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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 3000

AND SIMILAR BILLS TO STRENGTHEN AND IMPROVE

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN THE NATION

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C., FEBRUARY 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,

18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, AND 27, 1963

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

ADAM O. POWELL, Chairman

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1963

94173

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

ADAM C. POWELL, New York, Chairman CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

PETER FRELINGHUYSEN, JR., New Jersey PHIL M. LANDRUM, Georgia

WILLIAM H. AYRES, Ohio EDITH GREEN, Oregon

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan JAMES ROOSEVELT, California

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey CHARLES E. GOODELL, New York ELMER J. HOLLAND, Pennsylvania

DONALD C. BRUCE, Indiana JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio ROMAN C. PUCINSKI, Illinois

DAVE MARTIN, Nebraska DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey ALPHONZO BELL, California JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana

M. G. (GENE) SNYDER, Kentucky JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois
RALPH J. SCOTT, North Carolina

ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
HUGH L. CAREY, New York
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California
CARLTON R. SICKLES, Maryland
SAM GIBBONS, Florida
THOMAS P. GILL, Hawaii
GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California

LOUISE MAXIENNE DARGANS, Chief Clerk

RUSSELL C. DERRICKSON, Staff Director

DEBORAH PARTRIDGE WOLFE, Education Chief
HOWARD G. GAMSER, Chief Counsel for Labor-Management

RICHARD T. BURRESS, Minority Clerk

CONTENTS

Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

Page

February 4, 1963..

1

February 5, 1963

119

February 6, 1963.

195

February 7, 1963-

361

February 8, 1963-

443

February 18, 1963.

531

February 19, 1963.

589

February 20, 1963.

635

February 21, 1963.

735

February 22, 1963.

899

February 26, 1963.

951

February 27, 1963.

999

Text of H.R. 3000..

2

Statement of -

Andreas, Glenn A., chairman of the board, Citizens for Educational

Freedom, 3109 South Grand Boulevard, St. Louis, Mo.; Vincent

P. Corley, president; and Rabbi Alexander Mittelman, principal,

Hillel School, Rochester, N.Y., on behalf of Citizens for Educational

Freedom..

1011

Babbidge, Dr. Homer D., Jr., president, University of Connecticut;

Dr. Allan M. Cartter, vice president, American Council on Educa-

tion; and Dr. Rexford G. Moon, Jr., director, College Associations

for Higher Education..

470

Bryan, James E., president, American Library Association; and

Emerson Greenway, director, Free Library of Philadelphia---

780

Bull, Mrs. Fred L., chairman of the Committee on Legislation for

the National Congress of Parents and Teachers.-

899

Carlson, Dr. C. Emanuel, executive director, Baptist Joint Committee

on Public Affairs, Washington, D.C.---

960

Celebrezze, Hon. Anthony J., Secretary of Health, Education, and
Welfare; accompanied by Wilbur J. Cohen, Assistant Secretary;

and Francis Keppel, Commissioner-Designate of Education, the

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.--

61

Engleman, Finis E., executive secretary, American Association of

School Administrators.

423

Fischer, Dr. John H., president, Teachers College, Columbia Uni-

versity; Dr. Joseph Totaro, School of Education, the University of

Wisconsin; Dr. John H. Fisher, executive-secretary-designate of

the Modern Language Association of America; and Dr. James R.

Squire, executive secretary of the National Council of Teachers of

English and associate professor of English, University of Illinois -- 589

Fuller, Dr. Edward, executive secretary, Council of Chief State School

Officers, Washington, D.C.; accompanied by the Honorable William

Sanders, commissioner of education of Connecticut..

364, 401

Harrington, Dr. Fred H., president, University of Wisconsin; accom-

panied by Dr. Russell Thackerey, executive secretary, American

Association of Staff Universities and Land-Grant Colleges ..

735

Haworth, Dr. Ellis, chairman of the legislation committee, District

of Columbia Congress of Parents and Teachers..

1023

Hitchcock, Dr. Arthur A., executive director, American Personnel
and Guidance Association; accompanied by Carl McDaniels -

443
Hochwalt, Msgr. Frederick G., director of the department of the
National Catholic Welfare Conference..

299
Jones, Dr. Mamie Jo, president, the Council for Exceptional Children.. 702

Statement of Continued

Keppel, Francis, Commissioner-Designate of Education, Department

of Health, Education, and Welfare; accompanied by Peter P.

Muirhead, Assistant Commissioner of Education, Department of Page

Health, Education, and Welfare---

125, 200

Knoff, Dr. Gerald, executive secretary, Division of Christian Educa-

tion National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United

States of America..

905

Lowell, C. Stanley, assistant director, Protestants and Other Ameri-

cans United for Separation of Church and State, Washington, D.C. 974
Luke, Dr. Robert A., director of the Division of Adult Education

Service of the National Education Association of Public School
Adult Educators, Washington, D.C., and Mrs. Mary Tinglof,

president of the Los Angeles Board of Education.-

795

Megel, Carl J., president of the American Federation of Teachers.. 868

Mitchell, Clarence, director, Washington bureau, National Association

for the Advancement of Colored People -

951

Morris, Barry, chairman, legislative committee, department of

audiovisual instruction, National Education Association; accom-
panied by Dr. William H. Allen, president-elect, department of
audiovisual instruction; and by Dr. Robert Snyder, assistant execu-
tive secretary, department of audiovisual instruction.-

1038

Odegaard, Dr. Charles E., president, University of Washington, on
behalf of the American Council of Education -

263

Pelissier, Mrs. Raymond F., member, legislative program committee

of the American Association of University Women...

