, t. near the east end of

east side of the Adriatic sea, Crete. north of Epirus.

Lib'y-a, country, Africa, to the It'a-ly, country, Europe, com- west of Egypt.

prising a peninsula, in a form Ly-ca-o'ni-a, country, A. M., W. resembling that of a boot. of Cappadocia.

Lyc'i-a, country, A. M., near the S. J.

W. corner, on the Med.

Lyd'da, or Lod, or Diospolis, t. Jer'i-cho, city, Jud.; 5 miles W. of Jud.; 12 E. of Joppa.

the river Jordan, 17 ENE. J. Lys'tra, t. A. M. ; 38 S. Iconium. It was noted for palm trees, and

M. was once a large city, but now à mean village.

Mac-e-do'ni-a, country, in the Je-ru'sa-lem, celebrated city of north of Gr. The Roman pro

Asia, capital of ancient Jud. and vince of Mac. included Mac. of modern Pal.; 34 ESE. Joppa. Proper, Epirus, and Thessaly. It is memorable for its ancient Mag'da-la, t. Pal., at the south temple, for the death and resur- end of the lake of G. rection of our Saviour, and for Me'di-a, country, Asia, lying N. its signal destruction by Titus, of Persia, and S. of the Caspian the Roman emperour. built on four hills, Zion, or Sion, Mel'i-ta, island, on which St. Paul Moriah, Acra, and Bezeta. The was shipwrecked, generally supname Zion is often applied to posed to be Malta, S. of Sicily, the whole city. The modern but by some supposed to corres city is built on Mount Moriah, pond to Meleda, in the Adriatic.

It was



Mes-o-po-ta'mi-a, country, Asia,, Paph-la-go'ni-a, country, A. M.,

between the rivers Euphrates bordering on the Euxine sea. and Tigris.

Pa'phos, t. Cyprus, at the west Mi-le'tus, city & s-p. A. M. ; 35 S.

end. Ephesus. "It was anciently fa- Parthi-a, country, Asia, E. of mous for its wealth and com- Media.

Pat'a-ra, s.p. A. M., in Lycia; Mi-le'tum, t. in Crete.

160 SE. Ephesus. Mit-y-le'ne, t. in Lesbos, an island Patmos, now Patino or Palmosa,

on the coast of A. M., NW. of small rocky island in the Ægæan Smyrna.

sea; 16 SW. Samos. A grotto My'ra, city, A. M. capital of Ly- in a rock, now converted into cia; 40 ENE. Patara.

a monastery, called the MonasMys'i-a, country comprehending tery of the Apocalypse, or of the N. W. part of A. M.

St. John, is pointed out as the

spot where that apostle wrote N.

the book of Revelation.

Per'ga, now Karahissan, city, Na'in, t. Galilee; 8 SE. Naza- A. M., capital of Pamphylia; reth.

90 S. W. Iconium. Naz'a-reth, t. Galilee ; 50 N. J. Per'ga-mus, now Pergamo, city,

It is memorable for having been A. M., in Mysia, on the Caicus; the residence of our Saviour for 50 N. Smyrna. It was once a about 30 years. It contains large city, the capital of a king2,000 or 3,000 inhabitants, and dom, and had a famous library. is frequently visited by pilgrims, It now contains about 5,000 who are conducted to many

inhabitants. places that are reputed holy. Per'si-a, great empire, Asia, east Ne-ap'o-lis, now Cavala, t. Mac., of the Tigris. SE. of Philippi.

Pho-ni'ce, or Phoe-ni'cia, country Neph'tha-li,or Neph'tha-lim, Land in the north of Pal., on the Med.,

of, district, in the north part of containing the cities of Tyre Galilee.

and Sidon. Ni-cop'o-lis, now Prevesa, t. Epi- Phoenix, or Phe-ni'ce, t. in SW. rus; NW. of Actium.

part of Crete. Ni veh, city and capital of As- Phil-a-del'phi-a, now Allah-Shehr,

syria, on the Tigris. In ancient city, A. M., in Lydia, on the times it was one of the largest Hermus; 65 E. Smyrna. It was cities in the world. Some re- once a large city; but now conmains of it are now seen on the tains only about 3,000 inhabiTigris, opposite to Mosul.


Phi-lip'pi, now Datos, city, Mac.; 0.

70 ENE. Thessalonica. It was

once a large city; now a mean Ollives. Mount of, or Olivet, mt. village.

Jud., to the east of J., from which Phryg’i-a, country, in the cen-
it was separated by the brook tral part of A. M.

