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Additional information supplied by-Continued


Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen-Continued

Exhibit No. 4: Revenue traffic units per man-hour, specified dates,

1921 to September 1950-----


Exhibit No. 5: Typical wage increases since the Korean crisis.- 136

Exhibit No. 6: Rates of pay--


Exhibit No. 7: Financial position of the railways..


Exhibit No. 8: Comparison of railroad revenue yield per traffic

unit with indexes of price changes, selected years 1921-49 and

monthly, 1950.-


Exhibit No. 9: The 40-hour week on American railroads-excerpt

from the Emergency Board report on wages and hours for non-

operating railway employees December 17, 1948_---


Exhibit No. 10: Excerpts from the McDonough Board report-- 603

Exhibit No. 11: Achievement of the 40-hour week in American

Industry-Excerpts from National Industrial Recovery Act---- 606

Exhibit No. 12: Establishment of the 5-day workweek by the

Ford Motor Co---


Exhibit No. 13: Traffic units per employee, yard service em-

ployees, selected years, 1922–49---


Exhibit No. 14: Yard-service casualties, class I railways, 1930-49;

casualties of yard firemen and helpers, class I railways, 1941-45;

casualties of yard brakemen and yard helpers, class I railways,

1941-45; Army and Air Force casualties World War II.-


Exhibit No. 15: Members of Emergency Board in Conductors

and Trainmen case, 1950---


Exhibit No. 16: Members of the Emergency Board in the non-

operating 40-hour week and wage increase case, 1948.--


Exhibit No. 17: Railway occupational groups operating predomi-

nantly on a 7-day week in May, 1948.-


Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen:

Correspondence between W. P. Kennedy and-



William Green, Philip Murray, and John L. Lewis.

Excerpts from statement of W. P. Kennedy to Federal Distriet
Court, Chicago, Ill., January 1951.-


Exhibit No. 1: Proposals of the organizations before the Presi-

dent's Emergency Board re conductors' and trainmen's 1949

Rules Movement.-


Exhibit No. 2: Chronological analysis of dispute from its incep-
tion; filed with committee.

Exhibit No. 3: Letter from W. P. Kennedy, president, to chair-
men, General Grievance Committees -

65, 68
Exhibit No. 4: Constitution and bylaw's; filed with committee-- 73
Exhibit No. 5: Article in Trainmen News; filed with committee-- 77
Press statements.

51, 54, 55, 62, 74
Telegram to John R. Steelman.--


Carriers :

Circular to chief operating officers, Western Railways, represented

by Western Carriers' Conference Committee--


Exhibit No. 1: Various correspondence-


Exhibit No. 2: Authorization granted the Western Carriers' Con-

ference Committee----


Exhibit No. 3: Papers and documents; filed with the committee-- 353

Exhibit No. 4: Mediation agreement--Order of Railway Con-

ductors and Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen vensus Certain

Western Railroads.


Exhibit No. 5: Interim agreements


Exhibit No. 6: Statement of principles adopted at the White



Exhibit No. 7: Complete set of agreements between the eastern,

western, and southeastern carriers and their employees, repre-

sented by the Railroad Yardmasters of America; filed with



Exhibit No. 8: Memorandum of agreement, Washington, D. C.,

December 21, 1950.


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Additional information supplied by—Continued

Exhibit No. 9: Additional memorandum of agreement, December
21, 1950.-

Exhibit No. 10: Financial condition of the railroads, prepared by

the Bureau of Railway Economics of the Association of Amer-
ican Railroads..

Exhibit No. 11: Carrier proposals for complete agreement; filed
with committee---

Exhibit No. 12: Brief; filed with committee_-

Exhibit No. 13: Railroad transportation, a statistical record,


Committee on Labor and Public Welfare:

Correspondence re General Order No. 2_


Exhibit No. 1: Article in New York Times re December 21 agree-

ment ----


Exhibit No. 2: Article in New York IIerald Tribune re December

21 agreement.


Exhibit No. 3: Article in Cleveland Plain Dealer re December

21 agreement.-


Exhibit No. 4: Article in Christian Science Monitor re December

2! agreement.