1031

Rich, William A., District of Columbia Congress of Parents and
Teachers, Washington, D.C.--

935
Robbins, Dr. Paul H., executive director, National Society of Pro-

fessional Engineers, before Committee on Education and Labor.. 999

Sanders, William J., secretary, Conneticut State Board of Education. 411

Sherer, Rabbi Morris, executive vice president, Agudath Israel of

America..

713

Smith, Dr. J. Richard, assistant superintendent of the city of Los

Angeles --

945

Stults, Mrs. Walter B., on behalf of several home and school associa-

tions.

1049

Willis, Dr. Benjamin C., superintendent of schools, Chicago, Ill.;

accompanied by Dr. J. Chester Swanson, University of California,
Berkeley, Calif.

635
Wilson, Dr. Logan, president, American Council on Education; Dr.

Mason W. Gross, president, Rutgers, the State University, New
Brunswick, N.J.; Dr. John R. Howard, president, Lewis and Clark
College, Oregon; Dr. Donald E. Deyo, vice president, American
Association of Junior Colleges; dean, Montgomery Junior College,
Takoma Park, Md.; Dr. Norman C. Harris, associate professor of
technical education, Center for the Study of Higher Education,
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.; Dr. Edmon Low, second
vice president, American Library Association; librarian, Oklahoma
State University library, Stillwater, Okla.; Dr. Alexander Heard,
chancellor, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.; and Dr.
George Winchester Stone, executive secretary, Modern Language
Association; professor of English, New York University, New York,
N.Y.

532
Wyatt, Robert H., vice president, National Education Association.-- 214

Statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.:

AFL-CIO Executive Council:

Statement on education.

1075

Statement on vocational education...

1074

Andreas, Glenn A., chairman of the board, Citizens for Educational

Freedom, testimony of..

1015

Arnold, Mrs. Dexter Otis, president, General Federation of Women's

Clubs, statement of..

1065

Babbidge, Dr. Homer D., Jr., president, University of Connecticut,

statement of

471

Bell, Wilmer V., director of adult education, Baltimore City public

schools, statement by -

1108

Bomar, Cora Paul, president, American Association of School Librar-
ians, statement of

1097

Statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.-Continued

Brough, H. o., coordinator, adult education noncredit program, the Pago
University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyo.,

letter to Chairman Perkins. 1099
Carlson, C. Emanuel, executive director, Baptist Joint Committee on
Public Affairs, testimony by ---

960
Carr, William G., executive secretary, National Education Associa-

tion, telegram to Hon. Edith Green, dated September 19, 1962... 227

Cartter, Allan M., vice president, American Council on Éducation,

formal statement of..

476

Celebrezze, Hon. Anthony J., Secretary of Health, Education, and

Welfare:

Appropriation requirements (table) ---

99

Adequacy of public library service in the United States (chart)-- 75

Adults 25 years and over who have completed less than eight
grades of school (table).

1056
Application of State constitutional limitations on State indebted-
ness to academic facility construction loans under part A of
title II of proposed H.R. 3000, Department of Health, Educa-
tion, and Welfare staff memo-

188

Appropriation requirements (table) -

99

Brief summary of appropriations requirements for National
Education Improvement Act of 1963 (table) -

98

Budget items related to science education, National Science

Foundation.

103

Estimates of numbers of participants in work-study program,

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of

Education staff memo.

Federal support of graduate study: Number of participants in

Federal fellowship, traineeship, and training grant programs,
fiscal years 1963 and 1964 (table) --

88

Letter to Chairman Powell, dated March 22, 1963..

1051

School assistance in federally affected areas (table) --

1055

Summary of estimates of appropriation, expenditures, and

personnel required during the first 5 years of the program

authorized by the bill (table)--

1052

Title 1.—Expansion of opportunities for individuals in higher

education (table) -

1052

Title II.- Expansion and improvement of higher education

(table)

1053

Title III.-Improvement of educational quality (table) --- 1053

Title IV.--Strengthening elementary and secondary educa-

tion (table)----

1054

Title V. - Expansion and improvement of vocational and

special education (table)-

1054

Title VI.-Expansion of continuing education (table)

1055

Persons 25 and over with less than 5 years of schooling (chart) - 74
Projected educational attainment (chårt).

73
Public and private college and university libraries (chart)

68
School retention rates (chart)-----

70
Summary of appropriation requirements by type of authorization
(table) ---

98
Summary of H.R. 12, 88th Congress-

101
Total student cost of attending college (chart) -

65

Chamber of Commerce of the United States, statement of -

1079

Table A.--Estimated authorizations to States proposed for fiscal
year ending June 30, 1964.--

1084

Table B.—How States would fare under National Education Im-

provement Act of 1963

1086

Table C.-First year new obligational authority and first year

estimated expenditures for the National Education Improve-

ment Act of 1963...

1087

Cohen, David, legislative representative, Americans for Democratic

Action, statement of

1091

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