Pi-sid'i-a, country, A. M. S. of


Pon'tus, country, comprehending

the NE. part of A. M., and Pam-phyl'i-a, country, A. M., bor- bordering on the Euxine sea. dering on the Med.

Ptole-ma'is, now Acre, s-p. Pah

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24 S. Tyre. It is famous for its Ægæan sea, separated from siege by the Crusaders. It is A. M. by a narrow strait. now the principal port of Pal., Sa-mo-thra'ce, or Sa-mo-thra'ci-a, and contains about 10,000 in- now Samotraki, small island in habitants.

the north part of the Ægæan Pu-te'o-li, now Pozzuolo, t. Italy; 6 W. Naples.

Sar'dis, now Sart, city, A. M. Ra'ma, t. Jud., between Bethle- capital of Lydia, on the Pacto

hem and J.; also another a few lus; 30 ENE. Smyrna. It miles N. J.

was once a splendid city, but Red Sea, or Arabian Gulf, a gulf now a mean village.

about 1400 miles long, dividing Sa-rep'ta, or Sar'e-phath, now SarArabia from the opposite coast fend, city, Phænicia; 8 S. Sidon. of Africa.

Sa'ron, or Sha'ron, t. Samaria, to Rhe'gi-um, now Reggio, s-p. at the north of Lydda, and south

the southern point of Italy, on of Antipatris. the strait of Messina.

Sel-eu'ci-a, s-p. Syria; 12 W. An Rhodes, island near the SW. tioch.

corner of A. M. celebrated in She'ba, country, bordering on the ancient history for commerce, Red Sea, supposed by some to and for a colossal statue, which correspond to a part of Arabia. was reckoned one of the sev by others to a part of Abyssinia. wonders of the world.

Sidon, or Zi'don, now Saida, Rome, city, Italy, on the Tiber, s-p. Phænicia; 20 N. Tyre, 55 12 miles from the sea.

It was

W. Damascus. It was once a built on 7 hills, was the capital great commercial city, but is of the Roman empire, the mis- now reduced to a meanly built tress of the world, and the seat town, yet is the port of Damasof arts and arms. It has long cus, and has considerable trade. been the residence of the Pope, Silo-am, a fountain and tower and the seat of ecclesiastical near the walls of J. power. It contains St. Peter's Si'nai, mt. Arabia, in the midst of church, the most magnificent edi-! a desert, between the two northfice in the world, and has many ern arms of the Red sea. It monuments of its ancient gran- is composed of red granite, in deur. Though greatly reduced, which steps have been cut, in it nevertheless contains about order to facilitate the ascent. 136,000 inhabitants.

Immediately to the west of Si. Sal'a-mis, t. on the SE. part of nai, is Mount Horeb, which is Cyprus.

a summit of the same range. Sa'lim, t. Samaria ; 40 N. by Si'on, or Zi'on, see J. E. J.

Smyrna, city and s-p. A. M. in loSal

mo ne, a promontory near the nia, 35 N. by W. Ephesus. It was east end of Crete.

anciently large and powerful, Sa-ma'ri-a, the middle division of and is now the most populous

Pal., bounded N. by Galilee, E. and commercial city in A. M. by the Jordan, S. by Jud., and Sod'om, one of the cities which W. by the Med.

were destroyed by fire from Sa-ma'ri-a, now Sebaste, the capi- heaven, and which stood in the

tal of the kingdom of Israel, situation now occupied by the and of the province of Sama- Dead Sea. ria; 36 N. J.

Spain, a country in the SW. of Samos, a fertile island in the Europe.

Syr'a-cuse, once a rich and popu- Three Tav'erns, place, Italy, about lous city, on the SE. part of the 30 S. by E. Rome. island of Sicily:

Thy-a-ti'ra, now Akhisar, Sychar, called also Sichem, and A. M. on the borders of Mysia Shechem, now Napolose, city, and Lydia; 40 NE. Smyrna. Samaria, between mounts Ebal Ti-beri-as, now Tabaria, t. Pal. and Gerizim ; 24 N. J. Three capital of Galilee, on the west miles from Sychar was Jacob's side of the lake of G. or sea of Well, memorable for our Sa- Tiberias, 58 N. J. It has long viour's conversation with the been a place of note among the woman of Samaria. On mount Jews, and is one of the four holy Gerizim was the temple of the cities of the Talmud, the other Samaritans.

three being Safad, J. and HeSyri-a, country, Asia, extending bron.