Exhibit No. 5: Associated Press dispatch announcing settlement

of nonoperating dispute--


Exhibit No. 6: Letters from Karl R. Bendetsen, Assistant Secre-

tary of the Army, to counsel of the subcommittee, November

3, 1950, and February 21, 1951, with attachments -


Exhibit No. 7: Report of Emergency Board No. 66, sometimes

called the Leiserson report, which referred to the Akron &

Barberton Belt Railroad Co. and its employees, dated December

17, 1948; filed with the committee.-


Exhibit No.8: Report No. 83, also called McDonough report, which

involved the switchmen's union and the western carriers; filed

with the committee


Exhibit No. 9: Emergency Board Report No. 92, dated September

9, 1950, which involved disputes between the Atlantic & East

Carolina Railroad Co. and certain other carriers and brother-

hoods ; filed with committee.-


Exhibit No. 10: Emergency Board Report No. 73, dated May 6,

1949, which involved the employees of the Railway Express

Agency; filed with committee -


Exhibit No. 11: Statistics re 40-hour week and 48-hour pay pre-

pared by Bureau of Labor Statistics..


Exhibit No. 12: Editorial in Washington Post, March 14, 1951.. 402

Exhibit No. 13: Article in New York Times, January 24,


Facing p. 485

Exhibit No. 14: Article in Trainman News, February 5,


Facing p. 485

Exhibit No. 15: Indiana Harbor Belt Line Railroad Co, agree-



Exhibit No. 16: Rank of 124 individual industries in manufactur-

ing and nonmanufacturing, in may 1919—average hourly earn-



Exhibit No. 17: Rank of 124 industries in manufacturing and

nonmanufacturing, in May 1919_average weekly earnings.. 646

Exhibit No. 18: Table on hours and earnings of class I railroa

employees in relation to 32 selected manufacturing industries,

January 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, and 1949..


Exhibit No. 19: Letter from John Thad Scott, Jr., National Media-

tion Board, to chairman, March 28, 1951..


Exhibit No. 20 : Correspondence between Order of Railway Con-

ductors of America and Karl R. Bendetsen, Assistant Secretary

of the Army, February 27, 1951.-.


Exhibit No. 21 : Letter from chairman to Hon. John R. Steelman,

February 23, 1951..


Exhibit No. 22: Correspondence between Karl R. Bendetsen, As-

sistant Secretary of the Army, and counsel; and Brotherhood of

Railroad Trainmen and Department of the Army---






Additional information supplied by-Continued
Committee on Labor and Public Welfare Continued

Exhibit No. 23: Yearbook of Railroad Information, 1950 edition;

filed with committee---

Exhibit No. 24: Book entitled “Railroad Men and Wages," by

J. Elmer Monroe; filed with committee_

Exhibit No. 25: Book entitled “Wages, Hours, and Employment

in the United States, 1914 to 1936" ; filed with committee----

Exhibit No. 26: Summary of increases in rates granted to carriers.

Exhibit No. 27: Editorial in Washington Post, April 3, 1951,

Rail Arbitrator.-

Exhibit No. 28: Class I railroads and 32 selected manufacturing

industries ranked according to average earnings, January 1939,

1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949_.

Exhibit No. 29: Release of the Association of American Railroads,

dated April 4, 1951, with respect to net operating income of class

I railroads---

Exhibit No. 30: Booklet entitled "General Rebuttal of Employees

to Carriers' Proposals for Managerial Prerogative to Strip Op-

erating Employees of Valuable Earned Rights"; filed with


Various correspondence-

Department of the Army: Correspondence between Karl R. Bendet-

sen, Assistant Secretary of the Army, and chairman---

National Mediation Board :

Exhibit No. 1: Pamphlet entitled "Fifteen Years Under the Rail-

way Labor Act, Amended, and the National Mediation Board";

filed with committee--

Exhibit No. 2: Number of employees under original Railway Labor

Act, 1926_.

Exhibit No. 3: Number of employees under Railway Labor Act,

as amended, 1934.---

Exhibit No. 4: Number of employees under original Railway Labor

Act, 1926_.

Exhibit No. 5: Cases handled and disposition thereof by the

National Mediation Board for the period 1935 to 1950, inclusive-

Exhibit No. 6: Annual report of the National Mediation Board

for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1950; filed with committee---

Teletype of August 26, 1950_

Order of Railway Conductors :

Exhibit No. 1: Report to the President by the Emergency Board,

dated June 15, 1950; filed with the committee---

Exhibit No. 2: Background information re McDonough-Watkins-

O'Malley Board, appointed by the President---
Exhibit No. 3: Carriers' proposal known as attachment A.-
Exhibits Nos. 4, 5, and 6: Schedules governing working conditions

on various railroads; filed with committee.---

Exhibit No. 7: Constitution, Statute, and rules of order; filed

the committee...

Exhibit No. 8: Formal call of chairman, general committees of

adjustment, railroads in the United States, participating in the

joint concerted rules movement of 1949, to convene in St. Louis,

Mo., on Jan. 7, 1951, for the purpose of giving further considera-

tion of the 1949 rules dispute and wage increases.

