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AS EXTENDED BY S. RES. 234 OF THE 85TH CONGRESS,

2D SESSION

A SURVEY OF THE EXTENT TO WHICH CONSTITUTIONAL
RIGHTS ARE BEING RESPECTED IN THE ISSUANCE, LIMI-
TATION OF USE, DENIAL, AND REVOCATION OF AMERICAN

PASSPORTS

APRIL 4, 1957

PART 2

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri

WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois MATTHEW M, NEELY, West Virginia

JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri, Chairman JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah
OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
CHARLES H. SLAYMAN, Jr., Chief Counsel and Staff Director

MARCIA J. MACNAUGHTON, Research Assistant

II

CONTENTS

105

Witnesses:

1. Robert F. Cartwright, Acting Director, Bureau of Security and

Consular Affairs, Department of State (accompanied by Willis

Young, Deputy Director, Passport Office; Ashley J. Nicholas,

Chief, Legal Division, Passport Office; and John W. Sipes, Counsel, Pago

Board of Passport Appeals, Department of State).

58

2. Robert F. Hurleigh, president, Radio and Television Correspond-

ents Association.-

3. Cliff Mackay, editor, Baltimore Afro-American...

102

4. Charles E. Řotkin, president, American Society of Magazine Pho-
tographers...

112

Statements received for the record:

1. Barnett, Claude A., Associated Negro Press

123

2. Holt, Cooper T., commander in chief, Veterans of Foreign Wars-- 115

3. Jacobs, Lou, Jr., president, Southern California Chapter of Ameri-

can Society of Magazine Photographers..

123

4. Loeb, William, publisher, Manchester Union Leader.

123
5. Williams, Cranston, American Newspaper Publishers Association. 114

Exhibits for the record:

Letters:

Hennings, Thomas C., Jr., United States Senator, to Secretary of

State John Foster Dulles, March 22, 1957.-

57

Hill, Robert C., Assistant Secretary, Department of State, to
Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., March 29, 1957---

58

Ludwig, Gilbert, clerk, United States District Court for the

Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to chief counsel, Consti-

tutional Rights Subcommittee.

81, 84

Slayman, Charles H., Jr.,

to Gilbert Ludwig, clerk, United States

District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania_

80

Slayman, Charles H., Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee, to Frank Stanton, president, Columbia Broad-

casting System..

117

Stanton, Frank, president, Columbia Broadcasting System, to

Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee...

117

Copies of court records in the case of William Worthy--

81, 147
Editorial, Above the Law? by David Lawrence, U. S. News & World
Report, February 22, 1957..

117
Press release, Department of State, February 5, 1957, concerning
travel by newsmen in Red China -

98
Regulations of the Secretary of State concerning issuance of passports- 66
Legal opinion on the right of travel for newsmen, prepared by Morris

L. Ernst for Victor Lasky, chairman, freedom of the press com-
mittee, Overseas Press Club.

119

Restrictive stamps used by the Department of State to limit the use

of passports.---

89-90

Page 124

125 125

125

143

144

145

145

158

APPENDIX
1. Correspondence between the chairman of the Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee and the Secretary of State concerning the appear-
ance of the Secretary as a witness before the subcommittee:
(a) Senator Hennings to Secretary of State Dulles, April 23,

1957.--
(6) Robert C. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, to Senator

Hennings, May 1, 1957.-
(c) Senator Hennings, to Secretary of State Dulles, May 8, 1957.
(d) Robert C. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, to Senator

Hennings, May 15, 1957, enclosing copy of State Depart-
ment replies to the questions raised during a hearing held
by the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Rela-

tions.
2. Statement by William Worthy in Chicago, April 4, 1957, commenting

upon Mr. Cartwright's testimony... 3. Article in the New York Times, April 5, 1957 concerning, William

Worthy---
4. Correspondence between the Constitutional Rights Subcommittee and

the Department of State concerning (1) William Worthy court
records, and (2) American prisoners in Red China:
(a) Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee, to Assistant Secretary of State Robert C.

Hill, May 13, 1957..
(6) Robert F. Cartwright, Acting Administrator, Bureau of

Security and Consular Affairs, to Charles H. Slayman, Jr.,

May 24, 1957.-5. Passports and the Right To Travel: A Study of Administrative Control

of the Citizen, prepared by Freeman W. Sharp, Legislative Reference

Service, Library of Congress.6. Summary of Statutes, Regulations and Recent Court Decisions Per

taining to the Issuance of Passports, prepared by Victor L. Edwards,

Legislative Reference Service, Library of Congress 7. Legislative History of Basic Passport Acts, prepared by Victor L.

Edwards, Legislative Reference Service, Library of Congress
8. Geographic Limitations on Validity of Passports During Past 40 Years

and Their Application to the Cases of Journalists, study by Ashley J.
Nicholas, Chief, Passport Legal Division, Passport Office, Depart-

ment of State...
9. 1957 Compilation of Statutes, Executive Orders, and Administrative

Rules and Regulations bearing upon the issuance of passports to
American citizens, submitted by Frances G. Knight, Director, Pass-
port Office, Department of State.

Letter of Transmittal.--.
10. Discretionary Refusal of Passports, study submitted by Frances G. Knight,

Director, Passport Office, Department of State, July 22, 1957... 11. Department of State requirements for making application for pass

port. 12. Department of State passport application ---13. Department of State passport renewal application..--14. Contents of the passport issued by the Department of State, United

States of America..
15. Correspondence between the Senate Constitutional Rights Subcom-

mittee staff and the Department of State concerning State Depart-
ment passport policies:
(a) Letter from Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitu-

tional Rights Subcommittee, June 19, 1958.
(6) Letter from John S. Hoghland, 2d, Department of State,

August 28, 1958...
16. Passport Office statistical reports, received from Frances G. Knight,

Director of the Passport Office, Department of State:

Report of October 23, 1957..
(Supplemented, October 20, 1958)

175

185

187

209 209

262

362 366 370

371

374

376

381 391

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