from A. M. and the Med. on the Tra-cho-ni'tis, district in the NE. west, to the Euphrates on the part of Pal. east, and in its most extensive Tro'as, district in the NW. corsense, including Pal.

ner of A. M. Sy-ro-phe-nic'i-a, that part of Tro-gyl’li-um, t. on the W. coast Phoenicia which bordered on of A.M. a little to the SE. of the Syria.

island of Samos. Ta bor, conical mountain, Pal., to Tyre, now Sur, city and s-p. the west of the lake of G., sup- Phænicia; 20 S. Sidon. It is a posed to have been the scene of very ancient city, in early ages The transfiguration.

celebrated for commerce. Tar'sus, city, A.M. capital of Ci- now a mean fishing town.

licia, 100 NW. Antioch. It Wilder-ness, or Desert of Jud., was anciently large and splen- an extensive desert, extending did, distinguished in the arts from the neighbourhood of Jeri

and sciences, but now decayed. cho to the south, along the west Thes-sa-lo-ni'ca, now Saloniki, side of the Dead sea.

city and s-p. Mac., both in an. Zab'u-lon, Tribe of, district Pal., cient and modern times large on the W. side of the lake of G. and commercial. It is situated on a gulf, about 200 N. Athens.

It is

T'he preceding valuable Table constitutes a brief Gazeteer of the New Testament. To compress it into the narrowest possible compass, more abbreviations have been used than the AUTHOR made. It becomes necessary, therefore, that the Note of Explanations at the beginning of the Table, should be thoroughly committed to memory or constantly consulted. A vague impression not unfrequently exists, that the places and events mentioned in the Scriptures, have little more connexion with this earth and our race, than the places and beings introduced in tales of Arabian nights about Fairies and Genii. A knowledge of Scripture Geography tends to counteract this evil.

It is desirable that the map now subjoined, should be attentively consulted to learn the general circumstances, the relative bearings and im portaace of seas, rivers, mountains, provinces, cities and towns delineated on it.

Editor of Reference Testames.


Chronological Table.

In a Chronological Table of the Scriptures PERFECT accuracy in dates is not to be expected. The most learned and laborious investigations have found, and left difficulties on this subject. No more is here proposed than to name the anthors of the different Books and about the time when they were written, according to the best means of deciding which the Compiler possessed.

The Creation and the apostacy David kills Goliah. A. C. 1063. of man. A. C. 4004.

Samuel dies aged 98 years. 1057. Adam died. 3074.

The two Books of Samuel, the Enoch was translated. 3017.

two Books of Kings, and the two Noah was warned of the deluge. Books of Chronicles were proba2468.

bly compiled by Ezra, from Jewish Methuseleh died and the de-authentic records to which he had luge commenced. 2348.

access, and must be dated later. Tower of Babel built. 2233. Book of Psalms principally writAbram was born. 1996. ten about this time. Isaac was born. 1889.

Absalom's rebellion and death. Abraham offers Isaac. 1871. 1023.

Esau and Jacob were born. David's advice to Solomon, and 1836.

death. 1014. Joseph was born. 1745. Solomon commences building

Joseph was sold into Egypt. the Temple. 1013. 1724.

finishes and dedicates Joseph's exaltation. 1711. lit; between this date and the next Jacob goes to Egypt. 1706. he writes the Canticles, Proverbs Aaron was born. 1571. and Ecclesiastes. 1003. Moses was born. 1571.

Solomon dies, and Rehoboam Moses goes to Midian. 1531. succeeds him. 975. God appears to him. 1491. Asa dies, and Jehosaphat suc

Israelites pass the Red Sea. ceeds him. 914. 1491.

Elijah destroys the prophets of Pentateuch written by Moses, Baal, and anoints Elisha. 908. and probably the book of Job. Ahab slain in battle. 897. 1452.

Elijah was translated. 896. Moses's death. 1451.

Elisha dies. 839. Joshua's victories commence. Between the time of the last 1450.

date and the succeeding one Jo. terminate. 1443. nah, Micah, Amos, Hosea, Joel, The Book of Joshua written. and Nahum prophecy and write 1443.

the Books which bear their names. Government of the Judges com- Isaiah concludes the writing of mences. 1405.

mis prophecy. 710.
Samuel is judge. 1096.

Revival of Religion in Josiah's
Saul anointed king. 1074. reign. 634.
The Books of Judges and Ruth Zephaniah

Habakuk 'prowere probably compiled by Samu- phecy and write the Books bearel about this period. 1069. ling their names. 613.

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