Exhibit No. 9: Telegram of R. O. Hughes, to John R. Steelman,

January 7, 1951.-

Exhibit No. 10: Memorandum of February 6, 1951, general basis

for settlement of wage and rules dispute.-

Exhibit No. 11: Basis for settlement of wage-rules dispute, dated

February 13, 1951.--

Exhibit No. 12: Press release, issued in St. Louis, Mo., January

7, 1951, by the general chairmen.

Table showing average of basic daily rates paid through freight

service, 1944-50-

Telegram to President.

Transport Workers Union of America: Telegram to Senator Herbert

Lehman, March 20, 1951.

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Washington, D.C. The committee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, in the Old Supreme Court room, the Capitol, Senator James E. Murray (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Murray (chairman), Hill, Humphrey, Lehman, Pastore, Taft, Aiken, and Morse.

Also present: William H. Coburn, chief clerk of the committee; Herman Lazarus and Tom Shroyer, of the professional staff of the committee; and Ray R. Murdock, counsel to the Subcommittee on Labor-Management Relations.

The CHAIRMAN. The hearing will come to order, please.

Several of the Senators that intend to be here are being delayed. Senator Neely is occupied with a hearing in the District Committee and has a number of witnesses there, and he just came and told me that he would be available if necessary. But we will proceed with the hearing, and the Senators will arrive in due course.

The purpose of this hearing is to inquire into the causes of, the issues involved in and the repeated failure to settle the current labor dispute between the railroad carriers and the four operating railroad brotherhoods. The dispute commenced formally in March 1949 and, judging by newspaper reports, is no nearer settlement now.

Since it affects the stability of the operations of our railroads, this dispute constitutes a threat to our economy and our defense effort. Since it affects interstate commerce, it is a problem of immediate and direct concern to the Federal Government and the Congress.

It is difficult to believe that men of good faith cannot settle almost any dispute in a period of 2 years. And if a dispute cannot be settled in 2 years, there is no good reason to believe that it can be settled in 4 years or in 10 years.

It is, therefore, pertinent and appropriate that Congress should investigate this dispute, and the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare has so ordered.

Congress has passed much legislation to sponsor and promote collective bargaining and the peaceful settlement of labor disputes. Many years ago Congress recognized the necessity of providing by legislation appropriate mechanisms for the adjustment of labor disputes in the railroad industry, and therefore passed the Railway Labor Act. It sets up elaborate procedures. Those procedures have been utilized to the fullest extent in this dispute, and yet it is not settled.


The committee hopes that by this hearing, by airing the issues, by examining the procedures established by the Railway Labor Act, and by publicly bringing together the parties, it may achieve two objectives: (1) To afford an impartial forum in which conflicting views can be tested and publicized; and (2) to find some legislative remedy which will prevent the recurrence of disputes of this type which are so dangerous to the public welfare.

Accordingly all known parties have been invited to appear and participate in this hearing. Within the limits of our time, other persons who desire to testify will be heard.

The committee hopes to hear three witnesses today, namely, Mr. Roy 0. Hughes, president of the Order of Railway Conductors; Mr. W. E. B. Chase, vice president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen; and Mr. W. B. Kennedy, president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen.

Will the persons named step forward and be sworn, please? Mr. Hughes, Mr. Chase, and Mr. Kennedy, will you please raise your right hand and be sworn?

You do solemnly swear that the testimony which you are about to give in this proceeding will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?

Mr. HUGHES. I do.
Mr. CHASE. I do.
Mr. KENNEDY. I do.
The CHAIRMAN. The first witness, then, is Mr. Hughes.
Mr. Hughes will take the chair there.

Mr. Hughes, I understand you have a prepared statement. Do you wish to follow the statement or will you summarize it?



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Mr. HUGHES. I will offer the statement that I prepared for the record and will read from certain portions of it as my testimony here.

The CHAIRMAN. And the entire statement will be carried in the record as if delivered.

Mr. HUGHES. I would like to have that done. Thank you.
The CHAIRMAN. All right. You may proceed.

Mr. Hughes. I first express the sincere appreciation of the Order of Railway Conductors, of which I have the honor to be president, to the committee for this opportunity to present our views on the subject matter of your investigation. Our organization will cooperate fully in your inquiry and will be pleased to answer any questions within the limits of my information and to furnish any information available to us touching upon the dispute which brought forth this investigation.

Before discussing the dispute itself, it seems fitting that I give you a brief statement of my background, my railroad experience, and my work as a representative of railroad conductors.

I began work for the Great Northern Railway as a machinist's helper and entered train service as a Northern Pacific Railway brakeman at Duluth, Minn., in the year 1907; worked as a Northern Pacific conduc


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